Presentation on theme: "Advanced Civil Engineering Education Initiative"— Presentation transcript:
1 Advanced Civil Engineering Education Initiative The BackgroundRichard JardineProfessor of GeomechanicsDirector of MSc Programme
2 Civil Engineering Counts! Societal challenges Health and quality of life: water supply and treatment, transport, buildingsEnergy supply and conservation: offshore oil and gas, wind generators, nuclear etcProtecting the public: road safety, earthquakes, floods, landslides…..
4 Civil Engineering Counts! Economic challenges UK Construction: £74.7bn per year!High risk; low profit; low share values; 30% too expensive? Can it be better organised/managed?UK Construction services £7 to £8bn!Much of it in exports. But can these knowledge businesses remain competitive without high level skills?
5 Civil Engineering Counts! Environmental challenges Industry’s perceived negative impactAt odds with actual role in protecting natural environment and enhancing towns & citiesCrucial now to develop rational strategies for sustainable future
6 Sustainable cites….living with difficult neighbours?
7 Civil Engineering teams and skills GPs and specialists Longstanding recognition of need for specialism. Suite of Imperial College MScs set up in 1940’sGrowing need for specialist education that cannot be provided by BEng, MEng, or CPDPhDs are valuable but rarely required for practiceSpecialist MSc courses most cost-effective meansExample of demand: half UK geotechnical specialists have MScs; 50% from Imperial College
8 Civil Engineering Human Resources crisis Highly skilled professionals needed to meet technical, managerial, environmental challengesSkills shortages cited as major problem in surveys, limiting ability to deliver - from transport to deepwater energyExample of AGS. Among top 4 problems facing industry were:Quality of workSkills shortagesCuts in funding for MSc students
9 Applications to Imperial College Civil MSc courses Enrolment down from maximum of 160 to 125Now 71% non-UK domiciled entry
11 MSc applications lag several years behind UGs Trends in undergraduate applications for Civil Engineering degrees: 1994 = 100MSc applications lag several years behind UGs
12 Civil Engineering Human Resources crisis Cultural drift away from physical sciences:`A’ level and degree choices; fewer graduatesUK graduates less inclined to undertake specialist MScs:Four year MEngStudent debtEPSRC/NERC funds cut for core topicsLow salaries & status issuesMSc gives little financial benefitDecades needed to repay personal investment
13 Civil Engineering at Universities Courses are expensive to run; able students and staff are hard to attract; MSc studies have a low priority; economics don’t add upGeneral trend is to contract; many courses closing or under threatStrategy at Imperial College: to swim upstream!First step was to survey 300+ MSc and MEng students
14 Advanced Civil Engineering Education Initiative Reconfiguring Imperial courses to optimise:Appeal to able studentsEducational topicality, relevance, qualityEconomics, flexibility of deliveryInteract with ICE, ISE, RAEng etc; Research Councils (EPSRC, NERC); Industry; Government – seek participation & supportBuild funding for Imperial College courses and student bursaries; create opportunitiesPublicise our findings and opportunities on offer
15 Reconfiguring our MSc courses Wise up, don’t dumb down! Regrouping of 9 existing courses into 4 clusters:Advanced structuresEnvironmentGeotechnicsTransportIntroduction of two new courses:Integrated structuresEarthquake EngineeringNew options in all four clusters for dual degree titles. 25 MSc titles created by adding 25% of:Business Management orSustainable Development
16 Advanced Structural Concrete Structures Engineering Cluster Concrete Structures & Business Management Concrete Structures & Sustainable Development Structural Steel Design Structural Steel Design & Business Management Structural Steel Design & Sustainable Development Earthquake Engineering Integrated Structural Engineering Geotechnics Cluster Soil Mechanics Soil Mechanics & Engineering Seismology Soil Mechanics & Environmental Geotechnics Soil Mechanics & Business Management Soil Mechanics & Sustainable Development Engineering Geology Engineering Geology& Business Management Engineering Geology & Sustainable Development Environmental Cluster Environmental Engineering Environmental Engineering & Business Management Environmental Engineering & Sustainable Development Hydrology for Environmental Management Hydrology& Business Management Hydrology & Sustainable Development Transport Cluster Transport Transport & Business Management Transport & Sustainable Development
17 Advanced Civil Engineering Initiative: other steps Part time and CPD extension options on all MScsMTP funding from EPSRC for geotechnics & transport, also NERC funding for hydrologyIndustrial bursary group. 12 geotechnical members; recruitment inside track; liaison groups for other MScsSeeking further funding and liaison with Industry and Research Councils
18 Finally Skills shortage is impinging on quality of professional work Claims against PI cover are soaring, frequency doubling in last decade in some sectorsMSc course recruitment will become more difficult with time: fewer graduates, more debt etc..Concerted effort needed if courses are not to fold and skills stream dry up altogetherOur `call to arms’ to Institutions, Research Councils, Government and Industry; help us with funding and student recruitment!
22 Seismic Hazard Vulnerability Loss [EARTHQUAKE RISK] = [SEISMIC HAZARD] * [VULNERABILITY] (LOSS)Seismic HazardProbability of occurrence of earthquake at a given site& period of timeReflects Regional & local seismotectonic activityIt is beyond human control, but knowledge of it is possible(long-term seismicity)VulnerabilityPhysical characteristics of structureIt can be assessed, controlled and reducedLossCost of restoring structure to its state just beforethe earthquakeAny other form of loss/value
51 Advanced Civil Engineering Education Initiative Business ManagementStephen GlaisterProfessor of Transport and Infrastructure
52 Business and policy skills for practising engineers Human behaviour and response to incentives Fundamentals of funding and financing The public realm Understanding data: facts not prejudice Three case studies from London experience
53 Congestion Charging. A large and highly visible “experiment”
54 Congestion charging: the skills involved Traffic engineeringSystems, ITWill the technology and data bases be adequate?Measuring trip patterns; survey workModelling behaviour– how will individuals respond to changed incentives?Individual choice modelling“Criminology” rates of detection and penalty levels
55 Congestion charging: the skills involved Appraisal – is it good value for money?Economics of consumer behaviourWho gains, who loses and by how much?Public attitudes; surveysIs it good policy?There is grave shortage of transport planners and economists
56 Understanding a business Transport for London budget
57 Understanding the bus business Why does the budgeted deficit increase so much?Is this a good thing?Is this budget likely to be sustainable?
58 Understanding the bus business: what to do? Fares policyQuality and volume of service policyThe cost base- Procurement: competition?- Labour market?- Management?Justification for increased subsidy– value for public money?
59 Funding and financing: Crossrail Choosing a route – what’s it for?Congestion relief or regeneration?Civil engineering designProcurement & project management
60 Funding and financing: Crossrail Form of contract with suppliers?- What really went wrong with Jubilee Line Extension?Private Finance Initiative or public sector?- Managing cost risk?Risk and cost of capital- Nb PPP for London Underground!
61 Funding and financing: Crossrail Value for money? Who pays? – distinctions between funding and financing Innovative funding mechanisms Taxes, charges, development gains
62 The public realm: Crossrail Planning controlsWhat are they for?Parliamentary processTransport and Works Act; Hybrid billsPolicy control and political accountabilityDevolution: central vs local governmentLocal government finance
63 The public realm: microeconomic policy Competition policyEconomic regulation of utilitiesConsumer welfareConsumer behaviourIndustrial structureIndustrial behaviour
64 Business and policy skills for practising engineers Human behaviourFundamentals of funding and financingThe public realmFactsThese courses will help the student understand what business people, economists, civil servants and politicians are trying to achieve