Presentation on theme: "Smt.K.Lakshmi, Chairperson & Hon.Director,"— Presentation transcript:
1Nurturing the Roots, Building the Future Quality Initiatives for Young Children – SRC ECE AMS Smt.K.Lakshmi,Chairperson & Hon.Director,SRC ECE, Andhra Mahila Sabha, A.PPresentation at Meeting of National Thematic Workshop on BBBP at Panipat –
2Emergence State Resource Centre – ECE AMS In tune with the avowed objectives of AMS to work for women and children, AMS entered the area of ECE as an act of dedication to the memory of its founder Dr.Durgabai Deshmukh.Recognizing the crucial importance of early childhood education in terms of fostering and promoting all round development in children and also to bridge the wide gap between the needs and facilities catering to this age group, Andhra Mahila Sabha started a Post Graduate Diploma course in Early Childhood Education in the year 1984 to train a cadre of teachers to work with 3 to 8 years age group.With support of UNICEF and collaboration of NCERT, AMS took up a project to support preschool component of ICDS and was recognized in as State Resource Centre – Early Childhood Education (SRC – ECE) for Andhra Pradesh. UNICEF supported activities till Since then SRC ECE AMS continues to work for the cause.
3Current Activities of SRC Strengthening ECE programmesSRC is collaborating with ICDS programme of WD&CW Dept.SRC is working with Save the Children , PRATHAM and other NGOs like CDR in training the field functionaries.Designing and Development of material related to ECE programmes.SRC – R&D Cell – DDCD is working with CECED – Ambedkar University on a longitudinal study as strand BSRC is coordinating Case study –Strand C in APSRC is working with SSA on developing School Readiness Package.R&D cell is also working on developing a mathematical kitDocumented good ECE programmes in AWCs of the 3 regions of the StateConducted a discussion with stake holders on ECE policy Frame work
4Bases for ECE Programme The first few years are foreverWhat happens or does not happen to children in the earliest years of their lives is of critical importance both to their immediate well being and to their future. Hence responsive care , early stimulation and active learning opportunities in the first few years are critical for promoting brain development and enhanced life long learning capacity.
5Context Every child deserves a good start in life The child’s early experiences create the base for all subsequent learningECCE a critical component of Human Resource DevelopmentStrong early childhood foundations can help easier transition to primary grades for better completion ratesReduced povertyIncreased social equityHigh economic returnsHence need for effective ECCE programmesOnly quality ECCE programme has a strong and lasting impact.Two critical components that have direct implication are the curriculum and capacity building
6Addressing the Curriculum Special Features of AP ECE ProgrammeThe programme has been tuned to meet diverse needs of multi-age group children.Highly flexible but moves within a broad frame.Built-in evaluation is a critical component in the programme.Right from the day one children are initiated towards School Readiness Activities.Habit formation, exposure to scientific experiencesCulture & local specific, songs & games are from different regions.Introduction of English through rhymes, social etiquette and simple vocabulary.The whole programme is informal and provides scope for a lot of flexibility and innovation. It is a broad framework with cues on areas, concepts and material that could form the basis for a good developmental programme.The effectiveness of even the best programme depends on the support system.
7Support System & Capacity Issues ECCE needs capacity building multi-dimensionallyPreparation of personnel to function at different levelsPreparing various stake holders in playing their roles effectively- parents,- elected representatives,- communityPreparation of needed materialsIt is not merely the personnel even facility and material needed do not get any serious attention. As a result the markets (in the context of globalization) are getting flooded with materials which are useful, not so useful and never useful. It is the luck of the child which decides what she/he gets.Hence SRC designed the material that was supplied by the Dept. and provided needed training to the functionaries in multiple usage
8Investing In People - Strengthening Capacities at all Levels Teachers , Child Care workers ( AWWs, BWWs, Creche/Day Care Workers)Supervisory StaffTrainers and Trainer of TrainersCurriculum framersMaterial ManufacturesMonitoring and regulatory personnelB) Policy makers and policy implementers.C) Community.
9Personnel Preparation Lack of trained personnel in ECCE both in terms of adequate numbers and of appropriate quality, even to meet the minimum standards.Private sector, which is a major employer is not under any regulation. The teacher preferences of this sector range from highly, but inappropriately qualified persons to totally untrained teachers, who had no concept of ECCE. When employers are not interested in hiring specifically trained workers, potential workers have no incentive in getting trained. This in turn is affecting the demand for ECCE training resulting in closure of such training institutions.
10Dedicated Training Centre MTTC (Master Trainers Training Centre) An Innovative Initiative in A.PSRC took up the task of capacity building for initiating various ECE Programmes by giving required training to personnel at different levels on different components for more than 2 decades. Recognizing the criticality of ECCE and the expertise available at SRC ECE AMS, WD & CW of AP assigned a Specialized Training Centre in ECE “MTTC” – Master Trainers Training Centre so as to organize and conduct a number of exclusive Training Programmes for different functionaries in the State on ECE.
11Capacity BuildingIn a 2 year period special training was given to 330 CDPOs, Supervisors and 72 AWTC Instructors on the revised ECE programmme of ICDS- AP.
12Different Methodologies of Training Brain Storming Sessions Demo by the traineeHands on ExperienceBrain Storming SessionsRole Play
13Hands on trainingCDPOs and Supervisors were taken to the AWCs where they trained the workers on the ECE component one on one basis
14Training reflections-Outcomes CDPOs, Supervisors and other ICDS functionaries gained clarity on pre – school content and materialFocused sector / project meetings on pre-school component were initiatedTo strengthen the capacities of AWWs, more organized trainings in small groups through demonstration and practice were introducedUtilization/ usage of kit by AWWs and children has drastically improved providing more opportunities for more hands on experiences for children.Hands on experience of Supervisors/ CDPOs facilitated improved monitoringSlight increase in enrolment and regularity of childrenMotivated supervisors developed model AWCs in their sectors. Better monitoring, continuous feedback were observed in the shared videosEvaluation check list developed by AMS facilitated in improving monitoring system
15Reflections on Curriculum Content Pre-school curriculum of AP observed to be developmentally appropriate programme catering to the holistic development of the childPeriodical training supportive monitoring helped for easy implementation of the programJoyful Hand- On – Experiences to childrenDisplay of assessment of 3+ & 4+ Anganwadi children term wise represented by Bar graphs
16Contd..Skill of AWW enhanced in evaluating and grading of 3+ & 4+ childrenGrading of centres by supervisors and CDPOs as per the assessment processPerformance of AWWs improved under focused periodical monitoring by supervisors, CDPOs and SRC ECE AMS
17Impact of Quality Initiatives In most of the centers, display of monthly Time-table was seen.Stories are being narrated by AWWs to the children mostly with expressions and dramatization.Kit material is being used by AWW as well as by children in 50% of the centresSome of the good habits such as “Wishing Elders”; “Keeping the slippers on line”; Personal Hygiene; Good eating habits; Use of Handkerchief are being followed by the children of AWC
18Noticed Outcomes Developing habit formation using puppets Display of achievement of childrenEnsuring joyful learningPracticing writing…
19Systematic conduct of AWC activities as per the day-wise time table Stimulating activities - Science ExperiencesAge-specific activitiesIndoor activities in small groups
20Quality Initiatives Indira Darshini To make the training and monitoring more effective SRC ECE initiated the following …Indira DarshiniA monthly magazine printed and supplied to centres by the Department of WD&CW –Contributing guidelines in the magazine as a ready reference for the field Workers for implementing the programme at the centre..
21Quality Initiatives cont.. Mana TV –- MTTC staff participated in the live teleshow through MANA TV channel and demonstrated school readiness programme to be taken up by the Anganwadi Workers during the month of April for preparing 4+ children to formal school.- In addition to the training given on the usage of materials to different functionaries MTTC faculty demonstrated multiple usage of the material supplied through MANA TV
22Quality Initiatives cont.. Name of the Student: M. Sringala Devijan MBBS Name of the AWW: Prasanna When I was a child, I used to go to Anganwadi center in which our teacher (Prasanna) taught us Telugu and English rhymes, several charts of flowers, animals, alphabets etc. She made us to play many games. Always she encouraged us to study well and taught us decent behaviour. I really love my first school and teacher. M.Sringala Devijan MBBSSupport for developing materialsDeveloped a checklist for observation of programme at Anganwadi Centres in the state.Developed an observation record for monitoring progress of the child in different developmental areas during the year.Documented success stories of persons who had their foundation at the Anganwadi Centres.
23Building training capacity in ECCE, in all the sectors, for all types and levels of programmes, is perhaps the single most important taskIntensive professional development improves child outcomes
24ECE Programmes entered the field without planning for the manpower required The Capacity building initiatives in the area of ECCE ended up withAssorted adhoc interventionsLack of linkages or continuityIsolated structural formatsHighly formalized training in negligible slots
25Building Training Capacity ECCE training needs urgent regulation and monitoringProfessional inputs are neededLack of good role modelsTraining institutions are unable to demonstrate or place trainees in model ECCE programme in the field. Most of the teacher training programmes give theoretical exposure or practice in a unrelated situation , at best in a simulated situationHence every training institute should adopt 20 to 25 model ECCE centres(POA)Prepare modules to upgrade skills and knowledge of teachers/caregivers
26Building Training Capacity – cont. Refresher courses for teachers atleast once in five yearsGood training depends on practical exposure during training period. Good practical exposure is possible when good centres are available. A good centre needs to follow a good programmeTraining along with institution of regulation and control will emerge as the most critical element which impacts on the quality of ECCE programmeMultiple models & multipronged approaches are needed, program specific vocational training courses, mobile training, formal University/ professional courses and open distance learningModular courses with facility of credit accumulation for career mobility across levels should form part of planning
27Needed ActionAddress diversity by catering to a variety of situations, contexts, components and levels (from helpers to teacher-educators)Encourage flexibility and innovativeness.Emphasize practical “hands-on” training rather than resort to outdated formal and heavily theoretical approaches, particularly for the grassroots levelDevelop innovative and practical in-service courses through distance education for the “untrained” especially in the private sectorCertify and recognize ECCE training to promote both self-employment and public employmentStrengthen inter-sectoral collaboration by sharing and networking of resource expertise and resource materials in ECCE
28Filling the Gaps ... Bridge Courses These are intended to enable the certification of those with long experience but without formal training or even minimum qualifications.All training programmes should be recognized ones conducted by approved institutionsThe design of the course must include field work in real-life settings, skill practice and experienceResource and instructional materials for training must be developed in all media- print, audio-visual and electronic to reinforce trainersTrainers must be prepared through TOT before courses are launchedThe existing body of research related to capacity building needs to be strengthened.There is a need to venture into other crucial areas. ECE should benefit from advances in other disciplines.University departments should be alerted to take research in this area.
30Lessons from other Initiatives ContextualisationCurriculum: A short intervention for reviewing the existing pre-school programmes in the Southern States as a part of contextualisation of the programme helped in re- defining the roles of Teachers/Workers , role clarity for supervisors and ICDS hierarchyContextualisation of content for pre-reading and picture reading skills - bilingual methods adopted for tribal groups. School readiness programmesTailor made programmes for children from various settings- tribal , rural and urban Joint training of partners from the sectors involvedAnganwadi workers and class I teachers were provided joined training under DPEP – built better links between Anganwadi centre and primary school.Community based centres .Balabadis under SERPBalabadis started with the support of SERP in A.PActive participation of the community.Functioned as best practices under innovation.However could not been scaled up for want of coordination and convergence between the different departments
31Capacity building Ambedkar University Distance Education for Master Trainers of Chennai, Karnataka, Kerala at NIPCCD, BangloreAmbedkar University Distance EducationAzim Premji Foundation
32Issues and concerns ownership of ECCE quality and regulation of ECE development based and age appropriate programmelinkage with primary school programmeeffective communicative strategiesadvocacy
33Drawing from Experience Quality ECCE program depends onTrained and committed professionalAppropriate ECCE environmentsContext-sensitive curricula and materialsShared responsibility across sectors and departments, parents, communities and private sector
34Action pointsPlan alternative interventions move from traditional approach to a business plan approachShift from centralised standardized planning to contextualised decentralised and convergent planning as a village plan for children.Provide for training and support during transition period for necessary capacity building.The village plan should beComprehensive outcomes based oneFocussed on a specific geographical areaIdentifiable target groupsFacilitates convergence of all provisions in a consistent and complementary way to promote development of children.Draw on existing schemes across the sectors.Establish National/State Resource Centres for ECCE
35Technology Support-Online knowledge hub on children Sishu Vikas Kendras providing online support to care giversExpansion of child line facilityDevelop Research tested and contextualised curriculumWeb based professional developmentTechnology driven monitoring of child’s learningCollaborative initiatives with electronic media for advocacy, on-job training to field functionaries, provision of stimulating experiences to childrenCreate facilities for manufacturing quality learning and play materials at affordable ratesFinally establishment of a National University for children
36Our obligationThe message we draw from various studies clearly emphasises the need for a comprehensive multi-spectral and integrated approach in addressing child development and child education matters.High quality pre-school programmes can have a remarkable long losting impact on lives of children both educationally and in terms of life long productivity.It is therefore imperative on our part to pool all our efforts in raising the overall quality of pre-school education. It is non- negotiable as children in vulnerable settings benefit only when it is of high quality.
38Standing Tall… Spreading Wide SRC-ECE of AMS today enjoys the privilege of being an expert ECE agency in the State of AP. It has been associated withWomen Development & Child Welfare Dept. of A.P - to design different training courses; prepare training packages; organize a number of training programmes for ECE functionaries, etc.DPEP (Education Dept.) – to prepare the programmme of ECE training of key resource personnel, etc.NCERT – to implement nationally approved programmesDifferent agencies for developing prototypes of materials and training modulesVoluntary organizations to provide training supportDifferent organizations for taking up studies related to ECEAssociatesUNICEFNCERTDPEPNIPPCDNIMHNIMHHome Science DepartmentState Department of Women and Child WelfareVarious NGOs – RDF (Rural Development Foundation), Samskar, PLAN, Seva Bharti, etc.