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1 Click Here to Search ICAR at a Glance Organization Organogram Research Crop Science Animal Science Horticulture Fisheries Natural Resource Management Agricultural Engineering Agricultural Education Agricultural Extension Information & Publications (DIPA) Research Institutes State Agricultural Universities Revised Common Academic Regulations, Course Curricula and Syllabi for PG Education Model Act for Agricultural Universities (2009) DG's Speeches Technology Offers Equipment/Facilities available International Linkages Merits & Awards Scholarships & Fellowships Job Announcements (ASRB) ICAR Telephone Directory Employee's Corner Other Related Links Right to Information Act Weather and Weather Based Agricultural Management Plan National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) Indo-US Agricultural Knowledge Initiative (AKI)Accredition of Higher Agriculture EducationIndia Fish VoiceNational Agricultural Science Museum International Guest House NASC Complex Digital Resources News & Highlights IMPORTANT WARNINGIMPORTANT WARNING Beware of a fraudulent website calling for job applications. read more... Speech by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Union Minister of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution at the Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences on June 4, 2009, at NASC Complex, Pusa, New Delhi Result (Marks secured) of ICAR's ARS/NET-Exam 2007 held on 25th May 2008 Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Fellowship Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Ph.D. Admission, without SRF Guidelines for ICAR International Fellowship as approved by the Council Selection of Emeritus Scientist Download Admitcard for All India Entrance Examination for Admission to UG Programme 2009( AIEEA-UG-2009) Notice:Major/Broad discipline of Fisheries Science for ARS/NET Examination-2009 Roll Nos & Venues of ARS/NET Examination-2009 Result of ARS 2007 Provisional result of National Eligibility Test 2007 List of physically handicapped candidates provisionally qualified in NET-2005 Proceedings of the Vice Chancellors Conference of Agricultural Universities’ held on 16 – 17 February 2009 Speech by Hon’ble Former President of India, Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, at the Concluding session of ANA World Conference on “Animal Nutrition- Preparedness to combat Challenges” held on Feb 16, 2009 at NASC Centre, New Delhi Archive >> read more... Speech by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Union Minister of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution at the Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences on June 4, 2009, at NASC Complex, Pusa, New Delhi Result (Marks secured) of ICAR's ARS/NET-Exam 2007 held on 25th May 2008 Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Fellowship Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Ph.D. Admission, without SRF Guidelines for ICAR International Fellowship as approved by the Council Selection of Emeritus Scientist Download Admitcard for All India Entrance Examination for Admission to UG Programme 2009( AIEEA-UG-2009) Notice:Major/Broad discipline of Fisheries Science for ARS/NET Examination-2009 Roll Nos & Venues of ARS/NET Examination-2009 Result of ARS 2007 Provisional result of National Eligibility Test 2007 List of physically handicapped candidates provisionally qualified in NET-2005 Proceedings of the Vice Chancellors Conference of Agricultural Universities’ held on 16 – 17 February 2009 Speech by Hon’ble Former President of India, Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, at the Concluding session of ANA World Conference on “Animal Nutrition- Preparedness to combat Challenges” held on Feb 16, 2009 at NASC Centre, New Delhi Archive >> Press Releases DARE/ICAR in Media >>DARE/ICAR in Media ‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released ( ) >> CIPHET Developed Facial Care Systems from Kinnow Peel ( ) >> World Conference on Animal Nutrition Begins ( ) >> World Conference on Animal Nutrition ( ) >> Conservation of Natural Resources for Sustainable Food Security (Hindi) ( ) >> Shri Sharad Pawar inaugurated World Congress on Conservation Agriculture ( ) >> ICAR completes the Revision of PG Course Curricula and Syllabi for Agricultural and allied Sciences ( ) >> Cooperation between India and Nepal in the field of Agricultural Research and Education ( ) >> Archive >> CIPHET Developed Facial Care Systems from Kinnow Peel World Conference on Animal Nutrition Begins World Conference on Animal Nutrition Conservation of Natural Resources for Sustainable Food Security (Hindi) Shri Sharad Pawar inaugurated World Congress on Conservation Agriculture ICAR completes the Revision of PG Course Curricula and Syllabi for Agricultural and allied Sciences Cooperation between India and Nepal in the field of Agricultural Research and Education Archive >> Forthcoming Events Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences & release of Academy's publication 'State of Indian Agriculture' by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Minister of Agriculture, Food & Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences & release of Academy's publication 'State of Indian Agriculture' by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Minister of Agriculture, Food & Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution on the 4th June, th Indian Science Congress to be held at University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram from 3-7 Jan 2010 Training Programme for Upcoming Entrepreneurs [ ] at CIAE, Bhopal Summer/Winter Schools and Short Courses during ICAR International Training Programmes 2009 Read more Short Course>> Workshop>> Conference >> Winter School>> All >> 97th Indian Science Congress to be held at University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram Training Programme for Upcoming Entrepreneurs Summer/Winter Schools and Short Courses ICAR International Training Programmes Read more Short CourseWorkshop Conference Winter SchoolAll >> Books Recent ICAR Publications e Books Contract Farming in India:A Resource Book Agriculture Films Agriculture Films by ICAR Newsletters ICAR News ICAR Reporter Notice Board Visit ICAR’s New Website which is under ConstructionVisit ICAR’s New Website which is under Construction Tenders Supply Orders CJSC Circulars Finance Circulars Other Circulars Trainings related Circulars from Work Study Section Archive Tenders Supply Orders CJSC Circulars Finance Circulars Other Circulars Trainings related Circulars from Work Study Section Archive Reports Proceedings of the Expert Level Seminar on Enhancement of Productivity and Profitability of Crops in India and ASEAN countries Proceedings of the Expert Level Seminar on Enhancement of Productivity and Profitability of Crops in India and ASEAN countries Highlights of Research Achievements Under AP Cess Fund Schemes ( ) ASRB Annual Report DARE/ICAR Annual Report ICAR Guidelines for Intellectual Property Management and Technology Transfer/ Commercialization More Highlights of Research Achievements Under AP Cess Fund Schemes ( ) ASRB Annual Report DARE/ICAR Annual Report ICAR Guidelines for Intellectual Property Management and Technology Transfer/ Commercialization More Miscellaneous Photo Gallery of 4 th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture Helpdesk for Information & Communication Discussion about Record Management in Director’s Conference Guidelines to Authors & Article Certificate ARS/NET Examination Syllabi Online GPF Status for ICAR HQ employees Online Article Status Hiring of Symposia, NASC Complex Photo Gallery of 4 th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture Helpdesk for Information & Communication Discussion about Record Management in Director’s Conference Guidelines to Authors & Article Certificate ARS/NET Examination Syllabi Online GPF Status for ICAR HQ employees Online Article Status Hiring of Symposia, NASC Complex Revised room rent charges in respect of various types of accommodation of ICAR Guest Houses ICAR Annual Accounts and Audit Report 2006–2007 Hindi / English Demand for Grant Parliament Questions Revised room rent charges in respect of various types of accommodation of ICAR Guest Houses Hindi English Demand for Grant arliament Questions News by DIPA ‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released.-. Scientists provide tips for Correcting Micronutrient Deficiencies in Paddy.-. XVI Dr B P Pal Memorial Lecture on ‘Research and Higher Education: Indian Challenges’.-.International Day for Biological Diversity, National Symposium on “Livestock Biodiversity Conservation & Utilization: Lessons from past and future perspectives”.-.Indian National Science Academy Honours PAU Soil Scientist.-.Pantnagar steps in to contain respiratory infection in Mules.-.Keep Muskmelon crop free from Downy Mildew-PAU experts.-.Development of Castor Depodder and Decorticator (Best if viewed in IE at 800X600 pixels resolution) ©Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi INDIA Saturday, June 6, 2009 Home Home | Jobs | Site Map | Feedback Jobs Site Map Feedback Success StoriesSuccess Stories Success Story - Commercial Goat Farming >>Vaccine for Plague (Peste des petits ruminants - PPR): A Disease of Small Ruminants. >>New Bleaching Material for Oil Refining. >>Organic Agro-processing Centre Established near Akola in Maharashtra. >>Eco-friendly Cotton Seed Delinting Plant. >>Success Story - Commercial Goat Farming >>Vaccine for Plague (Peste des petits ruminants - PPR): A Disease of Small Ruminants. >>New Bleaching Material for Oil Refining. >>Organic Agro-processing Centre Established near Akola in Maharashtra. >>Eco-friendly Cotton Seed Delinting Plant. >> Forms ASRB Advt No 02/2009 ASRB Advt No 02/2009 ASRB Advt No 01/2009 ASRB Application form 2007 for direct recruitment ASRB Score Card 2008(Revised) for direct recruitment ICAR Awards 2008 More >> ASRB Advt No 01/2009 ASRB Application form 2007 for direct recruitment ASRB Score Card 2008(Revised) for direct recruitment ICAR Awards 2008 More Click Here to Search ICAR at a Glance Organization Organogram Research Crop Science Animal Science Horticulture Fisheries Natural Resource Management Agricultural Engineering Agricultural Education Agricultural Extension Information & Publications (DIPA) Research Institutes State Agricultural Universities Revised Common Academic Regulations, Course Curricula and Syllabi for PG Education Model Act for Agricultural Universities (2009) DG's Speeches Technology Offers Equipment/Facilities available International Linkages Merits & Awards Scholarships & Fellowships Job Announcements (ASRB) ICAR Telephone Directory Employee's Corner Other Related Links Right to Information Act Weather and Weather Based Agricultural Management Plan National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) Indo-US Agricultural Knowledge Initiative (AKI)Accredition of Higher Agriculture EducationIndia Fish VoiceNational Agricultural Science Museum International Guest House NASC Complex Digital Resources News & Highlights IMPORTANT WARNINGIMPORTANT WARNING Beware of a fraudulent website calling for job applications. read more... Speech by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Union Minister of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution at the Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences on June 4, 2009, at NASC Complex, Pusa, New Delhi Result (Marks secured) of ICAR's ARS/NET-Exam 2007 held on 25th May 2008 Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Fellowship Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Ph.D. Admission, without SRF Guidelines for ICAR International Fellowship as approved by the Council Selection of Emeritus Scientist Download Admitcard for All India Entrance Examination for Admission to UG Programme 2009( AIEEA-UG-2009) Notice:Major/Broad discipline of Fisheries Science for ARS/NET Examination-2009 Roll Nos & Venues of ARS/NET Examination-2009 Result of ARS 2007 Provisional result of National Eligibility Test 2007 List of physically handicapped candidates provisionally qualified in NET-2005 Proceedings of the Vice Chancellors Conference of Agricultural Universities’ held on 16 – 17 February 2009 Speech by Hon’ble Former President of India, Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, at the Concluding session of ANA World Conference on “Animal Nutrition- Preparedness to combat Challenges” held on Feb 16, 2009 at NASC Centre, New Delhi Archive >> read more... Speech by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Union Minister of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution at the Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences on June 4, 2009, at NASC Complex, Pusa, New Delhi Result (Marks secured) of ICAR's ARS/NET-Exam 2007 held on 25th May 2008 Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Fellowship Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Ph.D. Admission, without SRF Guidelines for ICAR International Fellowship as approved by the Council Selection of Emeritus Scientist Download Admitcard for All India Entrance Examination for Admission to UG Programme 2009( AIEEA-UG-2009) Notice:Major/Broad discipline of Fisheries Science for ARS/NET Examination-2009 Roll Nos & Venues of ARS/NET Examination-2009 Result of ARS 2007 Provisional result of National Eligibility Test 2007 List of physically handicapped candidates provisionally qualified in NET-2005 Proceedings of the Vice Chancellors Conference of Agricultural Universities’ held on 16 – 17 February 2009 Speech by Hon’ble Former President of India, Dr A P J Abdul Kalam, at the Concluding session of ANA World Conference on “Animal Nutrition- Preparedness to combat Challenges” held on Feb 16, 2009 at NASC Centre, New Delhi Archive >> Press Releases DARE/ICAR in Media >>DARE/ICAR in Media ‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released ( ) >> CIPHET Developed Facial Care Systems from Kinnow Peel ( ) >> World Conference on Animal Nutrition Begins ( ) >> World Conference on Animal Nutrition ( ) >> Conservation of Natural Resources for Sustainable Food Security (Hindi) ( ) >> Shri Sharad Pawar inaugurated World Congress on Conservation Agriculture ( ) >> ICAR completes the Revision of PG Course Curricula and Syllabi for Agricultural and allied Sciences ( ) >> Cooperation between India and Nepal in the field of Agricultural Research and Education ( ) >> Archive >> CIPHET Developed Facial Care Systems from Kinnow Peel World Conference on Animal Nutrition Begins World Conference on Animal Nutrition Conservation of Natural Resources for Sustainable Food Security (Hindi) Shri Sharad Pawar inaugurated World Congress on Conservation Agriculture ICAR completes the Revision of PG Course Curricula and Syllabi for Agricultural and allied Sciences Cooperation between India and Nepal in the field of Agricultural Research and Education Archive >> Forthcoming Events Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences & release of Academy's publication 'State of Indian Agriculture' by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Minister of Agriculture, Food & Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences & release of Academy's publication 'State of Indian Agriculture' by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Minister of Agriculture, Food & Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution on the 4th June, th Indian Science Congress to be held at University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram from 3-7 Jan 2010 Training Programme for Upcoming Entrepreneurs [ ] at CIAE, Bhopal Summer/Winter Schools and Short Courses during ICAR International Training Programmes 2009 Read more Short Course>> Workshop>> Conference >> Winter School>> All >> 97th Indian Science Congress to be held at University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram Training Programme for Upcoming Entrepreneurs Summer/Winter Schools and Short Courses ICAR International Training Programmes Read more Short CourseWorkshop Conference Winter SchoolAll >> Books Recent ICAR Publications e Books Contract Farming in India:A Resource Book Agriculture Films Agriculture Films by ICAR Newsletters ICAR News ICAR Reporter Notice Board Visit ICAR’s New Website which is under ConstructionVisit ICAR’s New Website which is under Construction Tenders Supply Orders CJSC Circulars Finance Circulars Other Circulars Trainings related Circulars from Work Study Section Archive Tenders Supply Orders CJSC Circulars Finance Circulars Other Circulars Trainings related Circulars from Work Study Section Archive Reports Proceedings of the Expert Level Seminar on Enhancement of Productivity and Profitability of Crops in India and ASEAN countries Proceedings of the Expert Level Seminar on Enhancement of Productivity and Profitability of Crops in India and ASEAN countries Highlights of Research Achievements Under AP Cess Fund Schemes ( ) ASRB Annual Report DARE/ICAR Annual Report ICAR Guidelines for Intellectual Property Management and Technology Transfer/ Commercialization More Highlights of Research Achievements Under AP Cess Fund Schemes ( ) ASRB Annual Report DARE/ICAR Annual Report ICAR Guidelines for Intellectual Property Management and Technology Transfer/ Commercialization More Miscellaneous Photo Gallery of 4 th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture Helpdesk for Information & Communication Discussion about Record Management in Director’s Conference Guidelines to Authors & Article Certificate ARS/NET Examination Syllabi Online GPF Status for ICAR HQ employees Online Article Status Hiring of Symposia, NASC Complex Photo Gallery of 4 th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture Helpdesk for Information & Communication Discussion about Record Management in Director’s Conference Guidelines to Authors & Article Certificate ARS/NET Examination Syllabi Online GPF Status for ICAR HQ employees Online Article Status Hiring of Symposia, NASC Complex Revised room rent charges in respect of various types of accommodation of ICAR Guest Houses ICAR Annual Accounts and Audit Report 2006–2007 Hindi / English Demand for Grant Parliament Questions Revised room rent charges in respect of various types of accommodation of ICAR Guest Houses Hindi English Demand for Grant arliament Questions News by DIPA ‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released.-. Scientists provide tips for Correcting Micronutrient Deficiencies in Paddy.-. XVI Dr B P Pal Memorial Lecture on ‘Research and Higher Education: Indian Challenges’.-.International Day for Biological Diversity, National Symposium on “Livestock Biodiversity Conservation & Utilization: Lessons from past and future perspectives”.-.Indian National Science Academy Honours PAU Soil Scientist.-.Pantnagar steps in to contain respiratory infection in Mules.-.Keep Muskmelon crop free from Downy Mildew-PAU experts.-.Development of Castor Depodder and Decorticator (Best if viewed in IE at 800X600 pixels resolution) ©Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi INDIA Saturday, June 6, 2009 Home Home | Jobs | Site Map | Feedback Jobs Site Map Feedback Success StoriesSuccess Stories Success Story - Commercial Goat Farming >>Vaccine for Plague (Peste des petits ruminants - PPR): A Disease of Small Ruminants. >>New Bleaching Material for Oil Refining. >>Organic Agro-processing Centre Established near Akola in Maharashtra. >>Eco-friendly Cotton Seed Delinting Plant. >>Success Story - Commercial Goat Farming >>Vaccine for Plague (Peste des petits ruminants - PPR): A Disease of Small Ruminants. >>New Bleaching Material for Oil Refining. >>Organic Agro-processing Centre Established near Akola in Maharashtra. >>Eco-friendly Cotton Seed Delinting Plant. >> Forms ASRB Advt No 02/2009 ASRB Advt No 02/2009 ASRB Advt No 01/2009 ASRB Application form 2007 for direct recruitment ASRB Score Card 2008(Revised) for direct recruitment ICAR Awards 2008 More >> ASRB Advt No 01/2009 ASRB Application form 2007 for direct recruitment ASRB Score Card 2008(Revised) for direct recruitment ICAR Awards 2008 More Sanjeev Gupta Project Coordinator Technology Interventions for Increasing Lentil Production in India All India Coordinated Research Project on MULLaRP (Mungbean, Urdbean, Lentil, Lathyrus, Rajmash and Peas) Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpu r

2 StateArea (Lakh ha) Production (Lakh tonnes) Productivity (kg/ha) Uttar Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Bihar West Bengal Assam Chattisg arh India Leading States in Lentil Production ( )

3 Cropping systemStates Fallow/ fodder sorghum-chickpea /lentilBundelkhand region of U.P. & M.P. Rice- Lentil/ chickpea/ fieldpeaEastern U.P., Bihar, Lentil in Rice FallowsWest Bengal, Assam, Eastern U.P., Chattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand Lentil in Cropping Systems

4 FeatureEastern IndiaCentral India Soil textureDeep alluvial and Calcareous Vertisols develop cracks Moisture availabilityExcessiveLack of moisture at planting ColdSevereMild to severe Nutrient DeficiencyP, Zn, BS, Zn, Mo AreasEast U.P., Bihar W.Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand Odisha M.P., Chattisgarh Lentil Cultivation in India

5 Constraints and Interventions ConstraintsInterventions Lack of suitable varietiesDevelopment of appropriate varieties Poor crop establishmentTillage machines, sowing methods, timely planting, seed priming Diseases (Rust, Wilt, Root rot) Resistant cultivars, IPM Modules Weed menaceUse of Post-emergence herbicides Terminal droughtEarly maturing cultivars Poor microbial activitySeed treatment Non availability of quality seeds Seed systems Poor TOTInnovative models

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7 StateVarieties Uttar PradeshPant L 406, Malika (K 75), Lens 4076, DPL 62 (Sheri), Narendra Masoor 1, L 4147, IPL 81 (Noori), IPL 406, HUL 57, KLS 218, WBL 77, Pant L 6, Pant L 7 BiharPant L 406, PL 639, Malika (K 75), Arun (PL ), NDL 2, WBL 58, HUL 57, KLS 218, WBL 77 Madhya Pradesh Malika (K 75), Lens 4076, IPL 81 (Noori), JL 3, IPL 406, IPL 316 Chattisgarh JL3, DPL 62, IPL 81, L4076, IPL 316 High Yielding Varieties

8 Short duration: IPL 81, JL1, JL3, KLS 218, WBL 77, Asha, Ranjan, HUL 57,Subrata Rice fallow: NDL 1, KLS 218, WBL 77, HUL 57 Large seeded: IPL 406, Sheri, JL 3, VL 507, L 4076, K 75 Rust resistance: HUL 57, KLS 218, Narendra Masoor 1,Narendra Masoor 2, Pant L 4, Pant L 5, DPL 62 Wilt resistance: DPL 62, JL 3 Varieties with specific features

9 SystemVarieties Rice FallowNDL 1, HUL 57, KLS 218, PL 639 Intercropping with Autumn Sugarcane K-75, PL 639, NDL 1, DPL 62 Rainfed Bundel khand region DPL 62, JL 3 Varieties for Specific Nitches

10 Production Technologies

11 Eastern U.P., Bihar- Second fortnight of November M.P., Bundelkhand: First fortnight of October Chhattisgarh: Sowing depends on cessation of monsoon rain and maturity of rice crop in utera system Sowing and Seed Rate Group Seed rate (kg/ha) Additional Information Bold seed55-60 Seed rate to be enhanced by 10-25% in event of delayed sowing to enhance the plant population In intercropping the seed rate to be decided according to proportionate area under each crop Small seed40-50

12 Seed Priming- a simple but effective trick Soaking seeds in water for 6-8 hrs and sowing of primed seed at 8-10 days before harvest of rice Improves germination, growth, plant stand and yield Seed priming in potassium hydroxide solution (5%) Seed priming in nutrient solution (0.01% ammonium molybdate) Backstop Research Sowing methods for primed seed with minimum tillage Interaction between Molybednum in solution, Rhizobium and seed priming in Acid soils

13 Fertilizer Application NutrientsFertilizer (kg/ha)Remarks Major nutrients 18 kg N, 46 kg P 2 O 5, 20 kg K 2 O + 20 kg S /ha Soil application as basal placement is ideal. 2% foliar application of Urea or DAP in rainfed conditions and rice fallows. Micro nutrients 25 kg Zn SO 4 /ha 10 kg borax/ha kg/ha ammonium molybdate/ha Micronutrients application in deficient areas based on soil test and deficiency symptoms. The fertilizer application in intercropping should be based on proportionate area under each crop in the system.

14 Spray of 2% urea/ pre-flowering stage Backstop Research Nutrition formulation with micronutrients, growth hormones and PGPR Seed palleting with nutrients Foliar Nutrition- a low cost effective intervention Effective in both under relay cropping or zero tillage system

15 Variety (s)Percentage of wilt infestationYield (kg/ha) Treated plotUntreated plotTreatedUntreated PL WBL HUL NDL Local Seed Treatment – a promising way Backstop Research Biocompatibility with biofertilizers and Trichoderma viride or Pseudomonas Microbial characterization of selected rice fallow soils

16  Flower initiation and pod filling stages are critical for moisture stress.  Moisture stress throughout the crop cycle reduces yield by 50%  Two irrigations (about 140 mm depth of water) at flower initiation and pod filling stages Water Management Crop Water requirement Chickpea120 – 190 mm Lentil100 – 120 mm Field pea120 – 140 mm Rajmash mm

17 Drainage channel 30 x 30 cm around the field Managing problem of water stagnation in Rice- fallow fields

18 Pendimethalin 30 EC 1.0 kg/ha fb PE 50g/ha Use of herbicides- an important intervention Pendimethain 30EC 1.0 kg/ha + Imazethapyr kg /ha Critical crop-weed competition period DAS

19 Technology for Rice Fallows High yielding wilt and rust resistant varieties: KLS 218, HUL 57, NM 1, Pant L 639, Pant L 406 Soaking seeds in water for 6-8 hrs (Seed priming) Sowing 6-8 days before harvest of rice Foliar spray of 2% urea/ DAP Yield gain: 35% About 5 lakh ha area can be brought under Utera system in Bihar, WB, Eastern UP, Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh (Kg/ha) Lentil (170) FLDs

20 Slit till drill ParticularsSpecificationField performance Source of power45 hp tractorTime, h/ha = 2.50 Type/no. of furrow openers Slit and Straw cutters/07 Narrow shoe type/07 Fuel used, I/ha = Row spacing, mm230Operational energy, MJ/ha = 565 Working width, mm160Cost of operation, Rs/ha = 1000 Drive wheelPeg type – side mounted-

21 (A)Opening furrow, placing fertilizer, seeds and covering of seeds (B) Manual furrow opener (C) Manually operated IIPR No- Till Drill (D) Tractor Operated Happy Seeder Mechanization Need A DC B

22 DiseasePathogenArea of High Intensity WiltFusarium oxysporum f.sp. lentis U.P., M.P., Bihar, Chhattisgarh RustUromyces fabaeEastern U.P., Bihar Collar rotSclerotium rolfsiiM.P., Chattisgarh Major Diseases and High Disease Intensity Areas

23 Integrated Disease Management Before Sowing –Deep summer ploughing –Selection of disease resistant varieties At the time of sowing: –Timely sowing to avoid rust –Seed treatment with Carbendazim + Thiram (1 + 2 g kg -1 seed), or Trichoderma (4 g) + carboxin (1 g) kg -1 seed –Intercropping with linseed (1:1) –Crop rotation with cereals for 3-5 years Standing crop: –Regular monitoring of the crop –Foliar spray of dimethoate 0.03 % in case of aphid infestation –Foliar spray of wettable sulphur ( %) or mancozeb (0.2%) against rust (Number of spray depends on the disease severity) –Removal of diseased plant debris

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25 Production

26 Lentil in rice-fallow

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