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Technology Interventions for Increasing Lentil Production in India

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1 Technology Interventions for Increasing Lentil Production in India
IMPORTANT WARNING      Beware of a fraudulent website calling for job applications. read more ... 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Speech by Shri Sharad Pawar, Hon'ble Union Minister of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution at the Foundation Day Celebrations of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences on June 4, 2009, at NASC Complex, Pusa, New Delhi      Result (Marks secured) of ICAR's ARS/NET-Exam 2007 held on 25th May      Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Fellowship      Result of ICAR - SRF (PGS) Examination ( ) for Ph.D. Admission, without SRF      Guidelines for ICAR International Fellowship as approved by the Council      Selection of Emeritus Scientist      Download Admitcard for All India Entrance Examination for Admission to UG Programme 2009( AIEEA-UG-2009) Notice:Major/Broad discipline of Fisheries Science for ARS/NET Examination Roll Nos & Venues of ARS/NET Examination-2009 Result of ARS Provisional result of National Eligibility Test 2007 List of physically handicapped candidates provisionally qualified in NET Proceedings of the Vice Chancellors Conference of 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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Home | Jobs | Site Map | Feedback Home | Jobs | Site Map | Feedback Technology Interventions for Increasing Lentil Production in India Sanjeev Gupta Project Coordinator All India Coordinated Research Project on MULLaRP (Mungbean, Urdbean, Lentil, Lathyrus, Rajmash and Peas) Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur News by DIPA ‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released .-. Scientists provide tips for Correcting Micronutrient Deficiencies in Paddy .-. XVI Dr B P Pal Memorial Lecture on ‘Research and Higher Education: Indian Challenges’.-.International Day for Biological Diversity, National Symposium on “Livestock Biodiversity Conservation & Utilization: Lessons from past and future perspectives”.-.Indian National Science Academy Honours PAU Soil Scientist.-.Pantnagar steps in to contain respiratory infection in Mules.-.Keep Muskmelon crop free from Downy Mildew-PAU experts.-.Development of Castor Depodder and Decorticator News by DIPA ‘State Of Indian Agriculture’ - Book Released .-. Scientists provide tips for Correcting Micronutrient Deficiencies in Paddy .-. XVI Dr B P Pal Memorial Lecture on ‘Research and Higher Education: Indian Challenges’.-.International Day for Biological Diversity, National Symposium on “Livestock Biodiversity Conservation & Utilization: Lessons from past and future perspectives”.-.Indian National Science Academy Honours PAU Soil Scientist.-.Pantnagar steps in to contain respiratory infection in Mules.-.Keep Muskmelon crop free from Downy Mildew-PAU experts.-.Development of Castor Depodder and Decorticator Success Stories Success Story - Commercial Goat Farming >> Vaccine for Plague (Peste des petits ruminants - PPR): A Disease of Small Ruminants. >> New Bleaching Material for Oil Refining. >> Organic Agro-processing Centre Established near Akola in Maharashtra. >> Eco-friendly Cotton Seed Delinting Plant. >> Success Stories Success Story - Commercial Goat Farming >> Vaccine for Plague (Peste des petits ruminants - PPR): A Disease of Small Ruminants. >> New Bleaching Material for Oil Refining. >> Organic Agro-processing Centre Established near Akola in Maharashtra. >> Eco-friendly Cotton Seed Delinting Plant. >> Forms ASRB Advt No 02/2009      ASRB Advt No 01/2009 ASRB Application form 2007 for direct recruitment ASRB Score Card 2008(Revised) for direct recruitment ICAR Awards 2008 More >> Forms ASRB Advt No 02/2009      ASRB Advt No 01/2009 ASRB Application form 2007 for direct recruitment ASRB Score Card 2008(Revised) for direct recruitment ICAR Awards 2008 More >> (Best if viewed in IE at 800X600 pixels resolution) ©Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi INDIA Saturday, June 6, 2009 (Best if viewed in IE at 800X600 pixels resolution) ©Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi INDIA Saturday, June 6, 2009

2 Leading States in Lentil Production
( ) State Area (Lakh ha) Production (Lakh tonnes) Productivity (kg/ha) Uttar Pradesh 5.7 5.0 881 Madhya Pradesh 6.2 2.3 371 Bihar 1.70 1.7 1019 West Bengal 0.60 0.41 695 Assam 0.23 0.11 502 Chattisgarh 0.15 0.05 336 India 15.6 10.6 678

3 Lentil in Cropping Systems
States Fallow/ fodder sorghum-chickpea /lentil Bundelkhand region of U.P. & M.P. Rice- Lentil/ chickpea/ fieldpea Eastern U.P., Bihar, Lentil in Rice Fallows West Bengal, Assam, Eastern U.P., Chattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand

4 Lentil Cultivation in India
Feature Eastern India Central India Soil texture Deep alluvial and Calcareous Vertisols develop cracks Moisture availability Excessive Lack of moisture at planting Cold Severe Mild to severe Nutrient Deficiency P, Zn, B S, Zn, Mo Areas East U.P., Bihar W.Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand Odisha M.P., Chattisgarh

5 Constraints and Interventions
Lack of suitable varieties Development of appropriate varieties Poor crop establishment Tillage machines, sowing methods, timely planting, seed priming Diseases (Rust, Wilt, Root rot) Resistant cultivars, IPM Modules Weed menace Use of Post-emergence herbicides Terminal drought Early maturing cultivars Poor microbial activity Seed treatment Non availability of quality seeds Seed systems Poor TOT Innovative models

6 Technologies for Increasing Lentil Production
High yielding varieties Production Technologies Integrated Disease and Insect Management

7 High Yielding Varieties
State Varieties Uttar Pradesh Pant L 406, Malika (K 75), Lens 4076, DPL 62 (Sheri), Narendra Masoor 1, L 4147, IPL 81 (Noori), IPL 406, HUL 57, KLS 218, WBL 77, Pant L 6, Pant L 7 Bihar Pant L 406, PL 639, Malika (K 75), Arun (PL 77-12), NDL 2, WBL 58, HUL 57, KLS 218, WBL 77 Madhya Pradesh Malika (K 75), Lens 4076, IPL 81 (Noori), JL 3, IPL 406, IPL 316 Chattisgarh JL3, DPL 62, IPL 81, L4076, IPL 316

8 Varieties with specific features
Short duration : IPL 81, JL1, JL3, KLS 218, WBL 77, Asha, Ranjan, HUL 57,Subrata Rice fallow : NDL 1, KLS 218, WBL 77, HUL 57 Large seeded : IPL 406, Sheri, JL 3, VL 507, L 4076, K 75 Rust resistance : HUL 57, KLS 218, Narendra Masoor ,Narendra Masoor 2, Pant L 4, Pant L 5, DPL 62 Wilt resistance : DPL 62, JL 3

9 Varieties for Specific Nitches
System Varieties Rice Fallow NDL 1, HUL 57, KLS 218, PL 639 Intercropping with Autumn Sugarcane K-75, PL 639, NDL 1, DPL 62 Rainfed Bundel khand region DPL 62, JL 3

10 Production Technologies

11 Additional Information
Sowing and Seed Rate Eastern U.P., Bihar- Second fortnight of November M.P., Bundelkhand: First fortnight of October Chhattisgarh: Sowing depends on cessation of monsoon rain and maturity of rice crop in utera system Group Seed rate (kg/ha) Additional Information Bold seed 55-60 Seed rate to be enhanced by 10-25% in event of delayed sowing to enhance the plant population In intercropping the seed rate to be decided according to proportionate area under each crop Small seed 40-50

12 Seed Priming- a simple but effective trick
Soaking seeds in water for 6-8 hrs and sowing of primed seed at 8-10 days before harvest of rice Seed priming in potassium hydroxide solution (5%) Seed priming in nutrient solution (0.01% ammonium molybdate) Backstop Research Sowing methods for primed seed with minimum tillage Interaction between Molybednum in solution, Rhizobium and seed priming in Acid soils Improves germination, growth, plant stand and yield

13 Fertilizer Application
Nutrients Fertilizer (kg/ha) Remarks Major nutrients 18 kg N, 46 kg P2O5 , 20 kg K2O + 20 kg S /ha Soil application as basal placement is ideal. 2% foliar application of Urea or DAP in rainfed conditions and rice fallows. Micro nutrients 25 kg Zn SO4/ha 10 kg borax/ha 1-1.5 kg/ha ammonium molybdate/ha Micronutrients application in deficient areas based on soil test and deficiency symptoms. The fertilizer application in intercropping should be based on proportionate area under each crop in the system.

14 Foliar Nutrition- a low cost effective intervention
Spray of 2% urea/ pre-flowering stage Backstop Research Nutrition formulation with micronutrients, growth hormones and PGPR Seed palleting with nutrients Effective in both under relay cropping or zero tillage system

15 Seed Treatment – a promising way Percentage of wilt infestation
Variety (s) Percentage of wilt infestation Yield (kg/ha) Treated plot Untreated plot Treated Untreated PL-6 04.00 09.00 15.60 14.20 WBL-77 08.00 14.00 15.00 14.10 HUL-57 16.00 24.00 14.40 13.70 NDL-1 07.00 13.00 15.30 14.70 Local 21.00 29.00 08.80 08.20 Backstop Research Biocompatibility with biofertilizers and Trichoderma viride or Pseudomonas Microbial characterization of selected rice fallow soils

16 Water Management Crop Chickpea 120 – 190 mm Lentil 100 – 120 mm
Water requirement Chickpea 120 – 190 mm Lentil 100 – 120 mm Field pea 120 – 140 mm Rajmash mm Flower initiation and pod filling stages are critical for moisture stress. Moisture stress throughout the crop cycle reduces yield by 50% Two irrigations (about 140 mm depth of water) at flower initiation and pod filling stages

17 Managing problem of water stagnation in Rice- fallow fields
Drainage channel 30 x 30 cm around the field

18 Pendimethalin 30 EC 1.0 kg/ha fb PE Quizalofop @ 50g/ha
Use of herbicides- an important intervention Pendimethalin 30 EC 1.0 kg/ha fb PE 50g/ha Pendimethain 30EC 1.0 kg/ha + Imazethapyr 2EC @ kg /ha Critical crop-weed competition period DAS

19 Technology for Rice Fallows
High yielding wilt and rust resistant varieties: KLS 218, HUL 57, NM 1, Pant L 639, Pant L 406 Soaking seeds in water for 6-8 hrs (Seed priming) Sowing 6-8 days before harvest of rice Foliar spray of 2% urea/ DAP Yield gain: 35% About 5 lakh ha area can be brought under Utera system in Bihar, WB, Eastern UP, Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh (Kg/ha) Lentil (170) FLDs

20 Slit till drill Particulars Specification Field performance
Source of power 45 hp tractor Time, h/ha = 2.50 Type/no. of furrow openers Slit and Straw cutters/07 Narrow shoe type/07 Fuel used, I/ha = 10.00 Row spacing, mm 230 Operational energy , MJ/ha = 565 Working width, mm 160 Cost of operation, Rs/ha = 1000 Drive wheel Peg type – side mounted -

21 Mechanization Need A B C D (A)Opening furrow, placing fertilizer, seeds and covering of seeds (B) Manual furrow opener (C) Manually operated IIPR No- Till Drill (D) Tractor Operated Happy Seeder

22 Major Diseases and High Disease Intensity Areas
Pathogen Area of High Intensity Wilt Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lentis U.P., M.P., Bihar, Chhattisgarh Rust Uromyces fabae Eastern U.P., Bihar Collar rot Sclerotium rolfsii M.P., Chattisgarh

23 Integrated Disease Management
Before Sowing Deep summer ploughing Selection of disease resistant varieties At the time of sowing: Timely sowing to avoid rust Seed treatment with Carbendazim + Thiram (1 + 2 g kg-1 seed), or Trichoderma (4 g) + carboxin (1 g) kg-1 seed Intercropping with linseed (1:1) Crop rotation with cereals for 3-5 years Standing crop: Regular monitoring of the crop Foliar spray of dimethoate 0.03 % in case of aphid infestation Foliar spray of wettable sulphur ( %) or mancozeb (0.2%) against rust (Number of spray depends on the disease severity) Removal of diseased plant debris

24 Front Line Demonstrations
Mean Yield Gain (%) (1454) 23.6 21.0 20.3 13.1 24.7 41.9 Component Improved Varieties Rhizobium inoculation Sulphur Application IPM Weed Management Full Package

25 Breeder Seed Production
(q) 414.34 515.96 578.60 498.65 537.06 916.37 Production Year

26 Lentil in rice-fallow

27 Thanks


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