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International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, 2011 0 INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE ‘SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’ CONCEPT IN URBAN PLANNING EDUCATION:

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Presentation on theme: "International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, 2011 0 INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE ‘SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’ CONCEPT IN URBAN PLANNING EDUCATION:"— Presentation transcript:

1 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE ‘SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’ CONCEPT IN URBAN PLANNING EDUCATION: A BULGARIAN PATH ElenaDimitrova Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture, University of Architecture, Civil Engineering & Geodesy, Sofia German Commission for UNESCO International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility of the Nottingham University Business School Copernicus Alliance The “Higher Education“ Working Group of the UN Decade in Germany (AG Hochschule) 4 th International Conference on Higher Education for Sustainable Development, September 14-16, 2011, Leuphana University of Lüneburg

2 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, ISSUES TO DISCUSS  Planning education for sustainable development (SD) in context  The ‘sustainable development’ topic in the Programme in Urbanism at UACEG, Sofia  The partnership challenge  Education effectiveness: evaluating what and how?  Lessons learned: SD education success factors

3 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, PLANNING EDUCATION FOR SD DEVELOPMENT: peculiarities and contextual aspects Urban Planning is:  A border area between technical, social, cultural, political, managerial considerations  Integrating a broader range of key SD issues and competences  Requires action-oriented professional knowledge and skills  Contextually sensitive – ways of life, value systems, economic frameworks

4 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT: planning education challenges  Education of professionals for SD is about: Enhancing awareness/ appreciation about the importance and urgency of the concept Accumulation of knowledge – theoretical and practical Developing critical thinking and creative abilities Building self-confidence and motivation for action  Needed capacities comprise: Specific knowledge and skills within the professional field Ability to integrate technical, social, humanitarian and natural sciences.  Education for SD is not a linear process

5 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, BULGARIA in European process and space below – – – – – 125 above 125 Regional differences in GDP EU 27 index = 100

6 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, POST-SOCIALIST BULGARIAN CITIES: changing urban context  Urban management – decentralization, changes in land ownership, quality decrease in urban services; inadequacy of legislation and normative basis; emergence of the civil sector.  Urban way of life – higher living standards and mobility in some social groups, broader market opportunities social stratification an spatial segregation.  Urban planning – emerging focus on strategic and integrated planning, EU influence – funding schemes and programmes, lack of experience in coordinating strategic and operational planning.  Urban structures – new urban development, densification, pressure on public green space, urban sprawl.

7 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, Sofia: urban transformations and urban images 2009

8 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SOFIA: INCREASED URBAN MOBILITY urban processes and urban values

9 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SOFIA: BUILDING PRESSURE housing in the periphery Increasing market pressure in fashionable residential quarters, 20007

10 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16,

11 10 The Students’ town, a new residential building on restituted land, 2000s SOFIA 2000s: planning effects of urban land restitution The Students’ town, student hostels from 1980s Building permits (red contours) on public urban greenery (restituted urban land) in housing estates 4/25/2015

12 11 BULGARIAN PLANNING SYSTEM: tasks and challenges  Re-thinking existing plans  Developing new planning instruments;  Building institutional capacity  Involving new actors in new types of interactions  Building a relevant information database  Acting within extremely dynamic urban processes  Dealing with competing/conflicting demands  Providing for transparency of the planning process 4/25/2015

13 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD EDUCATION in the programme in URBANISM at UACEG  Programme development: BSc since 2002 (TEMPUS result), MSc since 2006;  Structure of the SD teaching modules: SD1 (compulsory) in Year 1, sem.2; SD2 (optional) in Year 2, sem.3  Principles of the educational approach Introducing the SD concept from the very beginning; Providing basic professional knowledge alongside with stimulating intellectual curiosity and ethical debate; Linking theory (SD1) to local municipal practice (SD2); Linking educational activities to ongoing research and practice projects, case-study based approach

14 4/25/ SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN SPACE Pressure on the environmentQuality of life  Use of resources, energy and territory  Waste generation  Health aspects  Economic aspects  Social and sociocultural aspects  Aspects of physical environment Sustainable development criteria Social and cultural dimensions Technical and economic dimensions Temporal dimensions Spatial dimensions EFFECTIVENESS of resource use of consumption ACCESSIBILITY of resources of products

15 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD1 MODULE Topic 1: The sustainable development idea Educational messagesInformation sources, didactic materials Type of communication in seminars It is about Life and the Earth - a lasting relationship in history with philosophical and cultural dimensions. The film of Baraka (Fricke, 1992) no immediate comment; a written essay It happens here and now – it is urgent, everything matters, everyone is responsible. The Ecological Footprint Quiz (Redefining Progress, 2002) On-line filled in and sent back; seminar discussion.

16 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD1 MODULE Topic 2: The theoretical discourse and the political process Educational messages Information sources, didactic materials communication in seminars It is an ongoing debate There are many voices to hear and respect (South– North and East-West). Find out your own arguments. Rio Summit documents, Global Vision interviews; Kyoto Protocol Individual reporting and discussions

17 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD1 MODULE Topic 3: Spatial aspects of sustainability Educational messages Information sources, didactic materials Communication in seminars Urban space is the stage where human development happens - the city is an ecosystem; the city is a cultural process; the city as a complex technical system. Cities,People,Planet (Girardet, 2004) COST C8 and C11 Individual reports and group discussions on case studies Spatial planning is a chance to influence (yet not predefine) social and cultural processes. EU documents in spatial planning The professional responsibilities – making decision making transparent and understandable; addressing complexity and interdisciplinarity. Indicators, GIS applications; International research;

18 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD 1 MODULE Topic 4: The interdisciplinarity challenge Educational messages Information sources, didactic materials communication in seminars Energy efficiency - interrelatedness of dimensions; the importance of international cooperation Bulgarian EcoEnergy network A simulation game to outline actors and conflicts; Individual reports; Group discussions on problems and solutions. Urban Health and relation to urban equity The Healthy Cities Project Waste management – issues of urban metabolism and governance The case of Sofia; EU experience Tourism development – social impacts, the role of action research The case of Bansko ski resort, Pirin mountain, Bulgaria

19 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD 2 MODULE in the BSc in Urbanism Programme  SD2 module contents : 9 case studies developed in the period 2003/ /11  Topics addressed : modes of use of public green space / potentials and conflicts; tourism development strategies; chances to take under economic restructuring (small mining settlements); SD in Bulgarian peripheral / border regions. the preservation/ development balance  Number of participating students: 5 to 14  Team working

20 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD II MODULE : Linking Theory to Practice (1) TopicCase studyPartnership withIssues focused upon Public urban space BerkovitsaFP5 PETUS Project, Municipality Development alternatives for a square and a town park undergoing changes as a result of restitution and privatization. Gabrovo and Dobrich FP5 PETUS Project, Municipality Modes of use of public urban green space; existing capacity to implement EU evaluation tools for urban sustainability Vrabnitsa, Sofia AU-BG research project, Administrative unit Governance approaches to the development potential of empty urban spaces

21 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD II MODULE: Linking Theory to Practice (2) TopicCase studyPartnership with Issues focused upon Challenges of post- industrial development TvarditsaREADY project, INTERREG IIIB Development opportunities for small monofunctional mining settlements BelovoMunicipalityDevelopment potential and strategic alternatives LuckiMunicipality, Local NGO Economic restructuring and underestimated local development potential

22 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SD II MODULE : Linking Theory To Practice (3) TopicCase studyPartnership withIssues focused upon Strategies forTourism development SamokovMunicipalityComparative analysis of two modes of tourism development Development in peripheral regions IvaylovgradMunicipality, Local cultural centre, Youth NGO Overcoming weaknesses of sparsely populated peripheral territories- aspects of mobility, waste management and cultural identity Mobility and demand responsive traffic RazlogMMOVE, INTERREG IVC, municipality, consultancy company The transfer and applicability of European good practices in spatial planning and management – demand responsive public transport, parking, cycling paths

23 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, ‘SD’ PARTNERSHIPS: The ‘SD Team’ of the Programme A flexible network of people – professionals and citizens - who share the idea that:  The Earth is more than a sum of resources to manage and utilise – it should be respected;  Quality of life is measured by the chances provided for creative action and spiritual development;  Facing SD challenges requires professional competence but also sensitivity to development ethics and environmental justice.

24 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, ‘SD’ PARTNERSHIPS within the educational field  UACEG - the academic staff at the Faculty of Architecture;  TEMPUS Joint European Projects (JEP) –universities from UK, Ireland, Italy, etc.  AESOP (Association of European Schools of Planning)  EESD (Engineering Education for sustainable development)  ERASMUS Programme – students from France, Austria and Spain  Colleagues from TU-Vienna – Sozopol project  A PhD student from Algeria

25 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, ‘SD’ PARTNERSHIPS with research  Bulgarian National Science Fund –late 1990s;  FP5, PETUS Project, , 8 European partner institutions  ASO-Sofia (Austrian Federal Ministry of Science) - Austrian-Bulgarian research cooperation, BOKU, Vienna,  COST Action C20 (The Urban Knowledge Arena),  University Research budget, 2009, 2011

26 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, ‘SD’ PARTNERSHIPS with Bulgarian planning practice and governance  Bulgarian municipalities - still limited local expertise and urgency of the requirement to meet EU standards;  General appreciation of the potential benefit of the partnership;  Building trust is sometimes a long process;  Most effective partnerships are built where research funding was also available.

27 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, ‘ SD’ PARTNERSHIPS with the NGO sector The NGO sector is a newly developing one in the country, estimated need for expert support  Eneffect - Centre for Energy Efficiency– specialized, national and international level;  Scouts’ Land, local youth NGO, Lucki municipality  ZAEDNO – Communication for Support and Development Foundation, solidarity actions, NGO networking through Internet  Green School Village – sustainable development in rural areas through changing personal way of life.

28 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, THE ‘STUDENTS-TEACHERS’ PARTNERSHIP  Supportive and reliable, eager to invent  Enthusiastically searching and/or critical to approaches and results, insisting on : “More time for contacts” “Teachers listening longer to our opinion”  Estimation of important factors (both beginners and advanced ones): Direct contacts with real-life places and actors Relating visions to reality Proving the relevance of the professional intervention Team working

29 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, PARTNERSHIP ETHICS: lessons learned In building lasting partnerships it proves important to be:  PROACTIVE in identifying and approaching potential allies and partners;  HONEST about the vision/strategy proposed and about the expectations on support and benefits;  DIALOGICAL – open to criticism and respectful to differences in points of view;  PATIENT in building common language and trust;  SELF-REFLECTIVE on current results  FOCUSED ON PRIORITIES while keeping OPEN- MINDED to a broad horizon and a long-term perspective.

30 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, PLANNING EDUCATION FOR SD: Evaluating what and how?  Evaluate what Awareness about the SD concept Professional capacity for analytical and integrative approaches Communication skills Personal attitude and motivation for action  Evaluate how Direct feedback – exams, surveys, interviews Indirect feedback – course and diploma works, further professional development  Evaluation results positive indications; identified shortcomings need for more in-depth analyses

31 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, Lucky project, SD2 module, 2008/09: in partnership with Scouts’ Land NGO Discussing development alternatives after the mine closes down: photo tourism, biological agriculture, teleworking, green school

32 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, LUCKY PROJECT, SD2 module, 2008: students’ estimation of project results Question: What were the three most important things you learned from this project?  “We came to know a marvellous place and I hope we could contribute to a better future for its inhabitants”  “Team working – I came to be more patient and self-content”  “How such a small settlement could reveal a development potential in so diverse and interesting aspects”  “Everything is possible when there are people willing to do it”  “I could contribute to a sustainable mode of existence”

33 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, And something more …

34 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, SOZOPOL PROJECT, 2007/2008: Between preservation & development  MSc Programme in Urbanism  One-year long educational project,  In partnership with TU-Vienna  Jointly with specialised modules in ICZM and in Integrated Planning

35 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, Partners: Department of Urban planning, Centre of Regional Planning and Development, TU-Vienna; Department of Urban planning, UACG, Sofia Participants: 14 students from UACG, Sofia, 11 students from TU- Vienna (Austria, Italy, Turkey) from the fields of urban planning and architecture, working in 4 international teams. Project aim: to investigate the possibilities for real-life action concerning:  Investigation on forms of EU and national funding;  Various actors’ responsibilities in the process of self-organization,  Arenas of dialogue, interaction and partnership – needed and possible ones;  Required new knowledge and skills.

36 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16,

37 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, TEAM А: “SOZOPOL ARENA 2020+”

38 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, TEAM B: “BUILDING THE SOZOPOL-PRIMORSKO REGION AND THE LEADER+ PROGRAMME”

39 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, TEAM С: “FREE HORIZON”

40 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, TEAM D: “A RECIPEE FOR A TASTY MUNICIPALITY”

41 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, STUDENTS’ ESTIMATION OF PROJECT RESULTS: Sozopol International Project, 2008 Question: What was the most inspiring moment in this project?  “Any moment when I realised I was capable of doing things, and my colleagues were capable as well; any moment when I was able to realise that there is a sense in doing things – and most of all, any moment when I had the need - and not the obligation - to go ahead. This last one was - at least for me – a completely new feeling.”

42 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16,

43 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16,  SD2, BSc in Urbanism  winter semester, 2009/2010  Links the educational process to an ongoing NGO project on sustainable regional development – funded by an international organization after a competition;  The project was developed and submitted by current and ex-students of the Programme in Urbanism at UACG IVAYLOVGRAD PROJECT, 2009/10: a value based approach (1)

44 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, IVAYLOVGRAD MUNICIPALITY: past and present

45 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, IVAYLOVGRAD MUNICIPALITY: past and present

46 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, IVAYLOVGRAD MUNICIPALITY: past and present

47 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, IVAYLOVGRAD project: the initiators

48 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, THE UNIVERSITY IN THE PROCESS Content analysis: answers to 4 questions What do you like best in your town? What do you like least? What do you what to be changed ? What would you do to change it?

49 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, Do you like living here? What traditions have you kept alive? How do you spend your free time? What would you show to a visitor?

50 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, IVAYLOVGRAD PROJECT: building on social capital

51 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, BSc in Urbanism Diploma work

52 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, MSc in Urbanism Diploma work The student town in Sofia

53 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16,

54 4/25/2015 NTUA, April 2011, ERASMUS Exchange Programme 53 MSc diploma work, 2011: Gabrovo Municipality spatial development concept

55 4/25/2015 NTUA, April 2011, ERASMUS Exchange Programme 54 MSc diploma work, 2011: Gabrovo Municipality spatial development concept

56 4/25/2015 NTUA, April 2011, ERASMUS Exchange Programme 55 MSc diploma work, 2011: Gabrovo Municipality spatial development concept

57 4/25/2015 NTUA, April 2011, ERASMUS Exchange Programme 56 MSc diploma work, 2011: Gabrovo Municipality spatial development concept

58 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, PLANNING EDUCATION FOR SD: success factors  INTERPRETING REAL-LIFE SITUATIONS – learning about the complexity of problems and the variety of conflicts, stimulating motivation for action  LINKING EDUCATION TO ACTION RESEARCH - methodological support  BUILDING UPON INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION situating local processes into a broader context, building awareness about peculiarities and common trends

59 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16,  Initiated RESEARCH on the SD educational process in UACEG: on SD education in Architecture, 2008/09; on integrated educational approach to sustainable urban development issues; 2009/10)  RESEARCH FINDINGS Growing number of disciplines in the curriculum addressing SD issues Lack of common SD message and educational strategy in the University and largely uncovered border areas between disciplines Lack of structured debate on integral SD education; Low awareness about SD among 1 st year students  RESEARCH PROPOSALS Development of integrated database on selected case-studies; Definition of case-study selection criteria, contents and structure to promote interdisciplinary dialogue; Integral methodology of addressing SD issues at different educational stages PLANNING EDUCATION FOR SD: challenges to face

60 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16,  BUILDING A NEW PROFESSIONAL CULTURE sensitive to the priority and urgency of the SD concept needs time and persistency - and continual efforts in developing alliances around it.  THE SD MESSAGE needs to provide space for individual value choices and contextual interpretation of priorities.  ACHIEVING VISIBLE REAL-LIFE CHANGE is crucial in building students’ self-confidence about the effectiveness of the efforts;  LONG-LASTING EFFECTS OF EDUCATION are that matter as they provide a new capacity for crossing borders - both in professional and cultural fields. CONCLUSION

61 International HESD Conference, Luneburg, September 14-16, THANK YOU! Questions, comments and ideas about future collaboration are very welcome at


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