2What is a Political Party? A group of individuals outside of government who organizeto win elections, to operate the government, and determinepublic policy.
3The Three Dimensions of Political Parties The Party in the Electorate: eligible voters who describethemselves as members of a political party.2. The Party Organization: national, state, local.3. The Party in the Government: all candidates who have wonelections.
4What Political Parties Do: Select CandidatesInform and inspire the PublicCoordinate Policy MakingBalance Interests within the PartyServe as the ‘loyal opposition’Run CampaignsRaise Money
5The Two Party SystemHistorically, two major political parties have dominated national politics, due to single-member districts, winner-take all elections and consensus on major issues.Currently, the Republican Party and the Democratic Party dominate politics.Third Parties: political parties that develop when people believe certain needs and values are not being addressed properly by the major parties.
6The Two Party System Minor parties in American politics Constitution PartyAmerica First PartyReform PartyGreen PartySocialist PartyCommunist Party