Presentation on theme: "POLITICAL PARTIES. What is a Political Party? A group of individuals outside of government who organize to win elections, to operate the government, and."— Presentation transcript:
What is a Political Party? A group of individuals outside of government who organize to win elections, to operate the government, and determine public policy.
The Three Dimensions of Political Parties 1.The Party in the Electorate: eligible voters who describe themselves as members of a political party. 2. The Party Organization: national, state, local. 3. The Party in the Government: all candidates who have won elections.
What Political Parties Do: 1.Select Candidates 2.Inform and inspire the Public 3.Coordinate Policy Making 4.Balance Interests within the Party 5.Serve as the ‘loyal opposition’ 6.Run Campaigns 7.Raise Money
The Two Party System Historically, two major political parties have dominated national politics, due to single-member districts, winner-take all elections and consensus on major issues. Currently, the Republican Party and the Democratic Party dominate politics. Third Parties: political parties that develop when people believe certain needs and values are not being addressed properly by the major parties.
The Two Party System Minor parties in American politics Constitution Party America First Party Reform Party Green Party Socialist Party Communist Party