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The Soviet Experiment. Russian Civil War  The Bolshevik (red) army easily defeated the Menshevik (white) army.  Leon Trotsky led the Red Army.

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Presentation on theme: "The Soviet Experiment. Russian Civil War  The Bolshevik (red) army easily defeated the Menshevik (white) army.  Leon Trotsky led the Red Army."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Soviet Experiment

2 Russian Civil War  The Bolshevik (red) army easily defeated the Menshevik (white) army.  Leon Trotsky led the Red Army.

3 A dictatorship of the proletariat  Led by Lenin

4 War communism  The govt. ran the banks, transport system, and heavy industry.  Grain was seized from peasants to feed soldiers and working class.

5 The Cheka- Russian Secret Police

6 Problems in Mother Russia  Strikes  Discontent peasants resisted the taking of their grain  The Baltic Fleet Mutinied, Red Army crushes the rebellion.

7 New Economic Policy  Peasants were permitted to farm for profit  Failed because there were few products that farmers were able to purchase  Russia now became a land of small family farmers

8 Politburo  Governing committee of the Communist Party.  Opposed the NEP  Lenin suffers a stroke in 1922.

9 Trotsky Vs. Stalin

10 Trotsky’s Position  Urged for rapid industrialization paid by farm production.  Agriculture should be collectivized.

11 Stalin’s Position  More brutal  Supported collectivization of all landholdings and that communism could be successful in Russia alone.

12 Trotsky Exiled  Removed from office, expelled from party and exiled to Siberia.  Moved to Mexico where he was assassinated by Stalin’s agents.

13 The 3 rd International  Comintern- worked to make the Bolshevik model of socialism, the model for socialist parties outside of U.S.S.R.

14 The Destruction of Democratic Socialism  Accused non-supporters of the Comintern of betraying the working class.  Created competing socialist parties in most of Europe.  Non-socialists begin to fear the rise of the Communist- style governments.

15 Class Work  Using pages , describe the role of women and the family in the early Soviet Union.


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