Presentation on theme: "The Soviet Experiment. Russian Civil War The Bolshevik (red) army easily defeated the Menshevik (white) army. Leon Trotsky led the Red Army."— Presentation transcript:
The Soviet Experiment
Russian Civil War The Bolshevik (red) army easily defeated the Menshevik (white) army. Leon Trotsky led the Red Army.
A dictatorship of the proletariat Led by Lenin
War communism The govt. ran the banks, transport system, and heavy industry. Grain was seized from peasants to feed soldiers and working class.
The Cheka- Russian Secret Police
Problems in Mother Russia 1920-21 Strikes Discontent peasants resisted the taking of their grain The Baltic Fleet Mutinied, Red Army crushes the rebellion.
New Economic Policy Peasants were permitted to farm for profit Failed because there were few products that farmers were able to purchase Russia now became a land of small family farmers
Politburo Governing committee of the Communist Party. Opposed the NEP Lenin suffers a stroke in 1922.
Trotsky Vs. Stalin
Trotsky’s Position Urged for rapid industrialization paid by farm production. Agriculture should be collectivized.
Stalin’s Position More brutal Supported collectivization of all landholdings and that communism could be successful in Russia alone.
Trotsky Exiled Removed from office, expelled from party and exiled to Siberia. Moved to Mexico where he was assassinated by Stalin’s agents.
The 3 rd International Comintern- worked to make the Bolshevik model of socialism, the model for socialist parties outside of U.S.S.R.
The Destruction of Democratic Socialism Accused non-supporters of the Comintern of betraying the working class. Created competing socialist parties in most of Europe. Non-socialists begin to fear the rise of the Communist- style governments.
Class Work Using pages 885-886, describe the role of women and the family in the early Soviet Union.