Presentation on theme: "The Giver Analysis. Historical Significgance Sir Thomas More wrote his 1516 book Of the Best State of a Republic, and of the New Island Utopia, the term."— Presentation transcript:
Historical Significgance Sir Thomas More wrote his 1516 book Of the Best State of a Republic, and of the New Island Utopia, the term "utopia" has been used to describe apparently perfect societies that have attained an ideal social and political structure that protects the people from the worst ills of humankind.
Moore's book featured many aspects of communalism, such as a lack of private ownership, an equitable distribution of work, and an emphasis on order over chaos. (A form of Socialism?) a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.
Dystopian Novels like the Giver often emphasize socialist values as a key aspect of their societies while showing the thin line between an orderly society and a repressive, dystopian one. (from the Greek δυσ- and τόπος, alternatively, cacotopia, kakotopia, cackotopia, or anti- utopia) is a community or society that is in some important way undesirable or frightening. It is the opposite of a utopia.
often characterized by dehumanization,  totalitarian governments, envi ronmental disaster,  or other characteristics associated with a cataclysmic decline in society. Dystopian societies appear in many sub-genres of fiction and are often used to draw attention to real-world issues regarding society, environment, politics, economics, religion, psychology, ethics, science, and/ortechnology, which if unaddressed could potentially lead to such a dystopia-like condition. totalitarianenvi ronmental disaster environmentpoliticseconomicsreligionpsychologyethicssciencetechnology
Other important works 1984 RUR A Clockwork Orange Fareinheight 451 The Hunger Games To name a few…
Roles in society Historically, many communities that were founded as experiments in utopia tried to honor socialist values such as egalitarianism and the common good, both of which are reflected in the beginning chapters of The Giver. Jonas's society has no class divisions; even though Jonas's mother refers to the position of Birthmother as lacking honor, all citizens are born from these Birthmothers whose role is consequently recognized as an essential, if less desirable Assignment in societyJonas
the people in Jonas's society do not seem to have any concept of greed because they lack a currency and are all distributed food and other items according to their needs. Jonas is taught from a young age to share and treat others equally, and his society seems at first to be close to utopian.
Many novels that portray dystopian societies such as George Orwell's Animal Farm and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World join The Giver in showing how fine the line often is between the ideal and the repressive.Animal FarmBrave New World
Brave New World depicts a highly ordered society that has achieved world peace and stability, but they have to resort to machinations such as drug use to reduce the desire of the society's citizens to revolt and otherwise ruin their artificial utopia. Similarly, the "fairy story" of Animal Farm begins as an allegory of the Russian Revolution and subsequent Bolshevik Revolution in Imperial Russia in 1917, as the idealist farm animals seek to throw off the imperialist rule of their human farmer. However, they quickly find that although they enumerate such values as the equality of all animals, the leaders of the revolution become corrupted in their success and resort to harsh measures to repress the other farm animals.