Presentation on theme: "ENGLISH PROJECT N:02 A CONSERVATION PLAN. Naturel resources : are the necessary wealth created by God for the service of man and the continuation of life."— Presentation transcript:
ENGLISH PROJECT N:02 A CONSERVATION PLAN
Naturel resources : are the necessary wealth created by God for the service of man and the continuation of life on earth,such as water,plants and soil...etc A/ NATURAL RESOURCES
IN OUR COUNTRY In Algeria, there are many types of natural resources : soil,water,wild life and open spaces,mineral resources,monuments...etc But this natural resources are under execessive exploitation, in our country in particularly and in the world in general wich requires rationalisation of used to preserve this heritage. So let see what algeria did for its natural resources
1/ SOIL Continued vegetation clearance and erosion have limited the area of fertile brown soils to those uplands where evergreen oak forests are still found. Mediterranean red soils occupy the lower elevations in much of the northern Tell. Farther south the soils become progressively immature as aridity increases; they are characterized by little chemical weathering or accumulation of organic matter. In the desert areas soil development is further impeded by strong and nearly constant wind erosion. An ambitious project was initiated in the mid-1970s to create a
“green barrier” against Saharan encroachment northward, reforesting a narrow strip up to 12 miles (19 km) in width and some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) in length; it proved only somewhat successful. Another plan, however, was introduced in the mid-1980s to reforest an additional 1,400 square miles (3,600 square km).
2/WATER Most of the rivers of the Tell Atlas are short and undergo large variations in flow. The largest river is the Chlef, which rises in the High Plateau, crosses the Tell Atlas, and flows through an east-west trough to reach the sea east of Mostaganem. The Chlef has been so intensively exploited for irrigation and drinking water that it has ceased to flow in its lower reaches during the summer months. South of the Tell Atlas there are only ephemeral rivers (wadis), and much surface runoff ends in chotts (salt marshes) within inland depressions. Several Saharan watercourses, in particular those flowing off the Ahaggar uplands, occupy valleys formed largely
during pluvial periods in the Pleistocene Epoch (1,800,000 to 10,000 years ago). Some southward-flowing wadis feed the water tables beneath the Saharan surface, and desert oases appear in locations where the water, under hydrostatic pressure, rises to the surface in artesian wells or springs.
3/WILD LIFE & OPEN SPACES The animal life of the northern mountains includes wild mouflons, Barbary deer, wild boars, and Barbary macaques. A multitude of migratory birds pass through the country, including storks and flamingos. In the Sahara, gazelles, fennecs, hyenas, and jackals can be found, together with many smaller mammals such as gerbils and desert hare. Insect life is abundant and is most spectacularly
manifested in the region's periodic massive swarms of locusts. Scorpions are common in the arid and semiarid regions.
4/MINERAL RESOURCES Extensive deposits of sulfur-free light crude oil were discovered in the Algerian Sahara in the mid-1950s. Production began in 1958, concentrated in three main fields: Hassi Messaoud, in the northeastern part of the Sahara; Zarzaïtine-Edjeleh, along the Libyan border; and El-Borma, on the Tunisian border. Deposits of natural gas were first discovered at Hassi R'Mel in 1956, and since then discoveries have also been made at several other fields. Algeria ranks fifth in the
world in terms of total gas reserves and second in gas exports. The gas has a methane of more than 80 percent and also contains ethane, propane, and helium.
5/MONUMENTS The General Command of the Algerian National Gendarmerie program information Introduced to the protection of monuments and historical legacies in Algeria
B/ HUMAN REsOURCES
1/ HEALTH Because of the country's relatively young population and pressing medical needs, the health care system is oriented toward preventive medicine rather than treatment. Instead of building expensive hospitals, Algeria emphasizes smaller clinics and health centers and maintains a comprehensive vaccination program. Medical care, including medication, is provided by the state without charge, although those earning middle and higher incomes pay a part of their medical fees on a proportional scale. There is an increasing trend toward private health care. In
an effort to extend health care to everyone, the government requires all newly qualified physicians, dentists, and pharmacists to work in public health for at least five years.
2/ EDUCATION Since independence Algerian authorities have worked on redesigning the national educational system. Particular attention has been given to replacing French with Arabic as the language of instruction and to emphasizing scientific and technical studies. Education in Arabic is officially compulsory for all children between 6 and 15 years of age, and roughly nine- tenths of boys of that age are in school; enrollment for girls is slightly lower. Children residing in rural areas have remained underrepresented in the classroom, although much progress for both groups has been made since independence. The literacy rate is about three-fourths
for men but less than half for women. The educational system has experienced extreme difficulty in trying to accommodate the increasing number of school-age children. The scarcity of qualified Arabic teachers has been ameliorated by the recruitment of teachers from other Arab countries.
3/ CULTURE Algerian culture and society were profoundly affected by 130 years of colonial rule, by the bitter independence struggle, and by the subsequent broad mobilization policies of post independence regimes. A transient, nearly rootless society has emerged, whose cultural continuity has been deeply undermined. Seemingly, only deep religious faith and belief in the nation's populist ideology have prevented complete social disintegration. There has been a contradiction, however, between the government's various populist policies—which have called for the radical modernization of society as well as the cultivation of the country's
Arab Islamic heritage—and traditional family structure. Although Algeria's cities have become centers for this cultural confrontation, even remote areas of the countryside have seen the state take on roles traditionally filled by the extended family or clan.
4/ ECONOMY Algeria's economy is dominated by its export trade in petroleum and natural gas, commodities that, despite fluctuations in world prices, annually contribute roughly one-third of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). Until 1962 the economy was based largely on agriculture and complemented France's economy. Since then the extraction and production of hydrocarbons have been the most important activity and have facilitated rapid industrialization. The Algerian government instituted a centrally planned economy within a state socialist system in the first two decades after independence, nationalizing major industries and implementing
multiyear economic plans. However, since the early 1980s the focus has shifted toward privatization, and Algeria's socialist direction has been modified somewhat.
C/ THE IDEAL TOWN
Before speaking about the ideal town we must work hard to realize the conditions of ideal town’s construction, and then we can speak about this ideal town & how it will be. The ideal town must be clean & sanitary. For this, it must contain green spaces, water resources, special places to throw the rubbish & the conditions of wild life must be available. For the children the ideal town must contain spaces for playing, & the other important side it must contain also schools, sportive & cultural clubs. For security, it is important to be there police station or any authority to realize the security. For health, it is necessary to have hospitals & pharmacies &
to provide the entire medical product to protect the health of all citizens. Finally we must speak about the side of development, this is the most important side in the country because it is the responsible about the good level citizen’s living, so it is necessary to be there a lot of investments which are able to offer the jobs to reduce the problem of jobless, it must be there many factories in all the sectors which are able to produce all the necessary products ( food, dress….etc)….and as a final word we hope that our country will be as we dream.
GROUP MEMBRES FERHATI FARES CHARAF LAHMARI BOUMAARAF ABD EL WAHAB