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The Second Sino- Japanese War
Why are we talking about this? Next case study is the Nanjing Massacre Context: Second Sino-Japanese War
JAPAN CHINA (prefix: “Sino-”) Nanjing
The Chinese Civil War Dates: and War between Communists and Nationalists for control of China Interrupted by Japanese invasion and WWII
Communists and Nationalists Kuomintang (KMT) Goals: reunify China; establish republic Leader: Chiang Kai-shek Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Goals: reunify China; start socialist revolution Leader: Mao Zedong
Japan Invades 1931: Japan invades Manchuria KMT ignores the Japanese to focus on the Communists Japan establishes a puppet state called Manchukuo
Now who wants China? 1. Communists 2. Nationalists 3. Japan
The Second United Front Date: Communists and Nationalists unite to drive out the Japanese Nationalists do most of the fighting; Communists take time to regroup
Second Sino-Japanese War Date: Japan rapidly advances Chiang’s strategy: trading space for time 1940: stalemate 1945: Japan surrenders in WWII and withdraws from China
The Nanjing Massacre Date: 1937 Japanese troops slaughter 300,000 Chinese civilians, mostly women and children, in Nanjing Widespread rape – estimated 20,000 “The Rape of Nanjing”
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