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 A group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office  2 major parties in American politics:

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Presentation on theme: " A group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office  2 major parties in American politics:"— Presentation transcript:

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2  A group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office  2 major parties in American politics: Democrat and Republican, but there are others

3  Nominate Candidates  -select candidates for voters to choose from to represent them  Inform and activate supporters  -inspire interest and participation in govt.  Bonding Agent Function  - ensures good performance of their candidates  Govern  -govern the people  Act as a watchdog  - watch over the conduct of the people’s business

4  First 2 parties were Federalists and Anti- Federalists  Federalist party became the Democrat- Republican Party, it then later split  2 main parties in the United States are the Democratic and Republican parties

5  Founded in 1828 by Andrew Jackson  Began as a group of small farmers, debtors, frontier pioneers  Democratic presidents: Obama, Clinton, FDR, JFK  Party mascot is the donkey  States that win the democratic vote are called “blue” states

6  Founded in 1854 by Alexander Hamilton  Supported by business and financial interests, farmers and laborers  Republican Presidents- Bush, Reagan, Nixon, Lincoln, McKinley, Roosevelt  Party mascot is the elephant  States that win the republican vote are called “red” states

7  Sometimes called “Third Parties”  Created to promote ideas for those who do not have the same beliefs as the Democrats or Republicans  Examples of Minor Parties:  - Libertarians (favor limited govt)  - Socialist (promote group ownership and distribution of wealth)  - Socialist Labor Party (workers control business)  - American Independent Party

8  Ideological Party- based on popular set of beliefs ex: Socialist Labor/Worker parties  Single Issue Party- focus on one public-policy matter ex: Free Soil Party  Economic Protest Party- proclaim their disgust with major parties and demand better times, focus on enemies as the monetary system or foreign imports  Splinter Party- split away from the major parties ex. American Independent Party

9  They hold beliefs that major parties do not support  Brings attention to the minor parties  They have not been very successful  Do not have the money and advertising that the other parties have  Usually only stand for one issue


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