4How did Benito Mussolini gain the support of the Catholic Church? He threatened to execute the pope, his bishops, and cardinals.He gave the Church money and official recognition.He expanded Vatican City’s land greatly by giving it control over half of Rome.He assigned Squadristi to be “food tasters” for the pope.
5Answer: BHe gave the Church money and official recognition.
6True or False?Hitler wrote Mein Kampf while he was in jail for leading an armed uprising.
8The purpose of Stalin’s Five Year Plans was to Transform the USSR from an agricultural into an industrial economy.Strengthen the Red Army so that it could take back lost territoriesReduce the massive poverty and improve the standard of living.Drastically boost food production to end the widespread famines.
9Answer: ATransform the USSR from an agricultural into an industrial economy.
10The ___was the leading policy-making body of the Communist Party. SquadristiNEPPolitburoUlema
14To deal with runaway German inflation, an international commission created the Dawes Plan, which. Cancelled Britain’s reparation debt, angering the Axis Powers.Reduced Germany’s reparations debt.Reduced the interest rates paid by Germany on its foreign loans.Increased the price paid by foreign markets for German products.
16Fascism glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for A strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler.A communal system of play in which the state owns the means of production.Special taxes to help pay for public works programs.Volunteers to help build bridges, roads, and public buildings.
17Answer: AA strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler.
18Who led the Spanish military in a revolt against the democratic government? Richard BlaineFrancisco FrancoBenito MussoliniLeon Trotsky
38What were the Nuremberg Laws? They excluded Jews from German citizenship and forbade marriages between Jews and Germans.They banned books, magazines, and newspapers not strictly approved by the Nazi government.They outlawed all religion in Germany, making Hitler’s regime a completely secular state.They imposed high fines for citizens having loud, boisterous parties in their homes.
39Answer: AThey excluded Jews from German citizenship and forbade marriages between Jews and Germans.
40A factor in leading many Germans to accept Hitler and the Nazis was Hitler’s abolition of the Reichstag.The regime’s temporary suspension of all crime for four years.The Catholic Church’s support of the new regime.The belief that Hitler had ended Germany’s economic depression.
41Answer: DThe belief that Hitler had ended Germany’s economic depression.
42The Great Depression was caused primarily by Economic downturn and the U.S. stock market crash.Failure of nations to reduce their military forces.New interest in Marxist theories.Strengthening of European banks.
43Answer: AEconomic downturn and the U.S. stock market crash.
44Hitler’s goal was to create a Third Reich, or German Empire.Third Workers’ PartyThird DepressionThird Reichstag