2 American Liberty League Founded in 1934Led opposition to New DealSaid New Deal limited individual freedomUnconstitutionalSaid it resembled Communism
3 What effects did the New Deal have on women and minorities? It allowed lower wages for their work and favored white males in job programsFederal relief programs in the South enforced racial segregationSocial security excluded farmers and domestic workersPrimary areas where African Americans and women worked
4 Why did the American Liberty League view the New Deal as unconstitutional and un-American? It felt the New Deal limited individual freedom too radically and that its mandatory programs resembled communism
5 Examine the picture on page 778 Examine the picture on page What message do you think the photographer was trying to communicate with this picture?All of the people on the billboard are whiteAll of the people in the relief line are African AmericanThe photo might have been commenting on discrimination in New Deal relief programs
6 Examine the political cartoon on page 780 Examine the political cartoon on page Does the cartoon favor or criticize the New Deal? Support your answer with details from the cartoon?The cartoon suggests that New Deal programs, represented by restraints on Uncle Sam, interfere with American freedoms and the free market. It is critical of the New Deal.
7 Why did Upton Sinclair and Robert La Follette believe that the New Deal did not go far enough? Sinclair believed that the nation’s entire economic system needed to be reformed along Socialist linesLa Follette believed that wealth needed to be evenly distributed…also socialism
8 DemagogueLeaders who manipulate people with half-truths, deceptive promises, and scare tactics.
9 Identify 2 demagogues of the New Deal era Identify 2 demagogues of the New Deal era. Briefly explain what each individual believed.Father Coughlin- Radio sermons against FDR& New Deal-wanted guaranteed income and nationalization of banksHuey Long- Senator from LouisianaWanted to be PresidentProposed “Share the Wealth”/”Every Man a King” programGive everyone a $2,500 annual incomeLong eventually assassinated
10 NationalizationGovernment takeover and ownership
11 Deficit SpendingA nation spending more than it brings in
12 The Supreme Court Reacts FDR upset by Supreme Court rulings against the New DealAfraid courts would rip apart New DealProposed court reformAllow FDR to appoint 6 new supreme court justices
13 The Supreme Court Reacts FDR said it would make judiciary more effectiveClearly designed to create a court more in favor of New DealLabeled Court Packing Bill
14 The Supreme Court Reacts Congress and Press protestViolation of judicial independence& separation of powersHurt FDR’s public image
15 Supreme Court Reacts Court packing never happened Never had to 7 of the 9 justices either die or retireFDR able to appoint 7 new justices anyway