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Chapter 23 Section 2 The New Deal’s Critics. American Liberty League Founded in 1934 Founded in 1934 Led opposition to New Deal Led opposition to New.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 23 Section 2 The New Deal’s Critics. American Liberty League Founded in 1934 Founded in 1934 Led opposition to New Deal Led opposition to New."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 23 Section 2 The New Deal’s Critics

2 American Liberty League Founded in 1934 Founded in 1934 Led opposition to New Deal Led opposition to New Deal Said New Deal limited individual freedom Said New Deal limited individual freedom Unconstitutional Unconstitutional Said it resembled Communism Said it resembled Communism

3 What effects did the New Deal have on women and minorities? It allowed lower wages for their work and favored white males in job programs It allowed lower wages for their work and favored white males in job programs Federal relief programs in the South enforced racial segregation Federal relief programs in the South enforced racial segregation Social security excluded farmers and domestic workers Social security excluded farmers and domestic workers Primary areas where African Americans and women worked Primary areas where African Americans and women worked

4 Why did the American Liberty League view the New Deal as unconstitutional and un- American? It felt the New Deal limited individual freedom too radically and that its mandatory programs resembled communism It felt the New Deal limited individual freedom too radically and that its mandatory programs resembled communism

5 Examine the picture on page 778. What message do you think the photographer was trying to communicate with this picture? All of the people on the billboard are white All of the people on the billboard are white All of the people in the relief line are African American All of the people in the relief line are African American The photo might have been commenting on discrimination in New Deal relief programs The photo might have been commenting on discrimination in New Deal relief programs

6 Examine the political cartoon on page 780. Does the cartoon favor or criticize the New Deal? Support your answer with details from the cartoon? The cartoon suggests that New Deal programs, represented by restraints on Uncle Sam, interfere with American freedoms and the free market. It is critical of the New Deal. The cartoon suggests that New Deal programs, represented by restraints on Uncle Sam, interfere with American freedoms and the free market. It is critical of the New Deal.

7 Why did Upton Sinclair and Robert La Follette believe that the New Deal did not go far enough? Sinclair believed that the nation’s entire economic system needed to be reformed along Socialist lines Sinclair believed that the nation’s entire economic system needed to be reformed along Socialist lines La Follette believed that wealth needed to be evenly distributed…also socialism La Follette believed that wealth needed to be evenly distributed…also socialism

8 Demagogue Leaders who manipulate people with half-truths, deceptive promises, and scare tactics. Leaders who manipulate people with half-truths, deceptive promises, and scare tactics.

9 Identify 2 demagogues of the New Deal era. Briefly explain what each individual believed. Father Coughlin- Radio sermons against FDR& New Deal-wanted guaranteed income and nationalization of banks Father Coughlin- Radio sermons against FDR& New Deal-wanted guaranteed income and nationalization of banks Huey Long- Senator from Louisiana Wanted to be President Proposed “Share the Wealth”/”Every Man a King” program Give everyone a $2,500 annual income Long eventually assassinated

10 Nationalization Government takeover and ownership Government takeover and ownership

11 Deficit Spending A nation spending more than it brings in A nation spending more than it brings in

12 The Supreme Court Reacts FDR upset by Supreme Court rulings against the New Deal FDR upset by Supreme Court rulings against the New Deal Afraid courts would rip apart New Deal Afraid courts would rip apart New Deal Proposed court reform Proposed court reform Allow FDR to appoint 6 new supreme court justices Allow FDR to appoint 6 new supreme court justices

13 The Supreme Court Reacts FDR said it would make judiciary more effective FDR said it would make judiciary more effective Clearly designed to create a court more in favor of New Deal Clearly designed to create a court more in favor of New Deal Labeled Court Packing Bill Labeled Court Packing Bill

14 The Supreme Court Reacts Congress and Press protest Congress and Press protest Violation of judicial independence& separation of powers Violation of judicial independence& separation of powers Hurt FDR’s public image Hurt FDR’s public image

15 Supreme Court Reacts Court packing never happened Court packing never happened Never had to Never had to 7 of the 9 justices either die or retire 7 of the 9 justices either die or retire FDR able to appoint 7 new justices anyway FDR able to appoint 7 new justices anyway


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