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OBJECTIVE: COMPARE AND CONTRAST ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Economic Systems and the Role of Government.

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Presentation on theme: "OBJECTIVE: COMPARE AND CONTRAST ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Economic Systems and the Role of Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 OBJECTIVE: COMPARE AND CONTRAST ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Economic Systems and the Role of Government

2 The Economic Questions A nation must answer the three economic questions when deciding how to use its limited resources. 1. What goods and services should be produced? 2. How should the goods and services be produced? 3. For whom should the goods and service be produced?  The way they answer them defines the nations economic system Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems

3 Broad Categories Economists have classified economic systems into three broad categories 1. Traditional Economies 2. Market Economies 3. Command Economies Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems

4 Traditional Economies Traditions and rituals answer the what, how and for whom Answers are often based on religious or cultural practices and ideals  What: little choice as to what to produce  How: bound to tradition, they continue what their families have done for generations  For whom: tradition regulates who will sell and to whom Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems

5 Market Economies There is NO government involvement Individuals own the means of production Businesses compete for customers  What: Consumers decide what will be produced by the purchases they make – poor products will not be purchased  How: Companies must find the most efficient means of production to increase profits  For whom: the people with the money – this motivates people to work and make money Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems

6 Command Economies The government makes economic decisions and decides what, when, and how much will be produced and distributed  What : one person (usually a dictator) decides what will be produced  How: government decided who will produce it and how  For Whom: government decides who will get what products In principle, wealth is shared equally among all to ensure everyone’s basic needs are met Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems

7 Mixed Economies No economy is purely ONE economic system The USA is a mixed economy, leaning toward a market economy In a pure market economy there is NO government involvement at all The US government has some involvement, but is strictly managed by laws and regulations Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems

8 Capitalism Characterized as encouraging :  Marketplace competition  Private ownership of businesses Government cares about its people and tries to take care of those that can not care for themselves  Although the number of social services does not match that of a socialist economy Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems Examples: USA, India

9 Communism Characterized by:  Total government control (they decide who will work where, how much they are paid, etc.)  People are paid even if they don’t work Theoretically this ensures everyone will have their basic needs met There is nothing to drive people to better themselves or to work hard Examples: Cuba, North Korea Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems

10 Socialism Similar to capitalism, only there is much more government involvement in the economy More social services to ensure a good standard of living Taxes are much higher to help finance government services Government runs key industries (telecommunications, natural resources, transportation and banking) Examples: Canada and Sweden Objective: Compare and contrast economic systems


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