5This led to a rise of dictators in Europe Economic crisisNationalismPeople fear uncertaintyAll of the above
6Mussolini was a Fascist – Believed the nation was more important than the individualNations became great by expanding territory and building up militaryStrongly supported property rights and the middle class
7The Fascist militia were known as the Blackshirts The Fascist militia were known as the Blackshirts. Mussolini pledged to return Italy to the glories of the Roman Empire.
8One thing that attracted people to Mussolini was He was a kind grandfather figureHe promised to make Italy great againHe was well educatedHe threw great parties
91917 – the Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, established Communism in Russia. They renamed Russia and its territories the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
10The Communists renamed Russia The Russian RepublicThe Soviet Russian RepublicThe Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsNone of the above
14Communism is different from our system in the u.s. because It only allows for one political partyThe government owns all propertyIndividual liberties are suppressedAll of the above
15Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany at a time when the economy had collapsed, Germany was not allowed to have a military, and the nation had been humiliated after WWI. They were looking for a strong leader.
16Hitler came to power when Germany was still fighting World War IGermany was a strong nationGermany’s economy had collapsedHe assassinated the German leader
17Hitler joined a group called the National Socialist German Workers’ Party – Nazis – Hitler was part of a plan to march on Berlin. The plan failed and he was arrested.
18While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf. In this book he calls for the unification of Germany. He claimed that blond, blue-eyed Germans belonged to a “master race” called Aryans.
20He called for Germany to expand its territory into Poland and Russia He called for Germany to expand its territory into Poland and Russia. He believed that Jews were responsible for many of the world’s problems. By 1932 – Nazis were the largest political party in Germany’s Reichstag.
211933 – Hitler was appointed Chancellor 1933 – Hitler was appointed Chancellor. After taking office, he called for new elections, then ordered a crack down on socialist and communist parties – Hitler became President, which gave him control of the army.
22He gave himself the title of “fuhrer” and began rebuilding Germany’s military.
24Hitler built up germany by Blaming the nation’s problems on the JewsBuilding youth organizations to gain the support of young peopleAppointing himself “fuhrer” so he could control the armyAll of the above
25JAPANJapan’s political system was undermined by the worldwide economic crisis. Japanese military leaders blamed their problems on corrupt politicians. They believed that democracy was “unJapanese”. They wanted to expand their territory.
261931 – Japanese army invaded Manchuria 1931 – Japanese army invaded Manchuria. Their Prime Minister was assassinated while trying to negotiate peace terms. The Japanese military was now in charge.
27When the japanese prime minister was assassinated, this group was in charge The Japanese congressJapanese local leadersThe Japanese Assistant Prime MinisterThe Japanese military