1. Economic crisis 2. Nationalism 3. People fear uncertainty 4. All of the above
Mussolini was a Fascist – Believed the nation was more important than the individual Nations became great by expanding territory and building up military Strongly supported property rights and the middle class
The Fascist militia were known as the Blackshirts. Mussolini pledged to return Italy to the glories of the Roman Empire.
1. He was a kind grandfather figure 2. He promised to make Italy great again 3. He was well educated 4. He threw great parties
1917 – the Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, established Communism in Russia. They renamed Russia and its territories the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
1. The Russian Republic 2. The Soviet Russian Republic 3. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 4. None of the above
1. It only allows for one political party 2. The government owns all property 3. Individual liberties are suppressed 4. All of the above
Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany at a time when the economy had collapsed, Germany was not allowed to have a military, and the nation had been humiliated after WWI. They were looking for a strong leader.
1. Germany was still fighting World War I 2. Germany was a strong nation 3. Germany’s economy had collapsed 4. He assassinated the German leader
Hitler joined a group called the National Socialist German Workers’ Party – Nazis. 1923 – Hitler was part of a plan to march on Berlin. The plan failed and he was arrested.
While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf. In this book he calls for the unification of Germany. He claimed that blond, blue-eyed Germans belonged to a “master race” called Aryans.
He called for Germany to expand its territory into Poland and Russia. He believed that Jews were responsible for many of the world’s problems. By 1932 – Nazis were the largest political party in Germany’s Reichstag.
1933 – Hitler was appointed Chancellor. After taking office, he called for new elections, then ordered a crack down on socialist and communist parties. 1934 – Hitler became President, which gave him control of the army.
He gave himself the title of “fuhrer” and began rebuilding Germany’s military.
1. Blaming the nation’s problems on the Jews 2. Building youth organizations to gain the support of young people 3. Appointing himself “fuhrer” so he could control the army 4. All of the above
Japan’s political system was undermined by the worldwide economic crisis. Japanese military leaders blamed their problems on corrupt politicians. They believed that democracy was “unJapanese”. They wanted to expand their territory.
1931 – Japanese army invaded Manchuria. Their Prime Minister was assassinated while trying to negotiate peace terms. The Japanese military was now in charge.
1. The Japanese congress 2. Japanese local leaders 3. The Japanese Assistant Prime Minister 4. The Japanese military