Presentation on theme: "Bela Ronald And Micah Langerquist. The attraction to Progressivism The wide range of issues in the late 19 th and early 20 th century attracted the."— Presentation transcript:
The attraction to Progressivism The wide range of issues in the late 19 th and early 20 th century attracted the attention of reformers. The one issue that overshadowed all of these other issues was the fast growing modern industrial economy of the time. All of the concerns of the reformers could in some way be traced to the influence of (corrupt) corporate America. It came as no surprise that the main goal of these progressivists was to reinvent the behavior of the capitalist world.
Socialism goes electoral In the period of the 1900-1914 was the only time in history that in the anti-capitalists received the most support. During these year The Socialist Party of America grew with considerable strength but not enough to rival the other two major political parties. In the election of 1900 it attracted considerable supporters. In 1912 the socialist leader Eugene Debs received almost 1 million ballots. The supporters camed from urban immigrant communities (Germans and Jews) as well as Protestant farmers in the South and Midwest. Socialist won 1000 state and local offices votes. Lincoln Steffens (intellectual), Walter Lippmann (journalist), Florence Kelley, Frances Willard, and other women and crusaders against municipal corruptions were attracted.
What to do with society All socialists agreed that basic structural changes were needed in the economy. There was a lot of disagreement on the extent of those changes and how to go about changing them. Some agreed with the radical European Marxists goals while other thought that small enterprises should be protected so they could strive while major industries would be nationalized. Some believed that the electoral politics should be reformed while other supported a militant direct action.
Socialism gets the “Wobblies” One of the most radical groups was the labor union Industrial Workers of the World that were called the Wobblies. William (Big Bill) Haywood was the leader and advocated that there should de a union of workers and that the “wage slave” system should be abolished. They rejected political strikes and favored strikes. This group is believed to have been responsible for exploding railroad lines and power stations as well as other acts of terror, although their use of violence was exaggerated a lot.
The rootless Wobblies The IWW was one of the few labor organizations that was successful particularly in the West. A large group of laborers such as miners, timbermen, and others workers found it challenging to creat order and sustainability for the unions. The Wobblies accomplished a great feet since they not only created a union but also a social network and a home for the rootless laborers.
It’s too wobbly we’re going down A strike by the IWW timber workers in WA and ID basically shutdown production in the industry in 1917. Gaining them the wrath of the federal government that was mobilizing for war and needed timber for war production. The IWW leaders were then imprisoned and lways were passed in 1917-1919 that outlawed the labor union. Honorably the organization survived but not for very long.
Oh Socialism… you tried A force within the Socialist party were the ones who supported peaceful changes through political struggles dominated. They wanted the public to be educated on wht needed to change and the patience within the system for those change to occur. The socialists did not support the war efforts and by the end of WWI socialist were met with enormous harrassment and persecution as the people became more antiradicalism. Socialism stopped being a major force politically.
The need for progress All reformers agreed that the nation’s economy with it’s corporate centralization and consolidation was a threat Most progressivists were hopeful that they could reform inside of the capitalist system. Instead of nationalizing industries they hoped to restore the economy to a more human scale. They did argue that the federal government should disperse the largest combinations and emphasize balance between bigness and competition.
Brandeis shares his opinions This was especially supported by the lawyer and later supreme court justice Louis D. Brandeis who expressed his opinions on the “curse of bigness”. Brandeis and his supporters felt that bigness was not efficient, but their opposition had a moral aspect too. Bigness was a threat to freedom. - Limited ability for individual to control their destiny - Encouraged abuse of power. He insisted that the gorvernment regulate that large combinations did not emerge.
Progressivism turns to nationalist ideals To most reformers the most important thing was efficiency and they believed economic concentration encouraged. They argued the government should guard against power abuse by large institutions. Distinguish between good and bad trusts and encouraging the good and unencouraging the bad. A strong modern government was essential to continue regulating the economic consolidation since it was clear it would be a permanent feature in American society. Herbert Croly was the most influential spokesmen for this emerging “nationalist” view point.
Progressivism falls closer to conclusion The attention of the reformers focused on some form of coordination of the industrial economy. Some though that businesses should learn new ways of cooperation and self-regulation. To others regulating and planning economic life should be the job of the government. Theodore Roosevelt became the most powerful symbol in the reform on a notional level, he said, “We should enter upon a course of supervision, control, and regulation of those great corporations – a regulation which we should not fear, if necessary, to bring to the point of control of monopoly prices.”