Socialism vs Communism Socialism = a social and economic system where there is social ownership of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy. Communism = a social and economic system where there is social ownership of the means of production and characterized by the absence of social classes, money, and the state.
Socialism vs Communism? Originally "socialism" and “communism” were used interchangeably. Karl Marx and Frederic Engels changed everything with their “Communist Manifesto” in 1848. They saw socialism as one step in the overhaul of a society. According to Marx & Engels: “Socialism” = some of the industry and property commonly owned but class differences remain. “Communism” = class differences had disappeared, people lived in harmony, and government was no longer needed. Abundance and social harmony would make it possible for one to do as they pleased. Working for economic necessity would give way to truly voluntary activity.
Communism in brief Philosophy – From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs. Economic System – Common ownership; No private property; No money needed Religion – Abolished. Political System – None. Class Structure – No classes. All is equally shared.
Rock Paper Scissors, Marx & Engels Style 1 st, Capitalism
Rock Paper Scissors, Marx & Engels Style How did you feel at the start of the game? How did you feel when you ran out of money and had to sit down? What tactics could you have used to get back into the game? (Steal, bargain, buy someone off, lie) Was the game fair? What could Mr Chapman have done to make it fair and should he do it?
Capitalism Unequal Economic Classes (some won, most lost) Private Ownership of Industry (everyone has money) Freedom of Competition (everyone played Rock Paper Scissors)
Rock Paper Scissors, Marx & Engels Style 1 st, Capitalism 2 nd, Socialism
Rock Paper Scissors, Marx & Engels Style How did you feel at the start of this version of the game? Was this version of the game fair? Would you play this version of the game again?
Classless Society Aim (Everyone has the same amount of money) Government Ownership of Industry (Mr Chapman took all money) Economic Equality Goal (Mr Chapman evenly distributed money) Socialism
Rock Paper Scissors, Marx & Engels Style 1 st, Capitalism 2 nd, Socialism 3 rd, Communism
Communism “Utopia” Goal of Classless Society Achieved (no one wants to play the game again) No Government (Mr Chapman no longer needs to supervise)
Some Famous Communists (you probably didn’t know were Communist)