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CLASSICAL ECONOMICS, SOCIALISM, & THE VIA MEDIA. MERCANTILISM THE IDEA THAT A NATION'S EXISTENCE DEPENDED ON POWER, AND POWER DEPENDED ON WEALTH. ECONOMY.

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Presentation on theme: "CLASSICAL ECONOMICS, SOCIALISM, & THE VIA MEDIA. MERCANTILISM THE IDEA THAT A NATION'S EXISTENCE DEPENDED ON POWER, AND POWER DEPENDED ON WEALTH. ECONOMY."— Presentation transcript:

1 CLASSICAL ECONOMICS, SOCIALISM, & THE VIA MEDIA

2 MERCANTILISM THE IDEA THAT A NATION'S EXISTENCE DEPENDED ON POWER, AND POWER DEPENDED ON WEALTH. ECONOMY OF WEALTH: FINITE AMOUNT OF RESOURCES AND WEALTH IN WORLD THEORY OF TRADE: TRADE A NECESSARY EVIL / PURE TRADE IMMORAL NAVIGATION ACTS: BEGINNING IN THESE ACTS WERE DESIGNED TO CONTROL TRADE WITH THE COLONIES IN THE INTEREST OF THE MOTHER COUNTRY. THE TRIANGLE TRADE ROUTES

3 Adam Smith, 1723–90 Thomas Robert Malthus, David Ricardo, 1772–1823 John Stuart Mill, 1806–73 Karl Marx, 1818–1883 John Maynard Keynes CLASSICAL ECONOMICS & CRITICS

4 An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776 Adam Smith, 1723–90

5 Thomas Robert Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798)

6 David Ricardo, 1772–1823 The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1817)

7 John Stuart Mill, 1806–73, Principles of Political Economy, 1848

8 Karl Marx, 1818–83 Das Capital (Capital) ( ) Manifest der kommunistischen Partei (Communist Manifesto) (1848)

9 1864 – 1 st INTERNATIONAL - Marx founds the International Workingmen's Association – 2 nd INTERNATIONAL - Paris 1919 – 3 rd INTERNATIONAL - Lenin / Comintern 1929 – 4 th INTERNATIONAL - Trotskyist

10 Karl Johann Kautsky, 1854–1938 Eduard Bernstein, 1850–1932

11 From Lenin to Stalin

12 General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money (1936) John Maynard Keynes

13 Why Is There No Socialism in the United States? Werner Sombart (1906)  Daniel Bell - Sectarianism  Seymour Martin Lipset - American Exceptionalism  Social Democratic Historians - There is (sort of)  Sean Wilentz  Michael Kazin  James T. Kloppenberg

14 FOUR PARTY PERIODS ST PARTY SYSTEM FEDERALIST - ANTI-FEDERALIST NATIONALIST - REPUBLICAN / DEMOCRAT HAMILTONIAN - JEFFERSONIAN ND PARTY SYSTEM WHIG- DEMOCRACY ANTI-JACKSONIAN - JACKSONIAN RD PARTY SYSTEM DEMOCRAT - REPUBLICAN TH PARTY SYSTEM DEMOCRAT - REPUBLICAN

15 3 rd PARTIES IN THE FOUR PARTY PERIODS ST PARTY SYSTEM PAINITES ANTI-MASON PARTY ND PARTY SYSTEM WORKINGMENS PARTY FANNY WRIGHT ROBERT DALE OWENS THOMAS SKIDMORE MIKE WALSH-THE SPARTIN BAND NO NOTHING PARTY RD PARTY SYSTEM PEOPLES PARTY SOCIALIST PARTY COMMUNIST PARTY TH PARTY SYSTEM LIBERTARIAN PARTY GREEN PARTY PEACE AND FREEDOM PARTY NATURAL LAW PARTY REFORM PARTY

16 Some episodes of industrial violence in U.S. history: 1820s-1840s: canal workers in the northeast : Molly Maguires, Pennsylvania 1863: New York City draft riots 1874: Tompkins Square Riot, New York City 1877: The Great Railroad Strike 1885: Massacre of Chinese, Rock Springs 1886: Haymarket, Chicago 1889: Las Gorras Blancas, New Mexico 1891: Anti-Italian Riot in New Orleans 1892: Homestead, Pennsylvania; Couer d'Alene, Idaho; Cripple Creek, Colorado 1894: Pullman, Chicago; Coxey's Army. 1896: Leadville, Colorado 1897: Lattimer, Pennsylvania 1901: Telluride, Colorado 1902: Pennsylvania anthracite strike

17 1909: McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania 1910: Dynamiting of Los Angeles Times 1912: Lawrence, Massachusetts 1913: Patterson, New Jersey; : Ludlow, Colorado 1916: Everett Massacre 1917: Food riots; resistance to conscription in the Southwest; Bisbee, Arizona; Espionage and Sedition Acts; Green Corn Rebellion 1919: Strikes in steel industry, Seattle, etc; anti-Socialist May Day Riot in Cleveland; Centralia; Red Scare; Sacco and Vanzetti

18 1920: Wall Street bombing 1922: Herrin Massacre; miners' strikes, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, West Virginia 1929: Gastonia, North Carolina 1932: Dearborn Massacre; attack on the "Bonus Army", Washington D.C. 1933: Steel strike, Pennsylvania; cotton strike, Pixley and Arvin, California 1934: Strikes by Californian fruit and vegetable workers; automobile industry strike, Toledo, Ohio San Francisco General Strike; teamsters' Strike, Minneapolis 1937: Sit-down strikes in automobile industry, Michigan; steel strike and Memorial Day Massacre, Michigan

19 Philosophers of the Via Media Pragmatists William James ( ) John Dewey ( ) Hermeneutics Friedrich Schlermacher ( ) Wilhelm Dilthey ( )

20 Politics of the Via Media Social Gospel Richard Ely ( ) Walter Rauschenbusch ( ) Social Democrats Beatrice and Sidney Webb Jean Jaures ( ) Eduard Berstein ( ) Progressives John Dewey ( ) Max Weber ( ) Walter Lippmann ( )

21 PROGRESSIVISM Curb Special Interests Elite “Status Anxiety” George Mowry (1951) Richard Hofstadter, Age of Reform (1955) Organizational and Professional Efficiency Samuel Hays, Response to Industrialization (1957) Robert Weibe, Search for Order (1967) Anti Competitive Corporation Gabriel Kolko, Triumph of Conservatism (1963)

22 Workingmans Party formed in New York Knights of Labor Socialist Labor party, Daniel De Leon Pullman Strike in Chicago Socialist Party, Eugene Debbs Industrial Workers of the World Communist Party Congress of Industrial Organizations, John L. Lewis

23

24 "There must be a better distribution of wealth, and maybe America must move toward a Democratic Socialism." "Frogmore, S.C. " November, 14, 1966 MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR

25 Other African-American Socialists WEB Du Bois ( ) A. Philip Randolph 1889 – 1979 Bayard Rustin ( ) Ronald V. Dellums (1935- ) Cornel West

26 Hispanic-American Socialists Ybor City Radicalism Cesar Chavez, ( ) Dolores Huerta Puerto Rican Socialist Party

27 American Women Socialists Victoria Woodhull Margaret Sanger Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Angela Davis Gloria Steinem. Barbara Ehrenreich Emma Goldman ( ) *Anarchist


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