Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The bioinformatics of biological processes The challenge of temporal data Per Kraulis Avatar Software AB.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The bioinformatics of biological processes The challenge of temporal data Per Kraulis Avatar Software AB."— Presentation transcript:

1 The bioinformatics of biological processes The challenge of temporal data Per Kraulis Avatar Software AB

2

3 MolScript: Per Kraulis 1991, 1997

4 KEGG: Kanehisa 2004

5 “Classical” Bioinformatics: Static structures Structural: Sequence, 3D coordinates Time is not involved Why? Easier to work with... –Experimentally –Conceptually?

6 Biology is temporal Processes are inherently temporal –Narrative descriptions in literature –Gene expression time series –Embryonal development Biological processes are goal-oriented –Cell cycle: produce another cell

7 Cytokinesis: Rho regulation Piekny, Werner, Glotzer 2005

8 Endocytic vesicle formation Duncan & Payne 2005

9 But: Few temporal databases?! Temporal: 't' as an essential parameter Temporal relationships –During –Before –After

10 "Can computers help to explain biology?"...biological narratives of cause and effect are readily systematizable by computers. Happily, there is considerable interest in wanting to build one element of biological semantics — the passage of time — into information theory. [This] might help biologists to go beyond quantifying reaction rates and molecular species of biological systems to understand their dynamic behaviour. R. Brent & J. Bruck, Nature (440) 23 March 2006,

11 Computable temporal data Required for simulation –Initial values –To test model against Appropriate data model –Events during a process –Context, preconditions –Duration –Property = f(t)

12 Kinetic analysis of budding yeast cell cycle: Chen et al 2000

13 Work in other fields Geographical Information Science, GIS Artificial Intelligence –Knowledge Representation –Temporal Logic –Automated planning, scheduling Temporal databases Project management

14 Allen's temporal relationships overlaps before meets equals during finishes starts

15 Project: BioChronicle Data model, implementation Handle temporal biological information –Events, subevents –Relationships –Duration –Properties, dynamics –Preconditions, context Test case: Cell cycle

16 Ras p21 Project: GeneCV Entities –Genes –Proteins –Molecules –Complexes States –Complexes, member of –Modifications –Location Transitions –Creation –Destruction –Interactions –Regulation –Transport Ras p21 Chem: unmodified Location: cytosol Ras p21 Chem: farnesylated Location: membrane Cell: fibroblast TF: xxx Expression Enzyme: FTModification

17 GeneCV The life of a biomolecule Molecular data only! Creation Maturation Transport Interactions Destruction Mendenhall & Hodge 1998

18 Statecharts David Harel, 1987 Describe reactive computer systems –Event-driven –Responding to external and internal stimuli State-transition diagrams extended with: –Hierarchy –Orthogonality –Communication

19 Statecharts: states and events InactiveActiveFault On Off Error Reset

20 Statecharts: state hierarchy Inactive Active Fault On Off Error Reset Measure Write

21 Statecharts: state orthogonality Inactive Active Fault On Off Error Reset Measure Write Normal Debug Mode Debug

22 Statecharts: conditions NormalDebug Debug_command [User_is_admin]

23 Modeling T-cell transformations Kam, Cohen, Harel 2001

24 Example: Lysine post-transl mod's Lys-NH 3 + Lys-Me Methylase Demethylase Lys-NH 2 + -CH 3 Lys-NH + (CH 3 ) 2 Lys-N + (CH 3 ) 3 Lys-NH-COCH 3 Acetylase Deacetylase

25 CSHL, EBI, GO collaboration Entities –No explicit state; no hierarchy of states Events –Hierarchy –Molecular as well as macroscopic (processes)

26 Alliance for Cell Signaling, AfCS Molecules –Proteins States –No hierarchy –Molecular only; complexes are states –Location is not state Transitions –Conditions?

27 Computable information Free text Ontology Relational DB Keyword/value data Petri Net, logic Statecharts Annotated text Unwritten Diff equ model Simulation


Download ppt "The bioinformatics of biological processes The challenge of temporal data Per Kraulis Avatar Software AB."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google