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SDSS finds the period minimum spike Boris Gänsicke John Southworth John Thorstensen M Dillon, P Rodríguez-Gil, A Aungwerojwit, TR Marsh, P Szkody, SCC.

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Presentation on theme: "SDSS finds the period minimum spike Boris Gänsicke John Southworth John Thorstensen M Dillon, P Rodríguez-Gil, A Aungwerojwit, TR Marsh, P Szkody, SCC."— Presentation transcript:

1 SDSS finds the period minimum spike Boris Gänsicke John Southworth John Thorstensen M Dillon, P Rodríguez-Gil, A Aungwerojwit, TR Marsh, P Szkody, SCC Barros, J Casares, D de Martino, PJ Groot, P Hakala, U Kolb, SP Littlefair, IG Martínez-Pais, G Nelemans, MR Schreiber Ilse Decoster

2 CV Evolution in a nutshell Howell et al. (2001) Angular momentum loss MB/GR MB GR Porb decreases down to Pmin Donor becomes degenerate BD Porb increases again

3 Period bouncing

4 CV evolution in a nutshell Howell et al. 2001, ApJ 550, 897Kolb & Baraffe 1999, MNRAS 309, % 29% 1% Most systems post-bounce Spike at Pmin MB GR Angular momentum loss MB/GR At Pmin: donor  BD MB disrupted at P=3h

5 Ritter 5 (1990): 167 CVs

6 Ritter & Kolb 6 (1998): 314 CVs

7 Ritter & Kolb 7.2 (2004): 518 CVs

8 CV evolution: theory & observations P min ≈65min 80 min! (Ritter & Kolb 2004) P min selection effects?

9 Of spikes and small numbers Hameury et al. (1990) 114min 80 polars today

10 The PG CVs - 35 CVs, of which 31 new - 31 periods determined (Ringwald PhD 1993, Thorstensen, and others) no spike (see Pretorius)

11 CVs from the Hamburg Quasar Survey - 96 CVs, of which 53 new - 86 periods determined (Gänsicke, Rodríguez-Gil, Aungwerojwit, Hagen, Engels,...) HQS CVs with P orb =3-4h... spike?

12 SDSS CVs (Szkody et al. 2002, 2003, 2004) CVs, of which 90 new - 45 periods determined ITP time 2004/5 for SDSS CV follow-up: 70 nights WHT, TNG, INT, NOT & LT (Gänsicke et al.) Recycled slide detected … recycled slide detected …

13 SDSS CVs in DR7 (Szkody et al. 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009) CVs, of which 90 new periods determined ?

14 10 years effort in 2 minutes Period accurate to better than 3%

15 10 years effort in 2 minutes Period accurate to better than 3%

16 10 years effort in 2 minutes Period accurate to better than 3%

17 SDSS CVs differ significantly from previous samples new SDSS CVs old SDSS CVs non-SDSS CVs - old vs non: 52.2% - new vs non: 0.065% two-sided Kolmogorov-Smirnov test Gänsicke et al. 2008, MNRAS, submitted why?

18 Properties of SDSS CVs

19 “active” CVs in the spike V844 Her T Leo SW UMa EV UMa GG Leo

20 Old (active) SDSS CVs with 80min

21 New SDSS CVs with 80min

22 New (inactive) SDSS CVs with 80min

23

24 eclipsing poor dataeclipsing polar

25 New (inactive) SDSS CVs with Porb>86min

26

27 Some comments on the space density -WD-dominated, or “WZ Sge” are often considered post-period-bounce (candidate) systems… -Yes, SDSS finds many new “WZ Sge”… but, they are all faint (g>17.6) and far (>150pc) away… -…yet, no bias against finding nearby “WZ Sge”… - “WZ Sge”s, bouncers or not, are not very common - While Littlefair found good evidence for bouncers, they are all at P min - Even SDSS has not found the predicted large population of period bouncers

28 SDSS finds the period spike because of depth “Palomar Green” “Hamburg Quasar Survey” “SDSS Quasar Survey” “SDSS all”

29 Completeness: the QSO exclusion boxes -WD box: one faint CV -A-star box: no CV -WMDS box: 5 CVs with P orb >150min while excluded from the QSO programme, there are sufficient spectra to inspect the kind of objects they contain.  no effect on the period spike discussed here

30 non-SDSS-discovered CVs in the SDSS footprint QSO survey limit

31 SDSS CV (re)identification efficiency CV has re-discovered ~90% of the previously known CVs with 17

32 Testing CV completeness by colour proximity i<19.1: 66% complete 19.1

33 Selecting CV candidates via p.m. from GALEX/SDSS 1437 objects with - 5  p.m. - GALEX fluxes - SDSS spectra all WD-cut QSO-cut CV % WD % WDMS % QSO % Total

34 Selecting CV candidates via p.m. from GALEX/SDSS 3713 objects with - 5  p.m. - GALEX fluxes - no SDSS spectra 1689 candidates, expect CVs WDs WDMS binaries QSO

35 Summary SDSS goes deeper than any survey before, and the SDSS CV population exhibits a period spike at P min =80min, but need accurate orbital periods The spectra of the majority of “spike” CVs are WD dominated, “WZ Sge”-like, but SDSS has still not found the predicted large population of period-bouncers. The SDSS CV population is 66-90% complete for 17


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