2 1 Vocabulary Focus Adistract (v): to make someone stop giving their attention to somethingfoster (v): to encourage a particular feeling, situation, or idea to develop
3 1A Advantages of sending IMs speeds up decision-making saves time fosters communicationmakes it easier to stay in touch
4 Disadvantages of sending IMs adds stress to the workplacedistracts from regular work
5 1 Vocabulary Focus Binformation overload (np): having too much information to absorbinteraction (n): contactrecipe for disaster (np): will likely cause something bad to happenchained (adj): to be fasten by someone or something
6 multitasking (n): doing more than one thing at once impersonal (adj): distantpromote (v): encouragesedentary (adj): inactivedependence (n): relianceliberating (adj): freeing
7 1C doing more than one thing at once: __________ encourages: __________having too much information to absorb: _____________________reliance on: ___________multitaskingpromotesinformation overloaddependence
8 inactive: __________contact: ___________freeing: __________distant: ___________will likely cause something bad to happen: __________________sedentaryinteractionliberatingimpersonalrecipe for disaster
9 1 Vocabulary Focus D cure for (np): a solution to a problem dealing with (np): activities involving other people, especially in business
10 1D Vocabulary Builder – B What is the cure for / to “technostress?” I haven’t had any dealings for / with their IT Department.Our dependence on / with technology is not always good.
11 2 Listening Ablackout (n): a time when all lights must be hidden by law, or when there is no light or power because of an electricity failure
12 2A12This is a daytime / evening report on radio / TV about a blackout / storm that happened in the summer / winter.
13 2BCause:one piece of broken equipmentrecord-breaking heatlooting
14 2C houses without power: ____________ 100,000 length of time with no electricity: ________deaths: _________recent temperatures: _________________cooling centers: ____________stores broken into: ___________100,0008 hours11over 100 degreesa dozenseveral
15 3 Language Focus Bshipment (n): a large amount of goods sent together to a place, or the act of sending them
16 3B Cell phone usage isn’t allowed in the library. It is a rule enforced by an institution (the library).Bad news! My shipment is being held at the airport.Who is doing the action is not as important as the action.
17 Has the recycling been picked up yet? Who did the action is obvious from the situation.Was the product made in Malaysia?You don’t know who did the action.
18 3 Language Focus Cmanufacture (v): to produce goods in large numbers, usually in a factory using machines
19 3C The Vesta uses a single kind of motor. (power) No, it doesn’t. it’s powered by a traditional engine and an electric motor.It’s a Japanese car. (manufacture)No, it isn’t. It’s manufactured in Canada.
20 You can only buy it in Canada right now. (sell) No, you can’t. it’s sold in the U.S. and Canada only.You can buy it in Europe this week. (introduce)No, you can’t. it will be introduced in Latin America and Asia.
21 Critics don’t like it. (vote) Yes, they do. It was voted the best new car of the year.It’s too expensive for the average consumer.No, it isn’t. It has been purchased by students, construction workers, and artists.
22 3 Language Focus Eremote (adj): far away in distance, time or relationvirtual (adj): using computer images and sounds that make you think an imagined situation is real
23 4 Speaking Aget a clue (vp): to be completely unable to guess, understand, or deal with somethingfaint (adj):[faintest] not strong or clear; slight
24 4A Who should Jim go to for help? Why? Paolo and Kim are the best people to ask for help now. Emi could help Jim later.
25 4 Speaking Bscuba diving (np): the sport of swimming under water with special breathing equipment
26 1 Get Ready to Read A Lesson B chore (n): a job or piece of work which is often boring or unpleasant but needs to be done regularlytrendy (adj): modern and influenced by the most recent fashions or ideasdebit card (np): a card used to pay for things directly from your bank account
27 1 Get Ready to Read B display (v): to show publicly unique (adj): the only one of its kind, specialdevice (n): a tool or piece of equipmentautomatically (adv): done mechanically, without a person doing it
28 anonymously (adv): namelessly, in secret embed (v): to implant something into something elsetrack (v): to follow, to traceprivacy (n): space to yourself so that others cannot see or hear what you’re doingat stake (np): in danger, at riskbenefit (n): an advantage
29 2 Reading Atypical (adj): showing all the characteristics that you would usually expect from a particular group of thingsswipe (v): to move a card containing information stored on a magnetic strip through a device that reads this information
30 antennas (n): [antennae or antennas] a piece of metal that is used for receiving television or radio signalswireless (adj): without wires
31 2A How it works A more convenient shopping experience So, what’s the problem?But there are benefits, too..
32 2B How is the Extra Future Store different from most supermarkets? swiping your store ID card through a computer on the shopping cart’s handle,antennas send information to the cart,computer shows the price,computer suggests Spanish cheese
33 2C Reasons for: shoppers won’t have to wait in line to pay items will be read by a scanneryour card will be charged automaticallystores can save money by ordering fewer of the less popular itemsshoppers will pay less, too.
34 Reasons against:your location could be trackedpeople’s privacy is at stake.
35 2D In line 17, It refers to _______________. computer In line 41, them refers to ____________.In line 51, these I refers to ___________.In line 55, that refers to _____________.computerRFID chipsitemspay less
36 3 Writing A downside (n): the disadvantage of a situation drawback (n): a disadvantage or the negative part of a situationwander (v): to walk around slowly in a relaxed way or without any clear purpose or directionaisle (n): a long narrow space between the rows of shelves in a large shopplus (n): [pluses] an advantage or a good feature
37 3A One advantage is that Another benefit There are also disadvantages The downside to thisAnother drawback
38 3 Writing Bspouse (n): a person's husband or wife
39 4 Communication Arevolutionized (v): to completely change something so that it is much bettercommercial (a): related to business