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The Interrelationship of Encouragement & Confrontation with Online Education Presenters: Daniel Eckstein, Donna Eckstein, Chi-Sing Li, and Yu-Fen Lin *Presented.

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Presentation on theme: "The Interrelationship of Encouragement & Confrontation with Online Education Presenters: Daniel Eckstein, Donna Eckstein, Chi-Sing Li, and Yu-Fen Lin *Presented."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Interrelationship of Encouragement & Confrontation with Online Education Presenters: Daniel Eckstein, Donna Eckstein, Chi-Sing Li, and Yu-Fen Lin *Presented at the Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference in San Antonio, Texas; March 26-30, *To be presented at the National Technology and Social Science Conference in Las Vegas, Nevada; April 6-8, 2008.

2 Online Education Creating a synergistic effect with two approaches using online tools.

3 Encouragement Red-pencil mentality Positive psychology

4 Dinkmeyer and Eckstein’s definition of encouragement: A process that focuses on the individual’s resources and potential in order to enhance self-esteem and self-acceptance.

5 To encourage is to unite dualities such as: Fear/ Courage Male/ Female Democrat/ Republican Instructor/ Student

6 Seven Methods of Encouragement 1. Role Model 2. Identifying Strengths and Weakness 3. Consistency of Support over the Long Haul 4. Seeing the Person as Special 5. Passionate Inspiration 6. Supporting a Person's Special Interests 7. Encouraging Career Choices

7 Methods of Encouragement Applied to Seven Online Tools 1.Annoucements 2. Assignments 3. Calendar 4.Discussions 5.Learning Modules 6.Mail 7.Gradebook

8 The Four Directions of Encouragement 1.Downward 2.Across 3.Upward 4.Inward

9 Confrontation Confrontation is paradoxically an essential aspect of encouragement. Stoke and Spit (Nikelly, 1971) Focus on discrepancy.

10 Representative Online Examples Include Discrepancies between 1. What a student says he or she will do and what they actually do

11 2. Between your perception of only quality and excellence as well as basic satisfactory work compared to some learners with overly inflated opinions of their work.

12 3. Between the posted course room or research standards and how a learner is unwilling and/or unable to follow such standards.

13 Confrontation Does not have to be a harsh attack. Can be done when students are respectfully invited to examine their behaviors, attitudes, and thoughts.

14 Information & Consent Ethical considerations with online education. Giving and receiving of facilitative feedback and grades needs to be stated “up front” in the syllabus.

15 Examples of Confrontation Plagiarism Poor Writing Skills Late Postings & Lack of Planning with Assignments Inactive Online Participation

16 Examples of Encouragement Creative and Critical Thinking College Level Writing Skills Early Postings & Planning with Assignments Active Online Participation

17 The Interrelationship of Encouragement & Confrontation with Online Education Plagiarism Poor Writing Skills Late Postings and Lack of Planning with Assignments Inactive Participation Creative and Critical Thinking Skills College Level Writing Skills Early Postings and Planning with Assignments Active Participation


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