Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin Nocturne Opus 9 Number 2 in Eb Major Slides change according to text. Adjust sound.
Chopin was born on February 22, 1810. He died in Paris on October 17, 1849.
Fryderyk Chopin was born fifty kilometers west of Warsaw, at Żelazowa Wola in Sochaczew County, in what was then part of the Duchy of Warsaw. His father, Mikołaj (in French, Nicolas) Chopin, originally a Frenchman from Lorraine, had emigrated to Poland in 1787 at age sixteen and had served in Poland's National Guard during the Kościuszko Uprising. He subsequently tutored children of the aristocracy, including the Skarbeks, one of whose poorer relations, Justyna Krzyżanowska, he married. Justyna's brother would become the father of American Union General Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski. Justyna and Mikołaj were married in the 16th-century Basilica in Brochów. There, too, their second child and only son, born 1 March 1810, would be baptized "Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin". In 1892 a parish church document was found that cites his birthdate as 22 February 1810, but he usually gave 1 March as the date.
Here Chopin lived the first few months of his life; his family moved to Warsaw where his father worked as a college professor.
In Warsaw Fryderyk Chopin was considered a "second Mozart." By the age of 7 he had composed two polonaises. The child prodigy was featured in the Warsaw newspapers. The "little Chopin" became the attraction at receptions given in the aristocratic salons of Warsaw. Chopin gave his first piano recital at the age of 8.
The Warsaw Concert Hall, where Chopin gave his first concerts.
Maria Wodzińska was Chopin’s student; she painted this portrait and gave it to him. They became engaged, but her family convinced her to break the engament, due to Chopin’s poor health. Chopin was devasted and always kept her letters with a handwritten note of his saying “My Sorrow.”
Chopin preferred more intimate settings for a recital, like the home of Count and Countess Radziwil, as he didn’t like large concert halls.
While visiting Vienna, he heard about an uprising in Warsaw and decided not to return to Poland. He stayed in Vienna for a few more months before visiting Munich and Stuttgart, Germany, where he learned of Poland's occupation by the Russian army. 1830
Chopin moved to Paris in 1830; he was 20 years old and had already composed many works for the piano, including his two concertos and some of his Études Opus 10. Paris - Church of Notredame Guardian of the Night
In Paris, Chopin formed personal friendships with the artists Franz Liszt, Hector Berlioz, Felix Mendelssohn, and Vincenzo Bellini. Robert Schumann wrote: "Hats off, gentlemen! A genius!" Notredame Cathedral
Chopin formed a strong friendship with Camille Pleyel, owner of the Pleyel piano manufacture. From that time on, Chopin’s pianos where manufactured by Pleyel. Often Chopin would go to the piano factory, to explain how he wanted his new piano.
In 1838, his friend Eugène Delacroix painted this portrait. Chopin was already very ill with tuberculosis. He had to give private classes and perform in public, to support himself, having little time for what he really wanted to do,... compose for the piano.
In 1836, at a party hosted by Countess Marie d'Agoult, fiancée of composer and close friend Franz Liszt, Chopin met Amandine - Aurore Dupin, Baroness Dudevant, better known by her pseudonym George Sand, a writer. Franz Liszt
Baroness Dudevant fell in love with him and wanted to take care of Chopin, so that his health would improve, so that he would dedicate more time to composing. Finally, he said “Yes.” They spent long summers in her country state “Nohant.” Very often, she invited several of his friends to spend weekends with them. Frequent visitors were Franz Liszt and Eugène Delacroix.
Chopin spent long periods of time in Nohant, from 1838 to 1847, where his health improved markedly.
In 1845 problems emerged in Chopin's relationship with Aurore at the same time of a further deterioration in his health. These problems finally brought an end to their relationship in 1847. Aurore by Eugène Delacroix
In his new apartment in Paris, Chopin composed on his last Pleyel.
Place Vendôme, place of Chopin’s last residence.
In 1847 Chopin gave concerts in England and Scotland with Jane Stirling, although he was severely ill. He returned to Paris in 1848, but was unable to teach or perform. His sister Ludwika came from Poland to take care him.
He died at his home in Paris, on October 17, 1849.
Chopin requested that Mozart's Requiem be sung at his funeral, at the Church of the Madeleine and attended by nearly 3,000 people; this church didn’t allow female singers in its choir, and the funeral was delayed for almost 2 weeks, until the church finally granted Chopin's final wish. The female singers remained behind a black velvet curtain.
Chopin is buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris; at his own request, his heart was removed and sent, in an urn, to Warsaw, where it is sealed in a pillar in the Church of the Holy Cross. His grave attracts many visitors and is always decorated with flowers, even during winter.
This is the pillar in the Church of the Holy Cross in Warsaw where the urn with Chopin’s heart is sealed. The exact spot is the small niche at the bottom, where the little flower bouquet is placed.
The Church of the Holy Cross in 1945, after Warsaw was bombed by the Nazis. The pillar where Chopin’s heart rests remained intact. The Church of the Holy Cross after reconstruction.
A musical form Nocturne, given great prominence by Chopin.