2History:Isaiah 40:3A voice cries: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.”Mt 3:3, Mk 1:3, Lk 3:4, Jn 1:23Mt 3:11I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I… he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.Repent then vs. after the great commission
3REPENT:Repentance that is mentioned in Mt 3:11 implies that of an internal change of heart. A personal conversion. There was no (grace) associated with it.Grace- supernatural gift of GodRepentance was a conversion- to make oneself better. Changing their life around.The baptisms that John the Baptist performed were not a cleansing of sin, but cleansing of the soul.
4The Baptism of Jesus: Mt 3:13 Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River by?JohnJohn tells Jesus “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?”Jesus was without sin, so why did he go to John to be baptized?He wished to be baptized by John as this was the final preparation for his mission as Messiah.
6The Great Commission: Mt 28:19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.The Great Commission is baptism as we know of it today.With the Great Commission we receive Gods grace for the sacrament.By Gods grace- Our exterior is not “just” cleaned but transformed and makes new our interior, erasing sin (including original sin)
8LOTAJohn the Baptist was given his name because of all the baptisms he preformed.
9Sacrament:BaptismEssential Sacramental Symbol? (Symbol= something that represents something else)Water poured over or immersed in water while saying, “I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.Minister:Bishop, priest, deacon, or anyone in an emergencyRepeated?No
11Do you have to be Baptized to go to Heaven? YES…Why???John 3:5 – Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of God.”
12God is what??? BUT… The PERFECTION of what??? MERCY So what happens if someone isn’t baptized but has the desire??
13CCC 1257 EMPASIS ADD: baptism is NEEDED. What happens though to those people who have not heard the word of God?
14What’s the catch? This is not a loophole in not knowing! God is perfect mercy and we believe that he will take care of all of his children.
15Second Vatican Council Second Vatican Council- reaffirmed Gods mercy toward those whom Baptism was never a true option, essentially saying that God offers everyone the opportunity for salvation, even if in unperceivable ways.
16Why do Catholics baptize infants First??Second??Third??
17Effects of BaptismRemoval of original sin and of actual sin if presentImprinting of an indelible sign that consecrates the person for Christian worshipEntry into Christ’s Mystical Body, the ChruchSanctifying grace, which is a share in God’s own lifeAdoption by God as his child
18Cont.Becoming a temple of the Holy Spirit, capable of worshipping God as He desiresActual grace, assistance from God to resist sinThe theological virtues of faith, hope, and charityThe moral virtues of prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude which help to perfect the theological virtuesEntry into Paradise after a life lived in Christ.
19Two principle effects of baptism Purification from sin and new birth in the Holy Spirit.
20Celebration of the Rite You MUST use water and he recitation of the Trinitarian formula:These two elements must be present for a valid baptism. Even in EMERGENCYThe rite beings with the celebrant making the sign of the cross on the forehead of the candidate for Baptism.
21Passages from the Bible are read to explain how Baptism makes possible the entry into the life of faith.Celebrant says an exorcism over the candidate to signify liberation from sinHe anoints the candidate with oilThen the baptismal promises are recited- renunciation of Satan and profession of faith.
22The candidate is immersed in water or water poured over their head Trinitarian formulaAnointed with sacred chrismBlessedGiven a white garment to indicate that they have been risen with ChristCandle is lit to remind the faithful that baptism are to be the light of the world
23Types of BaptismBaptism by waterBaptism of desireBaptism of blood
24Baptism of bloodOccurs when a person has not been baptized with water suffers death for the sake of his faith in Jesus.This person is baptized by and forth his death.Martyrdom- Baptism of blood was common in the early Church, when many were killed for Christ before they were baptized with water.
25Baptism of desireRefers to the salvation of those who believe in a supreme being and strive to serve him as best they are able
26VOCABULARY:Baptism- the first of the seven sacraments, door which gives us access to the other sacramentsBaptism of blood- those who suffer death for the sake of faith without receiving baptism are baptized by their faith
27Baptism of desire- for those who believe in a supreme being and strive as best they are able- in their desire they receive itCatechumen- a person preparing to receive the sacrament of BaptismCatechumenate- The formations of person in preparation for their Christian Initiation
28Communion of saints- the unity in Christ of all the redeemed Enlightenment- another name for the sacrament of BaptismExorcism- the public and authoritative act of the Church to protect or liberate a person or object from the power of the devil
29Renunciation- to give up something to which a person has a claim Rite- diverse liturgical traditions in which the one catholic and apostolic faith has come to be expressed and celebratedSeal- permanent mark given to the soul at the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, designating one as a follower of Christ
30Sponsor- most often a person who presents a child at Baptism – or anyone at confirmation and professes faith in the Childs nameTrinitarian formula- used at baptism: I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.