Presentation on theme: "The Sacrament of Baptism:. History: Isaiah 40:3 A voice cries: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway."— Presentation transcript:
The Sacrament of Baptism:
History: Isaiah 40:3 A voice cries: “In the wilderness prepare the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.” Mt 3:3, Mk 1:3, Lk 3:4, Jn 1:23 Mt 3:11 I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I… he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. Repent then vs. after the great commission
REPENT: Repentance that is mentioned in Mt 3:11 implies that of an internal change of heart. A personal conversion. There was no (grace) associated with it. Grace- supernatural gift of God Repentance was a conversion- to make oneself better. Changing their life around. The baptisms that John the Baptist performed were not a cleansing of sin, but cleansing of the soul.
The Baptism of Jesus: Mt 3:13 Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River by? John John tells Jesus “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” Jesus was without sin, so why did he go to John to be baptized? He wished to be baptized by John as this was the final preparation for his mission as Messiah.
The Great Commission: Mt 28:19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. The Great Commission is baptism as we know of it today. With the Great Commission we receive Gods grace for the sacrament. By Gods grace- Our exterior is not “just” cleaned but transformed and makes new our interior, erasing sin (including original sin)
LOTA John the Baptist was givenhis name because of all thebaptisms he preformed.
Sacrament: Baptism Essential Sacramental Symbol? (Symbol= something that represents something else) Water poured over or immersed in water while saying, “I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Minister: Bishop, priest, deacon, or anyone in an emergency Repeated? No
Do you have to be Baptized to go to Heaven? YES… Why??? John 3:5 – Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of God.”
BUT… God is what??? The PERFECTION ofwhat??? MERCY So what happens if someoneisn’t baptized but has thedesire??
CCC 1257 EMPASIS ADD: baptismis NEEDED. What happens thoughto those people whohave not heard the wordof God?
What’s the catch? This is not a loophole in not knowing! God is perfect mercy and we believe that he will take care of all of his children.
Second Vatican Council Second Vatican Council- reaffirmed Gods mercy toward those whom Baptism was never a true option, essentially saying that God offers everyone the opportunity for salvation, even if in unperceivable ways.
Effects of Baptism Removal of original sin and of actual sin if present Imprinting of an indelible sign that consecrates the person for Christian worship Entry into Christ’s Mystical Body, the Chruch Sanctifying grace, which is a share in God’s own life Adoption by God as his child
Cont. Becoming a temple of the Holy Spirit, capable of worshipping God as He desires Actual grace, assistance from God to resist sin The theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity The moral virtues of prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude which help to perfect the theological virtues Entry into Paradise after a life lived in Christ.
Two principle effects of baptism Purification from sin and new birth in the Holy Spirit.
Celebration of the Rite You MUST use water and he recitation of the Trinitarian formula: These two elements must be present for a valid baptism. Even in EMERGENCY The rite beings with the celebrant making the sign of the cross on the forehead of the candidate for Baptism.
Passages from the Bible are read to explain how Baptism makes possible the entry into the life of faith. Celebrant says an exorcism over the candidate to signify liberation from sin He anoints the candidate with oil Then the baptismal promises are recited- renunciation of Satan and profession of faith.
The candidate is immersed in water or water poured over their head Trinitarian formula Anointed with sacred chrism Blessed Given a white garment to indicate that they have been risen with Christ Candle is lit to remind the faithful that baptism are to be the light of the world
Types of Baptism Baptism by water Baptism of desire Baptism of blood
Baptism of blood Occurs when a person has not been baptized with water suffers death for the sake of his faith in Jesus. This person is baptized by and forth his death. Martyrdom- Baptism of blood was common in the early Church, when many were killed for Christ before they were baptized with water.
Baptism of desire Refers to the salvation of those who believe in a supreme being and strive to serve him as best they are able
VOCABULARY: Baptism- the first of the seven sacraments, door which gives us access to the other sacraments Baptism of blood- those who suffer death for the sake of faith without receiving baptism are baptized by their faith
Baptism of desire- for those who believe in a supreme being and strive as best they are able- in their desire they receive it Catechumen- a person preparing to receive the sacrament of Baptism Catechumenate- The formations of person in preparation for their Christian Initiation
Communion of saints- the unity in Christ of all the redeemed Enlightenment- another name for the sacrament of Baptism Exorcism- the public and authoritative act of the Church to protect or liberate a person or object from the power of the devil
Renunciation- to give up something to which a person has a claim Rite- diverse liturgical traditions in which the one catholic and apostolic faith has come to be expressed and celebrated Seal- permanent mark given to the soul at the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, designating one as a follower of Christ
Sponsor- most often a person who presents a child at Baptism – or anyone at confirmation and professes faith in the Childs name Trinitarian formula- used at baptism: I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.