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Exposition by Dr. Randy Colver. Copyright © 2006.Exposition by Dr. Randy Colver. Copyright © 2006. Graphics developed by Cathy Garland.Graphics developed.

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Presentation on theme: "Exposition by Dr. Randy Colver. Copyright © 2006.Exposition by Dr. Randy Colver. Copyright © 2006. Graphics developed by Cathy Garland.Graphics developed."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Exposition by Dr. Randy Colver. Copyright © 2006.Exposition by Dr. Randy Colver. Copyright © 2006. Graphics developed by Cathy Garland.Graphics developed by Cathy Garland. Each of the Sixteen Fundamental Doctrines will be introduced and quoted. Each quote will be highlighted in blue font in the text.Each of the Sixteen Fundamental Doctrines will be introduced and quoted. Each quote will be highlighted in blue font in the text. Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing House. All rights reserved.Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing House. All rights reserved.

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5 6. The Ordinances of the Church An ordinance of the Church is an authoritative command of Christ to practice a spiritual ceremony as a memorial.An ordinance of the Church is an authoritative command of Christ to practice a spiritual ceremony as a memorial. There are two ordinances prescribed by Christ in the New Testament for the Church: Water Baptism and the Lord’s Supper (or Communion).There are two ordinances prescribed by Christ in the New Testament for the Church: Water Baptism and the Lord’s Supper (or Communion). We will examine Water Baptism first.We will examine Water Baptism first.

6 The AG Statement of Fundamental Truths states: a)Baptism in Water. The ordinance of baptism by immersion is commanded in the Scriptures. All who repent and believe on Christ as Savior and Lord are to be baptized. Thus they declare to the world that they have died with Christ and that they also have been raised with Him to walk in newness of life (Matthew 28:19; Mark 16:16; Acts 10:47, 48; Romans 6:4). 6. The Ordinances of the Church

7 Water baptism is a public declaration that we are identified in Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection.Water baptism is a public declaration that we are identified in Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection. “We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.”—Ro 6:4.“We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.”—Ro 6:4. 6. The Ordinances of the Church

8 “…having been buried with him in baptism and raised with him through your faith in the power of God, who raised him from the dead.”—Col 2:12“…having been buried with him in baptism and raised with him through your faith in the power of God, who raised him from the dead.”—Col 2:12 6. The Ordinances of the Church

9 The following diagram illustrates this:The following diagram illustrates this: 6. The Ordinances of the Church

10 CHRIST Death Dead in Christ Ro. 6:5-8, 11 Buried with Christ Ro. 6:3-4 Raised with Christ Ro. 6:4-5, 13 Ro. 7:4-6 Glorified Ro. 8:30 BELIEVER Burial Resurrection Ascension

11 6. The Ordinances of the Church This simple map shows a parallel track for what Christ did and what has happened to a believer.This simple map shows a parallel track for what Christ did and what has happened to a believer. When Christ died on the cross, we died with Him.When Christ died on the cross, we died with Him. When He was buried in the grave, our old nature was buried with Him.When He was buried in the grave, our old nature was buried with Him.

12 6. The Ordinances of the Church When He was raised from the grave, we were raised to walk in newness of life.When He was raised from the grave, we were raised to walk in newness of life. When He ascended into heaven, we were also seated in heavenly places with Him (Eph. 1:3; 2:6).When He ascended into heaven, we were also seated in heavenly places with Him (Eph. 1:3; 2:6).

13 6. The Ordinances of the Church What Christ did, He did for us. He was our substitute.What Christ did, He did for us. He was our substitute. In Christ, then, I am (spiritually) dead, buried, risen, and glorified.In Christ, then, I am (spiritually) dead, buried, risen, and glorified. I have a whole new identity and life in Him.I have a whole new identity and life in Him.

14 6. The Ordinances of the Church CHRIST Death Dead in Christ Ro. 6:5-8, 11 Buried with Christ Ro. 6:3-4 Raised with Christ Ro. 6:4-5, 13 Ro. 7:4-6 Glorified Ro. 8:30 BELIEVER Burial Resurrection Ascension

15 6. The Ordinances of the Church All believers should be water baptized because Christ commands it:All believers should be water baptized because Christ commands it: “Jesus said, ‘Go then, to all people everywhere and make them my disciples, baptize them in the Name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and then teach them to obey everything I have commanded you.”—Mt. 28:19-20“Jesus said, ‘Go then, to all people everywhere and make them my disciples, baptize them in the Name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and then teach them to obey everything I have commanded you.”—Mt. 28:19-20

16 6. The Ordinances of the Church Water baptism does not save us—our faith does that (Ro. 10:9).Water baptism does not save us—our faith does that (Ro. 10:9). Rather, it is a public declaration of our faith.Rather, it is a public declaration of our faith. Water baptism should be done by immersion, as the word “baptize” generally means “to immerse or dip under.”Water baptism should be done by immersion, as the word “baptize” generally means “to immerse or dip under.” Immersion also best represents the burial of the believer.Immersion also best represents the burial of the believer.

17 6. The Ordinances of the Church Only believers should be water baptized (Acts 2:38, 41).Only believers should be water baptized (Acts 2:38, 41). Since infants are not believers (they are incapable of repenting and believing), they should not be baptized.Since infants are not believers (they are incapable of repenting and believing), they should not be baptized. We recommend that parents wait until their children are old enough to believe and understand the true meaning of baptism before baptizing them.We recommend that parents wait until their children are old enough to believe and understand the true meaning of baptism before baptizing them.

18 6. The Ordinances of the Church In addition, believers should be baptized as soon as reasonably possible (Acts 8:36-38).In addition, believers should be baptized as soon as reasonably possible (Acts 8:36-38). We will now turn to the second ordinance of the Church: Communion.We will now turn to the second ordinance of the Church: Communion.

19 6. The Ordinances of the Church The AG Statement of Fundamental Truths states: b.Holy Communion. The Lord’s Supper, consisting of the elements—bread and the fruit of the vine—is the symbol expressing our sharing the divine nature of our Lord Jesus Christ (2 Peter 1:4); a memorial of His suffering and death (1 Corinthians 11:26); and a prophecy of His second coming (1 Corinthians 11:26); and is enjoined on all believers “till He comes!”

20 6. The Ordinances of the Church “The Lord’s Supper was instituted by the Lord Jesus Christ on the occasion of His last Passover meal with the disciples (often called the Last Supper), just hours before He died on the cross” (Menzies 115).“The Lord’s Supper was instituted by the Lord Jesus Christ on the occasion of His last Passover meal with the disciples (often called the Last Supper), just hours before He died on the cross” (Menzies 115).

21 6. The Ordinances of the Church The Lord’s Supper is a reminder (or memorial) of what Christ did for us to purchase our salvation.The Lord’s Supper is a reminder (or memorial) of what Christ did for us to purchase our salvation. The emblem of bread represents His body which was broken for us during His passion and now gives us life.The emblem of bread represents His body which was broken for us during His passion and now gives us life. The emblem of the cup represents the New Covenant based on His shed blood, which is represented by the contents of the cup, the fruit of the vine.The emblem of the cup represents the New Covenant based on His shed blood, which is represented by the contents of the cup, the fruit of the vine.

22 6. The Ordinances of the Church “The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.”—1 Cor. 11:23-26“The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.”—1 Cor. 11:23-26

23 6. The Ordinances of the Church The Lord’s Supper also prophesies of the Lord’s Second Coming:The Lord’s Supper also prophesies of the Lord’s Second Coming: “For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.”—1 Cor. 11:26“For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.”—1 Cor. 11:26

24 6. The Ordinances of the Church Death, Burial, Resurrection Second Coming PAST Lord’s Supper FUTURE Marriage Supper PRESENT Communion “Proclaim the Lord’s death…” “…till He comes.”

25 6. The Ordinances of the Church The Lord’s Supper is also the covenant meal wherein the covenant promises were made:The Lord’s Supper is also the covenant meal wherein the covenant promises were made: “And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”—Lk 22:29-30“And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”—Lk 22:29-30

26 6. The Ordinances of the Church As with the ordinance of water baptism, only believers should partake of the Lord’s Supper.As with the ordinance of water baptism, only believers should partake of the Lord’s Supper. The bread and fruit of the vine are symbols representing Christ’s body and blood. They do not change into His actual body and blood during the ceremony (called transubstantiation).The bread and fruit of the vine are symbols representing Christ’s body and blood. They do not change into His actual body and blood during the ceremony (called transubstantiation). “This view [of not changing] is supported by the fact that when He instituted the rite, the Lord was physically present with His apostles and His blood was not yet shed” (Barackman 429).“This view [of not changing] is supported by the fact that when He instituted the rite, the Lord was physically present with His apostles and His blood was not yet shed” (Barackman 429).

27 6. The Ordinances of the Church Believers are also admonished to examine their lives before partaking of the Lord’s Supper (1 Cor. 11:27).Believers are also admonished to examine their lives before partaking of the Lord’s Supper (1 Cor. 11:27). Believers can do this by repenting of sin and recommitting their lives to Christ.Believers can do this by repenting of sin and recommitting their lives to Christ.

28 6. The Ordinances of the Church “Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death. See what this godly sorrow has produced in you: what earnestness, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what concern, what readiness to see justice done.”—2 Cor. 7:10-11“Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death. See what this godly sorrow has produced in you: what earnestness, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what concern, what readiness to see justice done.”—2 Cor. 7:10-11

29 6. The Ordinances of the Church Believers should seek to restore broken relationships before taking communion.Believers should seek to restore broken relationships before taking communion. “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.”—Mt. 5:23-24“Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.”—Mt. 5:23-24

30 6. The Ordinances of the Church “And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you your sins.”—Mk. 11:25“And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you your sins.”—Mk. 11:25 Determining if you need to restore a broken relationship can be done partly by asking if you would have any problem sitting down with that person at the Marriage Supper of the Lamb.Determining if you need to restore a broken relationship can be done partly by asking if you would have any problem sitting down with that person at the Marriage Supper of the Lamb.

31 6. The Ordinances of the Church G. Raymond Carlson summarizes for us:G. Raymond Carlson summarizes for us: “Whereas water baptism is observed once by all believers, Communion is to be observed perpetually. Observe four descriptive words (1 Corinthians 11:23- 29)” (Carlson 42):“Whereas water baptism is observed once by all believers, Communion is to be observed perpetually. Observe four descriptive words (1 Corinthians 11:23- 29)” (Carlson 42): Remembering – Christ’s death and what each emblem represents.Remembering – Christ’s death and what each emblem represents.

32 6. The Ordinances of the Church Sustaining – “We are sustained as we feed on Christ. His teachings feed the intellect; His love feeds the emotions; His designs feed the will. Spiritual nourishment, fellowship, and healing are to be found at the Lord’s Table” (Carlson 42).Sustaining – “We are sustained as we feed on Christ. His teachings feed the intellect; His love feeds the emotions; His designs feed the will. Spiritual nourishment, fellowship, and healing are to be found at the Lord’s Table” (Carlson 42). Examining – Evaluate your life before the Lord.Examining – Evaluate your life before the Lord. Expecting – Celebrate the promise of the Lord’s return!Expecting – Celebrate the promise of the Lord’s return!

33 6. The Ordinances of the Church As often as your church leadership decides to celebrate the Lord’s Supper, each ceremony should be a time of worship and reflection on all that was accomplished through the vicarious and atoning sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ.As often as your church leadership decides to celebrate the Lord’s Supper, each ceremony should be a time of worship and reflection on all that was accomplished through the vicarious and atoning sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ.

34 Barackman, Floyd. Practical Christian Theology: Examining the Great Doctrines of the Faith. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications 1998.Barackman, Floyd. Practical Christian Theology: Examining the Great Doctrines of the Faith. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications 1998. Carlson, G. Raymond. Our Faith and Fellowship. Springfield: Gospel Publishing House 1977. Menzies, William and Stanley Horton. Bible Doctrines: A Pentecostal Perspective. Springfield: Logion Press 1993. Works Cited


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