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LUKE 20:4-7 was it from heaven, or of men? “The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then believed ye him not? But and if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet. And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was.” The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: - Historical Information From Ethan Longhenry –Pentecostalism (from Pentecost, the day in which the gift of the Holy Spirit was given to the Apostles) originated from the Wesleyan Holiness movement of the nineteenth century, which emphasized personal faith and proper living, along with a belief of the imminence of the return of the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Topeka, Kansas, in 1901 –This belief was manifested in Topeka, Kansas, in 1901, where the first "baptism of the Holy Spirit" in modern times was recorded. however, in 1906, with the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles, CaliforniaThe movement began to spread; it only gained momentum, however, in 1906, with the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles, California. The "massive outpouring of the Holy Spirit" that occurred at Azusa Street gained national notoriety, and the majority of Pentecostal denominations originated in individuals affected by the events of Azusa Street. These first believers in the gifts of the Holy Spirit were not accepted by their denominations, and many therefore began their own or joined such fledgling groups.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: –Beginning in the 1960s –Beginning in the 1960s, many members of denominations began to "receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit," and these individuals did not leave their respective denominations. –These individuals began what is deemed as the "Charismatic Movement" (from the Greek charisma, or "gifts"). –Before long, there were Charismatic associations within the Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Anglican/Episcopalian, and Calvinist churches, and the movement spread to encompass almost every denomination within Christendom.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: are identifiable by their belief in the latter-day outpouring of the Holy Spirit –Pentecostalism and the Charismatic Movement are identifiable by their belief in the latter-day outpouring of the Holy Spirit, much like the day of Pentecost. baptism of the Holy Spirit –Many of the members experience what is deemed the "baptism of the Holy Spirit," which is supposedly evidenced by the act of speaking in tongues. allow for the full equality of men and women in the activities of the worship service –These groups tend to bring a great deal of emotionalism and activity to their worship services, generally allow for the full equality of men and women in the activities of the worship service, and focus on the emotional aspects of Christianity.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: The Pentecostal/Charismatic movement is heavily splintered; the number of groups within this movement number in the tens of thousands. We can, however, examine the major groups of the movement. Pentecostalism and its offshoots can be divided into three groups: –"Classical" –"Classical" Pentecostals, those who are members of the standard Pentecostal groups, most of which originated in the first quarter of the twentieth century; –the Charismatics –the Charismatics, or those in other denominations who received the "baptism of the Holy Spirit;" "Neo-Charismatics," –and the so-called "Neo-Charismatics," the groups formed in the last half of the century, most of which are not affiliated with the Pentecostal denominations. We will examine the "classical" Pentecostal groups in more detail; it will suffice to say for the Charismatics that they are present in the majority of the denominations of Christendom, normally having their own associations as part of their denominations.
The Pentecostal Movement We must first examine the "pre-Pentecostal" era, the time before 1901. Many churches received the message of the Holiness movement, which stemmed from Wesleyan theology. –Many of these groups were looking forward to a "renewal of the Holy Spirit," when the gifts present on the day of Pentecost would return to the churches. –Many of these Holiness groups became Pentecostal after the turn of the century; others did not accept the message. –Therefore, when we discuss a denomination that existed before 1901, we must understand that the denomination was founded first and only later became Pentecostal. The first demonstration of the "baptism of the Holy Spirit" came in 1901; it would take five years and a different location, however, for the movement to really spread. The movement caught on after what was deemed the "Azusa Street Revival" in 1906. –It is believed that many individuals in Azusa Street in Los Angeles received the "baptism of the Holy Spirit" and spoke in tongues for weeks on end. –Many of the ministers of the Holiness congregations along with other interested parties visited Azusa Street to observe the events and possibly become a part of them.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: One of the first denominations to accept Pentecostalism was the Church of God in Christ [COGIC], founded in 1897 by Charles Mason. –In 1907, he received the "baptism of the Holy Spirit," and soon the majority of his denomination was Pentecostal. This group remains one of the largest denominations within Pentecostalism. Other denominations also accepted the Pentecostal doctrine. –The Pentecostal Holiness Church, founded in 1898, became Pentecostal in 1908. –The United Holy Church, founded in 1886, also became Pentecostal. –Another large group that became Pentecostal was the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee). This group, founded in 1886, became Pentecostal in 1908, in a large part influenced by A. J. Tomlinson.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: By 1922, however, the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee), could no longer stand the dictatorial nature of Tomlinson; therefore, Tomlinson was removed, and he himself created another Church of God, known first as the "Tomlinson Church of God" until 1943, when Tomlinson died. His two sons, Milton and Homer began to quarrel over who should take over control of the church. Milton was chosen, and in 1952 he chose the name "Church of God of Prophecy" to replace "Tomlinson Church of God." Homer left that group when he was not chosen and founded his own group, the Church of God, World Headquarters, in 1943.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: first waveThe denominations listed above are considered the "first wave" of Pentecostalism, since they essentially were Wesleyan Holiness groups who incorporated the glossolalia (speaking in tongues) and other gifts into their theology. –They believed that one was saved, then sanctified, and then received the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Beginning in the 1910s, however, a new line of theology emerged, known as the "finished work" belief system. –These individuals tended to come from outside the Wesleyan Holiness movement, and thus did not share the emphasis on personal sanctification as the Holiness groups did. –They believed that sanctification was a gradual process, and that one need not be fully sanctified before one received the baptism of the Holy Spirit. second waveThis rift in theology prompted what is known as the "second wave" of Pentecostalism.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: One of the largest and best-known churches of this "second wave" is the Assemblies of God [AG or AoG], –which divided from the Church of God in Christ in 1914 over the "finished work" theology and also racial issues. The Assemblies of God themselves saw division occur within the next two years over the "oneness" theology, that the name of Jesus was the only name of God, that one needed to be baptized in the name of Jesus alone, and that speaking in tongues was necessary for salvation (more will be discussed about this theology ). –This group was eventually cast out of the Assemblies of God in 1916 to form the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World. –This group itself divided because of racial differences in 1927, forming a group known as the Pentecostal Church, Incorporated, which later merged with other "oneness" churches to form the United Pentecostal Church (UPC) in 1945.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: The Assemblies of God saw further divisions in the next twenty years. –The next division occurred in 1919, when John Sinclair of the Assemblies of God became very concerned when the church adopted a "Statement of Fundamental Truths," which went against, in his opinion, one of the founding premises of the denomination to not hold to any doctrinal statements. –Therefore, he along with George Brinkman left the Assemblies of God to form the Pentecostal Church of God of America. In 1927, a former Assemblies of God minister named Aimee Semple McPherson founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, a Pentecostal church that grew around the healing and witness of its founder. –This church also suffered a division in 1932 with the creation of the Open Bible Evangelistic Association, which eventually merged with another group to form the Open Bible Standard Church in 1935.
The Pentecostal Movement A Brief History: Finally, a "third wave" of churches began to form in the later part of the twentieth century, involving many of the mainline evangelicals who had seen and performed the signs and wonders of the Pentecostal movement but did not desire to be labeled with the terms "Pentecostal" or "Charismatic." –The foremost group of these individuals is the Association of Vineyard Churches, founded in 1981. –These "third wavers" are the ones known as the "neo-Charismatics," and their numbers throughout their many groups are the largest in the Pentecostal movement.
The Scriptures Teaching Matthew 16:18Matthew 16:18 –18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Acts 2:47 –47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved. Ephesians 1:20-22Ephesians 1:20-22 –20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, 21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: 22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, - The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
The Scriptures Teaching John 17:20-22John 17:20-22 may be one, even as we are one –“Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; 21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. 22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:” –The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
The Pentecostals – Statements of Faith Basic Statement of Faith: We believe.... In the verbal inspiration of the Bible. In one God eternally existing in three persons; The Father, Son and Holy Spirit. That Jesus Christ is the only begotten Son of the Father, conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. That Jesus was crucified, buried and raised from the dead. That he ascended to heaven and is today at the right hand of the Father as the Intercessor. That all have sinned and repentance in commanded by God for all and necessary for forgiveness of sins. That justification, regeneration, and the new birth are wrought by faith in the blood of Jesus Christ. In sanctification subsequent to the new birth through faith in the blood of Christ, through the word of God and by the work of the Holy Spirit. Holiness to be God's standard of living for his people. In the baptism of the Holy Spirit subsequent to a clean heart. In speaking in tongues as the Spirit gives the utterance as the initial evidence of the baptism of the Holy Spirit. In water baptism by immersion in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Divine healing to be provided for all in the Atonement. In the Lord's Supper and the washing of the saints feet. In the premillenial second coming of Jesus Christ. In the bodily resurrection to eternal life for the righteous and to eternal punishment for the wicked.
The Pentecostal Statement of Faith! Some Accurate Beliefs: 1 Jn. 5:7 –Affirm Trinity - “For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one” (1 Jn. 5:7, NKJV) Lk. 18:15-17 –Children Not Accountable For Sin (see Lk. 18:15-17) Col. 2:12 –Baptism by Immersion - “buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead” (Col. 2:12, NKJV) BUT…. As we look at the Assemblies of God More closely we will note the error of this denomination.
The Assemblies of God - Major Doctrines What Is Believed by all: ”(Assemblies of God USA, see “Fundamental Truth 7,” www.ag.org) –“All believers are entitled to and should ardently expect and earnestly seek the promise of the Father, the baptism in the Holy Ghost and fire, according to the command of our Lord Jesus Christ. This was the normal experience of all in the early Christian church ”(Assemblies of God USA, see “Fundamental Truth 7,” www.ag.org)
The Scriptures Teaching IS THE BAPTISMAL MEASURE OF THE SPIRIT PROMISED TODAY??? Matt. 3:11 –“I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire” (Matt. 3:11, NKJV) is a promise was never done by a man is never said to be something that “men” can do!
The Scriptures Teaching Matthew 3:12 "His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire." Fire Baptism FALSE TEACHERS STOP READING TOO SOON!
The Scriptures Teaching Revelation 20:9, 10 “...And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them. The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.” Fire Baptism = HELL FALSE TEACHERS DON’T COMBINE THE BIBLE’S TEACHING!
The Scriptures Teaching Luke 24:49Luke 24:49 –Jesus is the sender –man could not send Acts 1:1-5The apostles were the recipients, note: “you” (the apostles, see Acts 1:1-5) It would be in the city of Jerusalem Acts 2 –such was “FULFILLED” in Acts 2! –Assemblies of God need to show where this promise was given for them! "Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high"
The Scriptures Teaching Some believers ardently expected but didn’t receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit. Acts 8:12-16 “ 12 But when they believed Philip as he preached the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, both men and women were baptized. 13 Then Simon himself also believed; and when he was baptized he continued with Philip, and was amazed, seeing the miracles and signs which were done. 14 Now when the apostles who were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them, 15 who, when they had come down, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit. 16 For as yet He had fallen upon none of them. They had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus” (Acts 8:12-16, NKJV) water baptism (cf. Acts10:47, 48)
The Scriptures Teaching These Believers Were Never Baptized With the Holy Spirit! Acts 8:17, 18, NKJV –“17 Then they laid hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit. 18 And when Simon saw that through the laying on of the apostles’ hands the Holy Spirit was given, he offered them money” (Acts 8:17, 18, NKJV) –“laid hands” not “baptized in the Spirit” –“apostles’ hands” not “anyone’s” hands –They never were baptized in the Spirit!
The Assemblies of God - Major Doctrines What is clearly taught: believers into the body of Christ “The baptism in the Spirit is subsequent to and distinct from the new birth. Scripture clearly describes a conversion experience in which the Holy Spirit baptizes believers into the body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:13)” (Assemblies of God USA, www.ag.org) Then the Samaratians were NEVER in the body of Christ! THEY NEVER RECEIVED BAPTISM OF THE HOLY SPIRIT AS THEY NEVER RECEIVED BAPTISM OF THE HOLY SPIRIT!
The Scriptures Teaching 1 Corinthians 12:131 Corinthians 12:13 is not Holy Spirit Baptism –The Corinthians were baptized in water (necessarily implied by their first “hearing and believing”) Acts 18:8; cf. 8:12; Mk. 16:16 –“Then Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his household. And many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized” (Acts 18:8; cf. 8:12; Mk. 16:16)
The Scriptures Teaching 1 Corinthians 12:13 Matt. 28:19by one Spirit – by authority (cf. Matt. 28:19) Acts 18:8; 22:16we were all – Paul with the Corinthians were baptized after hearing and believing (Acts 18:8; 22:16) into one body – water baptism in Christ places one in the body/church Jn. 3:5 –into kingdom (Jn. 3:5) Acts 2:41; 47 –into the church (Acts 2:41; 47) 1 Cor. 12:12; Gal. 3:26, 27 –into Christ (1 Cor. 12:12; Gal. 3:26, 27) “For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body–– whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free––and have all been made to drink into one Spirit.” WATER BAPTISM – NOT HOLY SPIRIT BAPTISM
The Assemblies of God - Major Doctrines The Assemblies of God –teaches Holy Spirit baptism occurs today. –teaches Holy Spirit baptism is something all believers should expect –teaches Holy Spirit baptism always occurs subsequent to the new birth 1 Corinthians 12:13 –teaches 1 Corinthians 12:13 is Holy Spirit baptism None of which is substantiated from the Word of God.
The Assemblies of God - Major Doctrines Because the Assemblies of God teach that Holy Spirit baptism occurs today and is something that every believer is to expect, this erroneous teaching leads to another error — one called “glossolalia” (glô’ s ə ́ lā lē ə ). http:// enrichmentjournal.ag.org“In its inception and continuation the Pentecostal experience of the Spirit glorifies Jesus. Speaking in tongues by His direction results in greater awareness of Jesus, the living Lord, and enhances one’s overall relationship with Him” (http:// enrichmentjournal.ag.org) Section 8 of its Statement of Fundamental Truths (“Baptism in the Holy Spirit,” www.ag.org)“Though many non-Pentecostals teach a baptism in the Holy Spirit without speaking in tongues, the position of the Assemblies of God is clearly declared in Section 8 of its Statement of Fundamental Truths: ‘The baptism of believers in the Holy Ghost is witnessed by the initial sign of speaking with other tongues as the Spirit of God gives them utterance (Acts 2:4).’ The evidence always occurred (and still does today) at the time believers were baptized in the Spirit, not at some indeterminate future time” (“Baptism in the Holy Spirit,” www.ag.org)
The Assemblies of God - Major Doctrines (“Miracles,” www.ag.org)“The Pentecostal experience of speaking in tongues, in which a loving Holy Spirit prays through the Spirit-filled believer, though not generally described as a miracle, is a supernatural revelation of God’s presence in the life of the believer. So also are the other gifts of the Spirit described in 1 Corinthians 12. One of those gifts, all of which are still observed in the Pentecostal church, is the working of miracles. For these reasons, Assemblies of God adherents firmly believe that God is still alive and working miracles today to reveal himself to humankind and call all people to salvation and a closer relationship with their Creator” (“Miracles,” www.ag.org)
The Scriptures Teaching Tongue speaking was a “gift” (Gk.charisma) of the Spirit 1 Corinthians 12:4-11 –see 1 Corinthians 12:4-11 Tongues were languages Acts 2:4-6 –not ecstatic unintelligent babble - Acts 2:4-6 because everyone heard them speak in his own language“4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. 5 And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven. 6 And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language.”
The Scriptures Teaching How Did Christians in the 1 st Century Receive It? Acts 2:1-4; Acts 10:44-46 –received by: Holy Spirit baptism ( Acts 2:1-4; Acts 10:44-46 ) in each case of Holy Spirit baptism the subjects spoke with tongues there is no case of being Spirit baptized where the subjects did not speak with tongues Acts 8:14-18; 19:6 –Laying on of the apostles’ hands ( Acts 8:14-18; 19:6 ) Acts 19:5never received it by being baptized in the name of Christ ( Acts 19:5 ) Those who did receive it were: –Only those who were Holy Spirit Baptized or had the hands of the apostles laid upon them –Everyone who was not baptized with the Holy Spirit or who did not have the apostles’ hands laid on them did not receive it!
The Assemblies of God - Major Doctrines “THEN ALL BELIEVERS SHOULD SPEAK WITH TONGUES AS EVERYONE BAPTIZED IN THE SPIRIT SPOKE WITH TONGUES!” Contend that: Assemblies of God USA, see “Fundamental Truth 7,” www.ag.org “All believers are entitled to and should ardently expect and earnestly seek the promise of the Father, the baptism in the Holy Ghost and fire, according to the command of our Lord Jesus Christ. This was the normal experience of all in the early Christian church” (Assemblies of God USA, see “Fundamental Truth 7,” www.ag.org)
The Scriptures Teaching Duration of Tongue-speaking - (1 Cor. 13:8-13) they will fail whether there are tongues, they will cease it will vanish away “Love never fails. But whether there are prophecies, they will fail; whether there are tongues, they will cease ; whether there is knowledge, it will vanish away” (1 Cor. 13:8, NKJV) Love never ends in time prophesy, tongues, knowledge are temporaryprophesy, tongues, knowledge are temporary 1 Cor. 12:8-10prophesy, tongues, knowledge are three of the nine gifts mentioned in 1 Cor. 12:8-10
The Scriptures Teaching Duration of Tongue-speaking - (1 Cor. 13:8-13) “For we know in part and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part will be done away.” (1 Cor. 13:9, 10, NKJV) revelation (prophecy & knowledge) came in part would exist until perfect came “perfect” is in contrast to “part”; construction from partial to perfection (completion). identify “perfect” and you define when tongues ceased
The Scriptures Teaching Jas. 1:25“But he who looks into the perfect law of liberty and continues in it, and is not a forgetful hearer but a doer of the work, this one will be blessed in what he does” (Jas. 1:25, NKJV) –Prophesy, tongue-speaking, knowledge, etc. were given as a part to accomplish a perfect whole of revelation. Once God’s perfect law was complete, there is no more a need for the partial. –See Notes From Debate for Fuller Explanation.
In Conclusion… The Pentecostal Denomination is a human denomination. –It has the wrong starting date. –It has the wrong starting place. –It has the wrong founder. –It holds to a number of unbiblical doctrines. The Fundamental teaching of the Pentecostal Teaching Is wrong at its very core and should not be accepted by anyone wishing to follow Christ. –1 John 4:1 –1 John 4:1 – “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.” The King James Version, (Cambridge: Cambridge) 1769.
Call To Speak To US Live Now!!! Call And --- –Ask For A Copy Of This Presentation. BY EMAIL, BY FLOPPY DISK or IN PRINT. –Ask To Be Added To The Beacon’s Mailing. –Ask For A Free Bible Correspondence Course. –Check Out Our Website – www.wordandsword.com Call With A --- –Biblical Question Or Comment. Receive a Biblical Answer – “Book, Chapter and Verse”. Call Call (828)485-5555