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Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 19 Apr 2010 Bill Brewer.

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Presentation on theme: "Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 19 Apr 2010 Bill Brewer."— Presentation transcript:

1 Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 19 Apr 2010 Bill Brewer

2 William Lane Craig vs. Jamal Badawi Debate - Bill Brewer 2 4/19/2010

3 Schedule - Bill Brewer 3 4/19/2010 DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon20-22, Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

4 Lesson 14 Questions 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Resurrection of Christ The five baptisms in Matthew 2.Compare and contrast the Great Commission of chapter 28 with the Limited Commission of chapter What “apology” does Matthew make in chapter 28? - Bill Brewer 4 4/19/2010

5 Lesson 14 Questions 1.Identify at least three distinctives of Matthew’s account of Jesus’ resurrection and ascension. A.Earthquake B.Pharisees’ rumor control on the empty tomb C.Explicitly Galilean ascension of Jesus D.Explicit Great Commission with “trinitarian formula” and emphasis on baptism (but cf. Mark’s longer ending on the latter) 2.Identify five baptisms in Matthew. A.John’s baptism - Mt. 3:11 B.Holy Spirit baptism? Mt. 3:11 (see Mk 1:8) C.Baptism of fire- Mt 3:11-12 D.Baptism of Jesus (His personal baptism) - Mt 3:13-17 E.Christian baptism - Mt 28: Bill Brewer 5 4/19/2010

6 Use of Greek “kai” in the NT CoordinateHendiadyticPleonasticEpexegetic (Self-Explanation) Ascensive “plus” “many words (when one would do)” “in other words” or “even” Mt 10:4 “Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot” “to the point of” A + B = BA Noun A and Noun B Adjective B → Noun A Mt 3:11 (?) “Holy Spirit and fire” or “holy wind of fire” Mt 5:12 “Rejoice and be glad….” Mt 1:19 “... being a righteous man and [even] not wanting to disgrace her....” Mt 28:20 “... I am with you always, even to the end of the age” A A = A + A - Bill Brewer 6 1 Feb 2010 A = BA + B

7 Lesson 14 Questions 3.Compare and contrast the Great Commission of chapter 28 with the Limited Commission of chapter 10. A.Details on conduct, expectations, preparation, etc. would still seem to apply B.Restriction to Israel would be removed 4.What “apology” does Matthew make in chapter 28? A.Empty tomb (vv11-15) B.Additionally, the unbelief of some disciples (see v17, “When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some were doubtful) - Bill Brewer 7 4/19/2010

8 The Resurrection Accounts - Bill Brewer 8 4/19/2010 Mark Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bring spices Young man: “See, go tell disciples and Peter, and meet Jesus in Galilee as He said” [Long ending of Mark] Appears first to Mary Magdalene Disciples disbelieve Mary along with “country” and “at table” encounters Jesus give Markan “Great Commission” Table Ascension?Matthew Magdalene and the other Mary come to look at the grave Earthquake Angel: “Come, see, go, tell, meet Jesus in Galilee” Women meet Jesus as they go to report Jesus: “Go to Galilee” Pharisees do “rumor control” Disciples go to mountain in Galilee Jesus gives “Great Commission”John Mary Magdalene comes to the tomb and sees stone moved and body stolen Mary reports to Peter, who with beloved disciple visits tomb and believes mistaken news Mary encounters two angels and then Jesus Mary reports Cenacle encounter with disciples; Johannine “Great Commission” and “Pentecost” Jesus appears again to include Thomas Sea of Galilee encounterLuke Magdalene, Joanna, Mary mother of James, and other women come to the tomb bringing the spices Two men: “Remember how He predicted His trial, death, and resurrection” Women report; disciples disbelieve but Peter visits the tomb Emmaus and “at table” encounters Jesus: stay in city for “promise of My Father” Bethany (Luke)/Olivet (Acts) Ascension

9 4/19/ Bill Brewer

10 Matthew 27:62-64 [Picking up from last week...] 62 Now on the next day, which is the one after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, “Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, ‘After three days I am to rise again.’ 64 “Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, lest the disciples come and steal Him away and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead,’ and the last deception will be worse than the first.” - Bill Brewer 10 4/19/2010 James Tissot

11 Matthew 27: Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how.” 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone. Hagner, “There are two miscalculations here. Both Pilate and the Pharisees... Underestimate Jesus Overestimate the disciples - Bill Brewer 11 4/19/2010 James Tissot

12 Matthew 28:1 28:1 Now after the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to look at the grave. - Bill Brewer 12 4/19/2010

13 Matthew 28:2-6 2 And behold, a severe earthquake had occurred, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat upon it. 3 And his appearance was like lightning, and his garment as white as snow; 4 and the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men. 5 And the angel answered and said to the women, “Do not be afraid; for I know that you are looking for Jesus who has been crucified. 6 “He is not here, for He has risen, just as He said. Come, see the place where He was lying. - Bill Brewer 13 4/19/2010

14 Matthew 28: “And go quickly and tell His disciples that He has risen from the dead; and behold, He is going before you into Galilee, there you will see Him; behold, I have told you.” 8 And they departed quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy and ran to report it to His disciples. 9 And behold, Jesus met them and greeted them. And they came up and took hold of His feet and worshiped Him. 10 Then Jesus *said to them, “Do not be afraid; go and take word to My brethren to leave for Galilee, and there they shall see Me.” - Bill Brewer 14 4/19/2010

15 Matthew 28: Now while they were on their way, behold, some of the guard came into the city and reported to the chief priests all that had happened. 12 And when they had assembled with the elders and counseled together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, 13 and said, “You are to say, ‘His disciples came by night and stole Him away while we were asleep.’ 14 “And if this should come to the governor’s ears, we will win him over and keep you out of trouble.” 15 And they took the money and did as they had been instructed; and this story was widely spread among the Jews, and is to this day. - Bill Brewer 15 4/19/2010

16 Matthew 28: But the eleven disciples proceeded to Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had designated. 17 And when they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some were doubtful. 18 And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” - Bill Brewer 16 4/19/2010

17 Lesson 14 Questions 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … Resurrection of Christ The five baptisms in Matthew 2.Compare and contrast the Great Commission of chapter 28 with the Limited Commission of chapter What “apology” does Matthew make in chapter 28? - Bill Brewer 17 4/19/2010

18 Schedule - Bill Brewer 18 4/19/2010 DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon20-22, Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

19 Lesson 15 Questions 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … The concept of atonement Apostles 2.List six themes in the Gospel of Matthew 3.How does Matthew deal with the Old Testament? - Bill Brewer 19 4/19/2010

20 Final Exam Questions How does a view of Matthew’s gospel as “occasional literature” versus “history for history’s sake” affect its interpretation? How does a view of Matthew’s gospel as “occasional literature” versus “history for history’s sake” affect its interpretation? The “occasional approach”... Demands the “occasion” (purpose, provenance, etc.) for writing be made explicit; e.g., Matthew was written for a Jewish-Christian community who saw Jesus as the embodiment of Torah Allows for a more satisfying explanation of historical difficulties; e.g., Differences among the gospels are more differences of occasion than of history (e.g., genealogies of Matthew versus Luke) Opens up the possibility of passages being performative rather than simply informative; e.g., Exaggerated claims for faith would function as a brake on boasting Relativizes literary context vis-à-vis historical context; e.g., Sermon on Mount would apply to the Christian “dispensation” - Bill Brewer 20 4/19/2010

21 Final Exam Questions How does the notion of the church as the “inbreaking” of God’s future rule into the present fit the gospel of Matthew? The church as inbreaking kingdom is more an outcome of systematic theology than explicit Matthean theology Even so, Matthew fits the concept very well; e.g., The end-times Messiah has come End-times salvation is at hand The end-times restoration of Law has occurred The end-times cleansing of the Temple has been accomplished The end-times cleansing from sin (baptism) is present The end-times banquet (Lord’s supper) has been instituted The end-times resurrection has already begun - Bill Brewer 21 4/19/2010

22 Final Exam Questions How do NT writers (including Matthew) use the OT? Not straightforward as commonly supposed; e.g., Mt 2:15, "Out of Egypt I called my son" (cf. Hos 11:1 on the Exodus) Mt 2:18, "A voice is heard in Ramah....” (cf. Jer 31:15 about the Entry into Captivity) An explanation for how the NT uses of the OT include... Reflects Jewish way of making earlier truths relevant to later times; e.g., “you were there” (even though they weren’t), Dt 5:1-4; and “was it not written altogether for our sakes,” 1 Cor 9:10 Accords with the idea that the present can be “read back” onto the past; e.g., Levi paid tithes through Abraham (Heb 7:10) Is performative in laying claim to the OT as Christian scripture Thus, Matthew can say, “scribe instructed in kingdom...” (Mt 13:52) NT writers did not have to go to the OT for the mind of God– they already had it! - Bill Brewer 22 4/19/2010

23 Final Exam Questions Explain Matthew’s view of the church in terms of a “contrast community.” Overcoming evil rather than simply resisting it (e.g., Mt 5:39-41) Renunciation of violence (e.g., Mt 26:52) Forgiveness and reconciliation vs. life centered on the courtroom (e.g., the “six antitheses”) Servant-leadership vs. lording over others (e.g., Mt 20:25-28) Divine reversal through God’s initiative (e.g., the Beatitudes) vs. human action (e.g., Mt 12:43-45). Also see Mt 8:10-12, “many will come from the east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven; but the sons of the kingdom will be cast out into the outer darkness....” Real righteousness vs. hypocrisy (e.g., Mt 7:21-23) - Bill Brewer 23 4/19/2010

24 Final Exam Questions Demonstrate Matthew’s special interest in Peter and offer a possible explanation. Examples include “thou art Peter”– Mt 16:18; “the first Simon” – Mt 10:2; Peter walking on water – Mt 14:28ff; the two-drachma tax – Mt 17:24ff; the limits of forgiveness – Mt 18:21ff The Gospel of Matthew may have originated in Syrian Antioch, site of the confrontation between Peter and Paul described in Gal 2:11 Earliest allusions to Matthew’s gospel were by Ignatius of Antioch The Matthean community may have been roiled by factions that used Peter and Paul as their unwilling standard bearers Matthew’s gospel may in part reflect an attempt to chart a middle path between the two factions; i.e., preserving Gentile inclusion along with preeminence of Jews and Jewish law-keeping Hence favorable estimations of Gentiles; e.g., Mt 8:10-12; 21:43 Hence also Matthew’s special interest in Peter - Bill Brewer 24 4/19/2010


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