Presentation on theme: "Liturgy Chapter 9. Jesus’ New Presence & New Actions How could Jesus remain with the disciples and still go to his Father? What did he mean? How would."— Presentation transcript:
Jesus’ New Presence & New Actions How could Jesus remain with the disciples and still go to his Father? What did he mean? How would you answer them? “Whoever listens to you listens to me.” Luke 10:16 In what sense do we listen to Jesus when we listen to his disciples?
Liturgy of the Church The great mystery: through the Church’s liturgy, Christ continues the work of our salvation, which he began during his earthly ministry. Gospel – Jesus acted through the physical actions of his historical body Today – Jesus continues to act through liturgical actions of his Church (mystical body) “When the Church baptizes, it is Christ himself who baptizes.” St. Augustine
Liturgy and Sacraments Early Christians compared Baptism to the sacramentum (ritual by which recruits were initiated into the Roman army) Early Christians used the word sacrament to describe anything that revealed God’s presence in the world in a tangible way – a beautiful sunset, a loving parent. Eventually the Church reserved the word exclusively for the seven sacraments
Sacraments of Initiation: 1. Baptism – Communicants life 2. Confirmation – enriches life 3. Eucharist – nourishes life Sacraments of Healing: 1. Reconciliation – restores life 2. Anointing – fortifies life Sacraments of Service: 1. Marriage – Builds up and Spreads 2. Orders – Ministers to pastorally Sacraments are outward signs of an inward reality – “efficacious signs of grace.” Sign: 1. Sensible – perceptible to senses 2. Symbolic – suggestive of nature of the sacrament
Sacraments were instituted by Christ The sacraments were entrusted to the Church – Jesus gave the keys of the kingdom to Peter – Jesus commissioned all the Apostles to baptize, forgive, celebrate and anoint. The purpose of the sacraments is to give divine life to us “Christian liturgy not only recalls the events that save us but actualizes them, makes them present.” CCC 1104
Liturgical Year Begins the First Sunday of Advent – usually last Sunday of November Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus who came to reconcile the world to the Father The actual reconciliation, the most important event in human history, takes place on Easter: our passage with Christ from spiritual death to spiritual life – Paschal Mystery (paschal = Passover)
Chapter Test Matching 1 – e 2 – g 3 – i 4 –c 5 – a 6 – f 7 – b 8 – h 9 – d True/False 1 – T 2 – F 3 – T 4 – F 5 – T True/False 1 a. First Reading b. Gospel Reading 2 a. Baptism b. Confirmation c. Eucharist 3 a. Earthly (or equivalent) b. Mystical 4 a. Efficacious signs of grace b. Instituted by Christ c. Entrusted to the Church d. To give divine life to us
Call to Life Sacraments of Initiation: – Baptism – Gives life – Confirmation – Enriches life – Eucharist – Nourished life Got out of order with Pope Pius X in 1910 when he lowered the age of First Eucharist to the age of reason (age 7, but did not address the Sacrament of Confirmation – which was typically age 12, before 1 st Communion.) No Christian churches until after 312AD – when Constantine defeated Rome and became the Roman Emperor… because of dream before his winning battle, he made Christianity the official religion of the empire. (The Catholic Source Book) First churches were converted Roman temples and other court buildings. Where did early church meet? – Acts 3:1-10, Philemon 1:2, Romans 16:23
Sacraments of Initiation Three stages are involved in becoming a Christian: – Baptism – Confirmation – Eucharist The Church doesn’t think of them as separate ceremonies, but as three stages in one ceremony. Act as image of Trinity – three persons, one God
Colossians 2:12: “When you were baptized, you were buried with Christ, and in baptism you were also raised with Christ.” John 3:3,5: “No one can see the Kingdom of God without being born again… No one can enter the Kingdom of God without being born of water and the Spirit.”
Liturgy of Baptism Presentation of candidates: – Involves whole community – because baptism makes us brothers and sisters – we are all responsible! 3 Groups of Church : on earth, in purgatory, in heaven – Baptism of infants: Acts 16:15, 16:33, 18:8, 1 Cor 1:16 Profession of faith: – The “Apostles’ Creed” was used from earliest times as a “profession of faith” Reception of Baptism: – Baptizing: Father, Son, Holy Spirit – Anointing: Prophet, Priest, King – Clothing (white, new garment): Action, Symbolism – Lighting (candle): Action, Symbolism
Stained glass picture on page 133: Which symbol goes with each meaning: Graced by the Holy Spirit Dove New life and cleansing Water Gold streak – Chrism anointing Oil Enlightened by Christ Candle
A story: A farm boy had a fear of the dark. One night his father told him To go out to the barn to feed the horses. The boy turned pale. When his father saw this, He stepped out into the darkness Lit a lantern, held it up, and said, “How far can you see?” The boy said, I can see halfway to the barn.” The Father said, “Good! Go halfway.” When the boy reached the halfway point, The father shouted, “Now how far can you see?” The boy called back, “I can see the barn.” The father said, “Good! Walk to the barn door, Open it, and tell me what you see.” The boy shouted back, “I see the horses.” The father said, “Good! Now feed them.” How does this story relate to baptism?
Grace of Baptism Starting our faith journey and continuing on it are works of grace. Sanctifying Grace – Divine life (CCC 1999) This “grace of Christ” is “God’s own life. It is” infused by the Holy Spirit to heal our soul “of sin and to sanctify it. It is the sanctifying or defying grace received in Baptism.” Actual Grace –Divine help (Hebrews 4:16) “Let us have confidence, then, and approach God’s throne… There we will… find grace to help us just when we need it.”
The gift of Baptism: - puts us right with God - gives us a share in God’s life - relates us intimately to the Trinity: - by virtue of Baptism, we become - adopted children of God - members of Christ’s body - temples of the Holy Spirit
Minister of Baptism Ordinarily a bishop, priest or deacon In an emergency – anyone can baptize – even an unbaptized person! The minister of baptism must intend to do what the Church does – pouring water over the person and reciting: I baptize you In the name of the Father, And of the Son, And of the Holy Spirit Water ritual and Word ritual
Chapter Test Matching 1 – e: Placed upon the baptized 2 – f: Symbol of death & rebirth 3 – c: Symbol of Christ 4 – d: Famous anthropologist 5 – b: Wrote “Amazing Grace” 6 – a: Oil used in Baptism True/False 1 – T 2 – F 3 – F 4 – T 5 – T 6 – T Fill in the Blanks: 1.The three ordinary ministers of Baptism are: a. Bishop b. priest c. deacon 2.Three minimal requirements needed to baptize in an emergency: a.Intention to do what Church does b.Recite baptismal formula c.Pour water on person while reciting (b) 3.We define a Sacrament in a four-fold manner.It is: a.Efficacious sign of grace b.Instituted by Christ c.Entrusted to the Church d.To give divine life to us 4.Baptism relates us to the Trinity in the following three-fold way. It is: a.People of God b.Body of Christ c.Temple of the Holy Spirit
One Tooth – a story Read on page 140 Discuss: How does this story relate to the sacrament of Confirmation? – One of the purposes of the decent of the Spirit upon us in Confirmation is to mission and empower us to spread the Gospel by word and example. This is what “one Tooth” did so beautifully.
Coming of the Holy Spirit Review the contrast and symbolic link between Pentecost and Babel pages 92-93 – Babel – sin divides All people spoke one language Wanted to make a tower to the sky to be as great as God God mixed up their languages and scattered then across the earth – Pentecost – Spirit reunites People spoke many languages Each heard the disciples speaking in his/her language A sign that what happened t h Tower of Babel in now being reversed. The Spirit will unite the peoples of the world Part of God’s plan to re-create the world
Sharing the Spirit Read “Share Your Meditation” on page 142 Discuss questions…
The Sacrament We receive the same full outpouring of the holy Spirit that the disciples received when the Holy Spirit descended upon them on Pentecost. (CCC 1302)
Liturgy Invitation – Different liturgy for youth being Confirmed years after Baptism and Confirmation after Baptism at Easter Vigil Laying on of Hands – Read Bishop’s prayer on pg 143 – Name 7 gifts of the Spirit: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, fear of God Anointing with Chrism – In OT times, three groups of people were anointed: Prophets (Elijah)1 Kings 19:16 Priests (Aaron)Exodus 29:7 King (David)1 Samuel 16:13
Purpose Sharing the Mission of Jesus – Prophet – Teach and witness to Christ – Priest – Offer ourselves with Christ – King – Build up Body of Christ Ancient soldiers were sealed with a tattoo. It showed they belonged to a certain king. Ancient Christians were “sealed” with the “Gift of the Holy Spirit” to show they belonged to Jesus.
Grace The four graces of Confirmation: – 1. Perfects what was begun at Baptism – 2. Deepens our relationship with the Trinity – 3. Strengthens our bond with the Church – 4. Missions us to spread the Gospel
Chapter Test Matching 1 – c: Preached to Samaritans 2 – f: Holy Spirit descends on disciples 3 – a: Adult Catholics usually enter Church 4 – d: Imposed hands on Samaritans 5 – e: Similar to ancient Roman military rite 6 – b: Used in Confirmation to anoint forehead True/False 1 – F 2 – T 3 – F 4 – F 5 – T 6 – T Fill in the Blanks: 1.List & explain the 3-fold missions of Jesus to which the sacrament of Confirmation calls & empowers us. a.Prophet b.Teach and witness to Christ’s Divinity c.Priest d.Offer selves with Christ e.King f.Build up Body of Christ 2.The fourfold grace of the sacrament of Confirmation includes the following: a.Perfects what was begun in Baptism b.Deepens our relationship with Trinity c.Strengthens our bond with Church d.Missions us to spread the Gospel 3.The Liturgy of Confirmation involves the following 3 stages: a.Invitation b.Laying on of Hands c.Anointing with Chrism