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Liturgy Chapter 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Liturgy Chapter 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Liturgy Chapter 9

2 Jesus’ New Presence & New Actions
How could Jesus remain with the disciples and still go to his Father? What did he mean? How would you answer them? “Whoever listens to you listens to me.” Luke 10:16 In what sense do we listen to Jesus when we listen to his disciples?

3 Liturgy of the Church The great mystery: through the Church’s liturgy, Christ continues the work of our salvation, which he began during his earthly ministry. Gospel – Jesus acted through the physical actions of his historical body Today – Jesus continues to act through liturgical actions of his Church (mystical body) “When the Church baptizes, it is Christ himself who baptizes.” St. Augustine

4 Liturgy and Sacraments
Early Christians compared Baptism to the sacramentum (ritual by which recruits were initiated into the Roman army) Early Christians used the word sacrament to describe anything that revealed God’s presence in the world in a tangible way – a beautiful sunset, a loving parent. Eventually the Church reserved the word exclusively for the seven sacraments

5 Sacraments of Initiation:
1. Baptism – Communicants life 2. Confirmation – enriches life 3. Eucharist – nourishes life Sacraments of Healing: 1. Reconciliation – restores life 2. Anointing – fortifies life Sacraments of Service: 1. Marriage – Builds up and Spreads 2. Orders – Ministers to pastorally Sacraments are outward signs of an inward reality – “efficacious signs of grace.” Sign: 1. Sensible – perceptible to senses 2. Symbolic – suggestive of nature of the sacrament

6 Sacraments were instituted by Christ
The sacraments were entrusted to the Church Jesus gave the keys of the kingdom to Peter Jesus commissioned all the Apostles to baptize, forgive, celebrate and anoint. The purpose of the sacraments is to give divine life to us “Christian liturgy not only recalls the events that save us but actualizes them, makes them present.” CCC 1104

7 Liturgical Year Begins the First Sunday of Advent – usually last Sunday of November Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus who came to reconcile the world to the Father The actual reconciliation, the most important event in human history, takes place on Easter: our passage with Christ from spiritual death to spiritual life Paschal Mystery (paschal = Passover)

8 Chapter Test True/False
1 a. First Reading b. Gospel Reading 2 a. Baptism b. Confirmation c. Eucharist 3 a. Earthly (or equivalent) b. Mystical 4 a. Efficacious signs of grace b. Instituted by Christ c. Entrusted to the Church d. To give divine life to us Matching 1 – e 2 – g 3 – i 4 –c 5 – a 6 – f 7 – b 8 – h 9 – d True/False 1 – T 2 – F 3 – T 4 – F 5 – T

9 Baptism Chapter 10

10 Call to Life Sacraments of Initiation:
Baptism – Gives life Confirmation – Enriches life Eucharist – Nourished life Got out of order with Pope Pius X in 1910 when he lowered the age of First Eucharist to the age of reason (age 7, but did not address the Sacrament of Confirmation – which was typically age 12, before 1st Communion.) No Christian churches until after 312AD – when Constantine defeated Rome and became the Roman Emperor… because of dream before his winning battle, he made Christianity the official religion of the empire. (The Catholic Source Book) First churches were converted Roman temples and other court buildings. Where did early church meet? Acts 3:1-10, Philemon 1:2, Romans 16:23

11 Sacraments of Initiation
Three stages are involved in becoming a Christian: Baptism Confirmation Eucharist The Church doesn’t think of them as separate ceremonies, but as three stages in one ceremony. Act as image of Trinity – three persons, one God

12 Colossians 2:12: “When you were baptized, you were buried with Christ, and in baptism you were also raised with Christ.” John 3:3,5: “No one can see the Kingdom of God without being born again… No one can enter the Kingdom of God without being born of water and the Spirit.”

13 Liturgy of Baptism Presentation of candidates: Profession of faith:
Involves whole community – because baptism makes us brothers and sisters – we are all responsible! 3 Groups of Church : on earth, in purgatory, in heaven Baptism of infants: Acts 16:15, 16:33, 18:8, 1 Cor 1:16 Profession of faith: The “Apostles’ Creed” was used from earliest times as a “profession of faith” Reception of Baptism: Baptizing: Father, Son, Holy Spirit Anointing: Prophet, Priest, King Clothing (white, new garment): Action, Symbolism Lighting (candle): Action, Symbolism

14 Stained glass picture on page 133:
Which symbol goes with each meaning: Graced by the Holy Spirit Dove New life and cleansing Water Gold streak – Chrism anointing Oil Enlightened by Christ Candle

15 A farm boy had a fear of the dark. One night his father told him
A story: A farm boy had a fear of the dark. One night his father told him To go out to the barn to feed the horses. The boy turned pale. When his father saw this, He stepped out into the darkness Lit a lantern, held it up, and said, “How far can you see?” The boy said, I can see halfway to the barn.” The Father said, “Good! Go halfway.” When the boy reached the halfway point, The father shouted, “Now how far can you see?” The boy called back, “I can see the barn.” The father said, “Good! Walk to the barn door, Open it, and tell me what you see.” The boy shouted back, “I see the horses.” The father said, “Good! Now feed them.” How does this story relate to baptism?

16 Grace of Baptism Starting our faith journey and continuing on it are works of grace. Sanctifying Grace – Divine life (CCC 1999) This “grace of Christ” is “God’s own life. It is” infused by the Holy Spirit to heal our soul “of sin and to sanctify it. It is the sanctifying or defying grace received in Baptism.” Actual Grace –Divine help (Hebrews 4:16) “Let us have confidence, then, and approach God’s throne… There we will… find grace to help us just when we need it.”

17 The gift of Baptism: - puts us right with God - gives us a share in God’s life - relates us intimately to the Trinity: - by virtue of Baptism, we become - adopted children of God - members of Christ’s body - temples of the Holy Spirit

18 Minister of Baptism Ordinarily a bishop, priest or deacon
In an emergency – anyone can baptize – even an unbaptized person! The minister of baptism must intend to do what the Church does – pouring water over the person and reciting: I baptize you In the name of the Father, And of the Son, And of the Holy Spirit Water ritual and Word ritual

19 Chapter Test Matching 1 – e: Placed upon the baptized 2 – f: Symbol of death & rebirth 3 – c: Symbol of Christ 4 – d: Famous anthropologist 5 – b: Wrote “Amazing Grace” 6 – a: Oil used in Baptism Fill in the Blanks: The three ordinary ministers of Baptism are: a. Bishop b. priest c. deacon Three minimal requirements needed to baptize in an emergency: Intention to do what Church does Recite baptismal formula Pour water on person while reciting (b) We define a Sacrament in a four-fold manner .It is: Efficacious sign of grace Instituted by Christ Entrusted to the Church To give divine life to us Baptism relates us to the Trinity in the following three-fold way. It is: People of God Body of Christ Temple of the Holy Spirit True/False 1 – T 2 – F 3 – F 4 – T 5 – T 6 – T

20 Confirmation Chapter 11

21 One Tooth – a story Read on page 140
Discuss: How does this story relate to the sacrament of Confirmation? One of the purposes of the decent of the Spirit upon us in Confirmation is to mission and empower us to spread the Gospel by word and example. This is what “one Tooth” did so beautifully.

22 Coming of the Holy Spirit
Review the contrast and symbolic link between Pentecost and Babel pages 92-93 Babel – sin divides All people spoke one language Wanted to make a tower to the sky to be as great as God God mixed up their languages and scattered then across the earth Pentecost – Spirit reunites People spoke many languages Each heard the disciples speaking in his/her language A sign that what happened t h Tower of Babel in now being reversed. The Spirit will unite the peoples of the world Part of God’s plan to re-create the world

23 Sharing the Spirit Read “Share Your Meditation” on page 142
Discuss questions…

24 The Sacrament We receive the same full outpouring of the holy Spirit that the disciples received when the Holy Spirit descended upon them on Pentecost. (CCC 1302)

25 Liturgy Invitation Laying on of Hands Anointing with Chrism
Different liturgy for youth being Confirmed years after Baptism and Confirmation after Baptism at Easter Vigil Laying on of Hands Read Bishop’s prayer on pg 143 Name 7 gifts of the Spirit: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, fear of God Anointing with Chrism In OT times, three groups of people were anointed: Prophets (Elijah) 1 Kings 19:16 Priests (Aaron) Exodus 29:7 King (David) 1 Samuel 16:13

26 Sharing the Mission of Jesus
Purpose Sharing the Mission of Jesus Prophet – Teach and witness to Christ Priest – Offer ourselves with Christ King – Build up Body of Christ Ancient soldiers were sealed with a tattoo. It showed they belonged to a certain king. Ancient Christians were “sealed” with the “Gift of the Holy Spirit” to show they belonged to Jesus.

27 Grace The four graces of Confirmation:
1. Perfects what was begun at Baptism 2. Deepens our relationship with the Trinity 3. Strengthens our bond with the Church 4. Missions us to spread the Gospel

28 Chapter Test Fill in the Blanks: True/False 1 – F 2 – T 3 – F 4 – F
List & explain the 3-fold missions of Jesus to which the sacrament of Confirmation calls & empowers us. Prophet Teach and witness to Christ’s Divinity Priest Offer selves with Christ King Build up Body of Christ The fourfold grace of the sacrament of Confirmation includes the following: Perfects what was begun in Baptism Deepens our relationship with Trinity Strengthens our bond with Church Missions us to spread the Gospel The Liturgy of Confirmation involves the following 3 stages: Invitation Laying on of Hands Anointing with Chrism Matching 1 – c: Preached to Samaritans 2 – f: Holy Spirit descends on disciples 3 – a: Adult Catholics usually enter Church 4 – d: Imposed hands on Samaritans 5 – e: Similar to ancient Roman military rite 6 – b: Used in Confirmation to anoint forehead True/False 1 – F 2 – T 3 – F 4 – F 5 – T 6 – T

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