2 Jesus’ New Presence & New Actions How could Jesus remain with the disciples and still go to his Father? What did he mean?How would you answer them?“Whoever listens to you listens to me.” Luke 10:16In what sense do we listen to Jesus when we listen to his disciples?
3 Liturgy of the ChurchThe great mystery: through the Church’s liturgy, Christ continues the work of our salvation, which he began during his earthly ministry.Gospel – Jesus acted through the physical actions of his historical bodyToday – Jesus continues to act through liturgical actions of his Church (mystical body)“When the Church baptizes, it is Christ himself who baptizes.” St. Augustine
4 Liturgy and Sacraments Early Christians compared Baptism to the sacramentum (ritual by which recruits were initiated into the Roman army)Early Christians used the word sacrament to describe anything that revealed God’s presence in the world in a tangible way – a beautiful sunset, a loving parent.Eventually the Church reserved the word exclusively for the seven sacraments
5 Sacraments of Initiation: 1. Baptism – Communicants life2. Confirmation – enriches life3. Eucharist – nourishes lifeSacraments of Healing:1. Reconciliation – restores life2. Anointing – fortifies lifeSacraments of Service:1. Marriage – Builds up and Spreads2. Orders – Ministers to pastorallySacraments are outward signs of an inward reality – “efficacious signs of grace.”Sign:1. Sensible – perceptible to senses2. Symbolic – suggestive of nature of the sacrament
6 Sacraments were instituted by Christ The sacraments were entrusted to the ChurchJesus gave the keys of the kingdom to PeterJesus commissioned all the Apostles to baptize, forgive, celebrate and anoint.The purpose of the sacraments is to give divine life to us“Christian liturgy not only recalls the events that save us but actualizes them, makes them present.” CCC 1104
7 Liturgical YearBegins the First Sunday of Advent – usually last Sunday of NovemberChristmas celebrates the birth of Jesus who came to reconcile the world to the FatherThe actual reconciliation, the most important event in human history, takes place on Easter: our passage with Christ from spiritual death to spiritual lifePaschal Mystery (paschal = Passover)
8 Chapter Test True/False 1 a. First Readingb. Gospel Reading2 a. Baptismb. Confirmationc. Eucharist3 a. Earthly (or equivalent)b. Mystical4 a. Efficacious signs of graceb. Instituted by Christc. Entrusted to the Churchd. To give divine life to usMatching 1 – e 2 – g 3 – i 4 –c 5 – a 6 – f 7 – b 8 – h 9 – dTrue/False1 – T2 – F3 – T4 – F5 – T
10 Call to Life Sacraments of Initiation: Baptism – Gives lifeConfirmation – Enriches lifeEucharist – Nourished lifeGot out of order with Pope Pius X in 1910 when he lowered the age of First Eucharist to the age of reason (age 7, but did not address the Sacrament of Confirmation – which was typically age 12, before 1st Communion.)No Christian churches until after 312AD – when Constantine defeated Rome and became the Roman Emperor… because of dream before his winning battle, he made Christianity the official religion of the empire. (The Catholic Source Book) First churches were converted Roman temples and other court buildings.Where did early church meet?Acts 3:1-10, Philemon 1:2, Romans 16:23
11 Sacraments of Initiation Three stages are involved in becoming a Christian:BaptismConfirmationEucharistThe Church doesn’t think of them as separate ceremonies, but as three stages in one ceremony.Act as image of Trinity – three persons, one God
12 Colossians 2:12:“When you were baptized,you were buried with Christ,and in baptismyou were also raised with Christ.”John 3:3,5:“No one can see the Kingdom of Godwithout being born again…No one can enter the Kingdom of Godwithout being born of water and the Spirit.”
13 Liturgy of Baptism Presentation of candidates: Profession of faith: Involves whole community – because baptism makes us brothers and sisters – we are all responsible!3 Groups of Church : on earth, in purgatory, in heavenBaptism of infants: Acts 16:15, 16:33, 18:8, 1 Cor 1:16Profession of faith:The “Apostles’ Creed” was used from earliest times as a “profession of faith”Reception of Baptism:Baptizing: Father, Son, Holy SpiritAnointing: Prophet, Priest, KingClothing (white, new garment): Action, SymbolismLighting (candle): Action, Symbolism
14 Stained glass picture on page 133: Which symbol goes with each meaning:Graced by the Holy SpiritDoveNew life and cleansingWaterGold streak – Chrism anointingOilEnlightened by ChristCandle
15 A farm boy had a fear of the dark. One night his father told him A story:A farm boy had a fear of the dark.One night his father told himTo go out to the barn to feed the horses.The boy turned pale.When his father saw this,He stepped out into the darknessLit a lantern, held it up, and said,“How far can you see?” The boy said,I can see halfway to the barn.” TheFather said, “Good! Go halfway.”When the boy reached the halfway point,The father shouted, “Now how far can you see?” The boy called back,“I can see the barn.” The father said, “Good! Walk to the barn door,Open it, and tell me what you see.”The boy shouted back, “I see the horses.”The father said, “Good! Now feed them.”How does this story relate to baptism?
16 Grace of BaptismStarting our faith journey and continuing on it are works of grace.Sanctifying Grace – Divine life(CCC 1999) This “grace of Christ” is “God’s own life.It is” infused by the Holy Spirit to heal our soul“of sin and to sanctify it. It is the sanctifying or defying grace received in Baptism.”Actual Grace –Divine help(Hebrews 4:16) “Let us have confidence, then, andapproach God’s throne… There we will… find grace to help us just when we need it.”
17 The gift of Baptism: - puts us right with God - gives us a share in God’s life - relates us intimately to the Trinity: - by virtue of Baptism, we become - adopted children of God - members of Christ’s body - temples of the Holy Spirit
18 Minister of Baptism Ordinarily a bishop, priest or deacon In an emergency – anyone can baptize – even an unbaptized person!The minister of baptism must intend to do what the Church does – pouring water over the person and reciting:I baptize youIn the name of the Father,And of the Son,And of the Holy SpiritWater ritual and Word ritual
19 Chapter TestMatching 1 – e: Placed upon the baptized 2 – f: Symbol of death & rebirth 3 – c: Symbol of Christ 4 – d: Famous anthropologist 5 – b: Wrote “Amazing Grace” 6 – a: Oil used in BaptismFill in the Blanks:The three ordinary ministers of Baptism are:a. Bishop b. priest c. deaconThree minimal requirements needed to baptize in an emergency:Intention to do what Church doesRecite baptismal formulaPour water on person while reciting (b)We define a Sacrament in a four-fold manner .It is:Efficacious sign of graceInstituted by ChristEntrusted to the ChurchTo give divine life to usBaptism relates us to the Trinity in the following three-fold way. It is:People of GodBody of ChristTemple of the Holy SpiritTrue/False1 – T2 – F3 – F4 – T5 – T6 – T
21 One Tooth – a story Read on page 140 Discuss: How does this story relate to the sacrament of Confirmation?One of the purposes of the decent of the Spirit upon us in Confirmation is to mission and empower us to spread the Gospel by word and example. This is what “one Tooth” did so beautifully.
22 Coming of the Holy Spirit Review the contrast and symbolic link between Pentecost and Babel pages 92-93Babel – sin dividesAll people spoke one languageWanted to make a tower to the sky to be as great as GodGod mixed up their languages and scattered then across the earthPentecost – Spirit reunitesPeople spoke many languagesEach heard the disciples speaking in his/her languageA sign that what happened t h Tower of Babel in now being reversed.The Spirit will unite the peoples of the worldPart of God’s plan to re-create the world
23 Sharing the Spirit Read “Share Your Meditation” on page 142 Discuss questions…
24 The SacramentWe receive the same full outpouring of the holy Spirit that the disciples received when the Holy Spirit descended upon them on Pentecost. (CCC 1302)
25 Liturgy Invitation Laying on of Hands Anointing with Chrism Different liturgy for youth being Confirmed years after Baptism and Confirmation after Baptism at Easter VigilLaying on of HandsRead Bishop’s prayer on pg 143Name 7 gifts of the Spirit: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, fear of GodAnointing with ChrismIn OT times, three groups of people were anointed:Prophets (Elijah) 1 Kings 19:16Priests (Aaron) Exodus 29:7King (David) 1 Samuel 16:13
26 Sharing the Mission of Jesus PurposeSharing the Mission of JesusProphet – Teach and witness to ChristPriest – Offer ourselves with ChristKing – Build up Body of ChristAncient soldiers were sealed with a tattoo. It showed they belonged to a certain king.Ancient Christians were “sealed” with the “Gift of the Holy Spirit” to show they belonged to Jesus.
27 Grace The four graces of Confirmation: 1. Perfects what was begun at Baptism2. Deepens our relationship with the Trinity3. Strengthens our bond with the Church4. Missions us to spread the Gospel
28 Chapter Test Fill in the Blanks: True/False 1 – F 2 – T 3 – F 4 – F List & explain the 3-fold missions of Jesus to which the sacrament of Confirmation calls & empowers us.ProphetTeach and witness to Christ’s DivinityPriestOffer selves with ChristKingBuild up Body of ChristThe fourfold grace of the sacrament of Confirmation includes the following:Perfects what was begun in BaptismDeepens our relationship with TrinityStrengthens our bond with ChurchMissions us to spread the GospelThe Liturgy of Confirmation involves the following 3 stages:InvitationLaying on of HandsAnointing with ChrismMatching1 – c: Preached to Samaritans2 – f: Holy Spirit descends on disciples3 – a: Adult Catholics usually enter Church4 – d: Imposed hands on Samaritans5 – e: Similar to ancient Roman military rite6 – b: Used in Confirmation to anoint foreheadTrue/False1 – F2 – T3 – F4 – F5 – T6 – T
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