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Tuesday- Warm-up Glue the reading passage on your desk on page 7 in your notebook. After reading the passage perform the following tasks: 1. Think of a.

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Presentation on theme: "Tuesday- Warm-up Glue the reading passage on your desk on page 7 in your notebook. After reading the passage perform the following tasks: 1. Think of a."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tuesday- Warm-up Glue the reading passage on your desk on page 7 in your notebook. After reading the passage perform the following tasks: 1. Think of a title for this passage and write it above the reading 2. Underline the sentence that best explains the conditions in Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. 3. Highlight the word “sack” in the first paragraph and write a definition(in your own words) to the right of that first paragraph 4. Circle three changes or events in the reading that led to the Renaissance in Europe

2 The Protestant Reformation

3 Background Information In the 16 th century, anger and frustration at the Catholic Church, combined with the spread of attractive new ideas, caused many Europeans to break away from the Catholic Church and, establish a new form of Christianity – Protestantism

4 Causes Distrust in the Church because of the Black Death Anger at indulgences (the act of paying money to the Church to have a sin forgiven) Anger at corruption (improper use of money) by many leaders in the Church Stronger monarchies made the Church less important Scientific discoveries during the Scientific Revolution challenged the teachings and power of the Church Invention of the printing press allowed new ideas to spread much more quickly Increase in literacy during the Renaissance allowed people to read arguments against the Church

5 The Beginnings In response, people began to protest the Catholic Church The movement to reform (change in order to improve) the Catholic Church was known as the Protestant Reformation Above, people burn documents of the Catholic Church to show their protest

6 Martin Luther The most famous Protestant leader was Martin Luther In 1517, he posted his 95 Theses (a list of what he thought was wrong with the Catholic Church) on the door of a Catholic Church in Wittenburg, Germany He also translated The Bible into German(language of the commoner) Luther criticized: Indulgences The power of the Pope The huge wealth of the Catholic Church Luther’s teachings later became known as Lutheranism(a branch of Protestantism)

7 Spreading the Reformation Johannes Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press in 1450 made it possible for Luther to copy the 95 Theses and spread his beliefs Soon, people all across Europe were reading his ideas and reform movements began in many other European countries

8 John Calvin Another important Protestant leader was John Calvin Expressed his concerns about the abuses of the French Catholic Church Later was forced to flee France and traveled through both Switzerland and Italy published Institutes of the Christian Religion Criticized Catholic Church Support Protestant Reformation Outlined how he felt people should worship God His teachings later became known as Calvinism(branch of Protestantism

9 Effects Weakened the power of the Pope and Catholic Church Strengthened the power of monarchs, who had been arguing with the Church for a long time over who had more power – a king or the pope Caused multiple violent religious wars between Catholics and Protestants Split European countries into two groups (in general, northern European countries became Protestant, while southern European countries remained Catholic)

10 Protestant Catholic -Jesus lived, was crucified and resurrected. -Communion and baptism are very important - Jesus offers salvation but you must work to get it. -Salvation is. the free gift of God, you cannot earn it. -Popes can forgive sins. -Only God can forgive sins - Regular church members help make decisions. -Only clergy make decisions in the church.

11 The Counter Reformation The Council of Trent- meeting of Catholic leaders to make changes in response to Reformation Most important change: NO MORE SELLING INDULGENCES(can still have them but cannot sell them) Both churches were now competing for members Missionaries were sent out by both churches to find new converts That competition soon spread from Europe to Asia and even the “New World” with the discovery of the Americas

12 Student Activity -- Homework Turn to the back of page #7 in your notebook and copy the EQ at the top of the page: What was the Protestant Reformation? Under the EQ you will be creating a Wanted Poster for one of the historical figures involved in the Protestant Reformation(ie Martin Luther, John Calvin, etc) You should include the person’s crimes(How or why are they involved in the Protestant Reformation? What are their beliefs?)


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