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Early Christianity Apostolic Post Apostolic / Ante-Nicene Post Apostolic / Ante-Nicene Union with Roman Empire Medieval Christianity 1-100 AD100-325 AD325-800.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Christianity Apostolic Post Apostolic / Ante-Nicene Post Apostolic / Ante-Nicene Union with Roman Empire Medieval Christianity 1-100 AD100-325 AD325-800."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Early Christianity Apostolic Post Apostolic / Ante-Nicene Post Apostolic / Ante-Nicene Union with Roman Empire Medieval Christianity AD AD AD AD

3 Who was the last apostle to die and when?

4 Judas Iscariot 31 ADHung himself James, Son of Zebedee ADBeheaded by Herod Agrippa I Philip 54 ADCrucified Matthew ADBeheaded in Ethiopia James, Son of Alpheus 63 ADStoned / Clubbed Peter ADInverted crucifixion Paul 67 ADBeheaded Andrew 70 ADCrucified Bartholomew 70 ADFlayed / Crucified Thomas 70 ADSpeared Matthias 70 ADStoned /Crucified Jude 72 ADBeaten with sticks Simon 74 ADCrucified John 95 ADOld age

5 Great Fire of Rome 64 AD

6 Persecutions Persecution of Christians

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9 ΙΧΘΥΣ Ι ησουςIesousJesus Χ ριστóςXristosChrist, Θ εο ῦ TheouGod’s Υ ἱ ός YiosSon, Σ ωτήρSotareSaviour ἰ χθύς ichthysfish

10 Great Persecution AD

11 What does BC and AD mean? BC AD Before Christ Anno Domini In the year of the Lord

12 Constantine the Great

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14 Early Church Emergence of leadership structure – Episkopos, presbyters, deacons Heresies and apologists – Gnostics, Ebionites, Nazarenes Iconography Monasticism – Desert hermit-monks The Good Shepherd 3 rd century

15 Gnosticism

16 AmbroseJeromeAugustineGregory the Great Western Church Eastern Church BasilAthanasiusGregory of NazianzusJohn Chrysostom

17 Apostles’ Creed I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended to the dead. On the third day he rose again; he ascended into heaven, he is seated at the right hand of the Father, and he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

18 We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father; by whom all things were made; who for us men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, and was made man; he was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered, and was buried, and the third day he rose again, according to the Scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father; from thence he shall come again, with glory, to judge the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end. And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped and glorified, who spake by the prophets. In one holy catholic and apostolic Church; we acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; we look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen. Nicene Creed

19 First Seven Ecumenical Councils 381 AD Constantinople (1 st ) 325 AD Nicaea (1 st ) 431 AD Ephesus 451 AD Chalcedon 553 AD Constantinople (2 nd ) 680 AD Constantinople (3 rd ) 787 AD Nicaea (2 nd ) Nicene Creed Date of Easter Add Holy Spirit to Nicene Creed Mary is Mother of God Jesus has two natures Venerated holy images Jesus has two wills Address heresies

20 Nicene Creed HERETICS Punching them won’t stop people believing their lies, but it feels so good

21 AmbroseJeromeAugustineGregory the Great Western Church Eastern Church BasilAthanasiusGregory of NazianzusJohn Chrysostom

22 St Augustine of Hippo Salvation through grace Original sin Baptisms are conferred by Christ (not priest) Baptism necessary for salvation Children are tainted by original sin and thus baptism is allowable, and necessary Damnation of unbaptised infants Predestination Just war theory

23 AmbroseJeromeAugustineGregory the Great Western Church Eastern Church BasilAthanasiusGregory of NazianzusJohn Chrysostom

24 Catholic Protestant Eastern Orthodox Oriental Orthodox Restorationism Church of the East Denominations

25 Catholic1.2 billion Protestant million Eastern Orthodox280 million Oriental Orthodox82 million Restorationism49 million Church of the East0.6 million

26 Great Schism Disputes with: – Filioque in Nicene Creed Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father (and the Son) – Papal supremacy – Original sin – Immaculate conception – Purgatory Excommunications withdrawn in 1995

27 Oriental Orthodox Ethiopian Orthodox48 million Coptic Orthodox15.5 million Armenian Apostolic9.5 million Ertrean Orthodox2.5 million Malankara Orthodox2 million Syriac Orthodox1 million Jacobite Syrian Christian1.2 million

28 Eastern Orthodox Russian125 million Romanian23 million Greek18.6 million Ukrainian13.7 million Serbian11.5 million Bulgarian10 million Georgian5 million

29 Protestantism Pentecostal130 million Baptist100 million Anglican85 million Nondenominational80 million Lutheran75 million Methodist75 million Reformed75 million African40 million Seventh-day Adventist17 million

30 Restorationism Latter Day Saints15.1 million Iglesia ni Cristo10 million New Apostolic Church10 million Jehovah’s Witnesses7.7 million Church of Christ, Scientist0.4 million Friends of Man0.07 million Christadelphians0.06 million

31 St. Thomas Christians 2M 1.1M 35k 3.8M 0.5M 1.2M 50k

32 AmbroseJeromeAugustineGregory the Great Western Church Eastern Church BasilAthanasiusGregory of NazianzusJohn Chrysostom

33 St. Thomas Christians 2M 1.1M 35k 3.8M 0.5M 1.2M 50k

34 Church of the East Assyrian Church of the East0.5 million Ancient Church of the East0.1 million

35 Catholic Roman Catholic Church1.1 billion Eastern Catholic Churches17 million Breakaway Catholic Churches25 million


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