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Group 3 2012-2013 Church History What’s the Difference? Canadian Reformed Churches in relation to the Christian Reformed Church Read: I Timothy 3 Sing:

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Presentation on theme: "Group 3 2012-2013 Church History What’s the Difference? Canadian Reformed Churches in relation to the Christian Reformed Church Read: I Timothy 3 Sing:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Group Church History What’s the Difference? Canadian Reformed Churches in relation to the Christian Reformed Church Read: I Timothy 3 Sing: Hy. 52:1,3

2  The purpose of this lesson is to teach the difference between the Christian Reformed Church and the Canadian Reformed Churches. By the end of this lesson you will know  Why the Canadian Reformed Churches were established  When the Canadian Reformed Churches were established  About the growing gap with the Christian Reformed Churches  About the growing unity with the United Reformed Churches Purpose of this lesson

3  1618/19: Synod Dort firmly established Reformed Churches in the Netherlands  Reformed Doctrine (in Three Forms of Unity)  Reformed church government (Church Order of Dort) – church free from the government  1816: Undid 1618  Doctrine: Three Forms of Unity no longer functioned as confessional basis  Church government: Government took over rule of the church Summary of Background

4  19 th Century saw two reformations, return to the Reformed Confessions and Reformed church government  1834 Secession (= separation) led by Rev. H. de Cock  People from the Secession churches immigrated to the US, which became the beginning of the Christian Reformed Church  1886 Doleantie (=mourning – the sad situation in the church) – led by Rev. Abraham Kuyper  Most of the churches from these two groups united in 1892 – known as Union of 1892 Two Reformation and a Union

5  The Churches that United in 1892 initially flourished  Tensions began to arise in the 1930s especially over the doctrine of infant baptism  Key figure: Dr. K. Schilder Developments in the 20 th century

6 The issue: On what basis do we baptize the children of believers? Synods of 1942/43  Baptism is a sign and seal of regeneration/faith.  We baptize children presuming they are regenerated  Presumptive regeneration  If they grow up not to believe, their baptism was not real Concerned Reformed People  Baptism is a sign and seal of God’s covenant promises  Baptism is based on the command and promise of God  All children receive the same promise, and are called to faith.

7  Synods held in 1942 and 1943  Demanded that all ministers and members accept the view of presumptive regeneration as basis for baptism  Deposed ministers and elders who did not accept it  This led to many churches liberating (freeing) themselves from the judgments of the Synods and form a new church federation.  Known as “Liberated Reformed Churches”  This took place in 1944: Hence, the Liberation of 1944.

8  Summary of key issues:  Doctrine: unscriptural doctrine of baptism was forced on people  Church government: synods took it upon themselves to depose ministers and elders – only consistories have that authority.

9  Reformed Church scene in the Netherlands around 1945  Those who obeyed the Synod: approx. 900,000 people  Called “Synodical”  Those who Liberated: approx. 100,000 people  Called “Liberated”

10  After Second World War (WW II), many people immigrated to Canada, including people from the Synodical and Liberated churches  Canada had about 14 Christian Reformed Churches (CRC)  There were also some Protestant Reformed Churches, which had separated from the CRC in From the Netherlands to Canada

11  Liberated immigrants tried to join these churches  Protestant Reformed Churches demanded people basically accept view of baptism they had argued over in the Netherlands.  CRC’s informed Liberated people that they could join CRC, but they should not talk about Dutch Church problems  When the CRC had to decide which side they were on, Synodical or Liberated, they sided with the Synodical side.

12  Liberated Dutch immigrants could not in good conscience join any of the existing Reformed churches and so instituted new churches  First in Western Canada:  1950 April 16: Coaldale  First in Eastern Canada  1950 August 13: Orangeville. Institution of Canadian Reformed Churches

13  Location of Churches:  Southern Ontario; Manitoba, Alberta, British Columbia (with some in US)  Growth of Churches  From initial group of about 3000 immigrants, has grown to about 18,000 members over 55 congregations.

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15  Issue of baptism has faded into the background  CRC has drifted away from the Scriptures. This is evident in  Tolerating views that deny Genesis 1 is actual. Compromise with evolution  Have opened all the offices to women Relation to Christian Reformed Church today

16  Key point to note:  Distance between Canadian Reformed and Christian Reformed is bigger now than when we first split.  CRC has compromised on the authority of the Word of God.

17  The deformation in the CRC is the reason many people left the CRC in the 1990s and formed the United Reformed Churches  Over 100 congregations, about one third in Canada  Closest: Listowel, Nobleton, Orillia  Currently, we are moving towards unity with URC  Cf. Secession of 1834, Doleantie of 1886, and Union of United Reformed Churches

18  Test: Review notes for this lesson and know  Why the Canadian Reformed Churches were established  When the Canadian Reformed Churches were established  About the growing gap with the Christian Reformed Churches  About the growing unity with the United Reformed Churches  Read this website for review:  Newsletter! For next week


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