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LC Subject Headings Eric Friede and Jeff Siemon Jeff Siemon’s slides.

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1 LC Subject Headings Eric Friede and Jeff Siemon Jeff Siemon’s slides

2 Local Church History Corporate name $x History Denominational family $z Place Place $x Church history Ridgewood Pentecostal Church (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.) ǂx History Pentecostal churches ǂz New York (State) ǂz New York ǂx History Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.) ǂx Church history.

3 Neighborhoods cannot be used as subdivisions

4 Your Expectations for today’s workshop?

5 D.Min. headings Church growth - this means numerical growth Church renewal - this means qualitative growth Church development, New – means church planting, a new congregation

6 D.Min. headings Christian leadership ǂx Study and teaching – program for training leaders Leadership ǂx Religious aspects ǂx Christianity – more theory Often D.Min. theses include both theory and practice.

7 D.Min. headings Church group work - is often what is part of what is being done in D.Min. theses with “discipling” or “spiritual growth” in the title. Small groups ǂx Religious aspects ǂx Christianity - more theory Church group work with … men, etc.

8 D.Min. headings Discipling (Christianity) – is currently a buzz word; I tend to use this for one-on-one spiritual growth relationships, meant to multiply to other one-on-one relationships. I base this on the work cat. But the scope note is broader. 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the process of teaching and training for growth in Christian discipleship. Works on the development of spiritual disciplines and spiritual growth are entered under ǂa Spiritual formation. Mentoring in Church work - I’d use this for one-on-one teaching church practices or leadership, different from spiritual growth

9 Excursus on Discipling (Christianity):DLC records 1989 – (work cat.) Disciple-makers' handbook 505 What is disciplemaking? -- Disciplemaking is intentional -- Disciplemaking is individualized -- Disciplemaking is inspired -- Authority and truth : beyond cultural barriers -- Fear : beyond personal obstacles -- How to be a friend -- How to establish a discipling relationship -- How to model the Christian life -- How to help people who hurt -- How people change -- How to use Scripture in disciplemaking -- How to help your friend share the faith.

10 Excursus on Discipling (Christianity):DLC records The joy of discipling : ǂb friend with friend, heart with heart Playing your position : ǂb investing yourself in others The adventure of discipling others : ǂb training in the art of disciplemaking

11 Excursus on Discipling (Christianity):DLC records Became less precise in the 1990s Discipleship principles for effective church administration Introduction to biblical counseling : ǂb a basic guide to the principles and practice of counseling The drift into deception : ǂb the eight characteristics of abusive Christianity A discipling program curriculum model for ministry with single Christian women in the local church

12 D.Min. headings about empowering lay people Laity Lay ministry Peer counseling in the church Priesthood, Universal – 450 Priesthood of all believers – 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the Christian doctrine that each individual shares the responsibility of ministering to other members of the church community, and in some Christian traditions, the doctrine that individuals have direct access to God without ecclesiastical mediation. Church work with … new church members $x Reformed Church in America.

13 D.Min. headings 150 Church work with aliens 450 Church work with foreigners ǂw nne Church work with… each “group” must be established, not “free-floating”

14 D.Min. headings Beware! of and They are often misused for groups of lay people doing ministry. How are they supposed to be used?

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16 D.Min. headings No 680 scope note for Group Ministry.  Clues about usage of Group ministry 450 Multiple staff ministry 053 BV675 – next to numbers for Associate ministers and Clergy couples So do NOT use for clergy and lay cooperation, or lay teams.

17 D.Min. headings Clues about usage of Cooperative ministry look at LC usage: search for the subject in WorldCat, limited to DLC, click on “date” to sort by date, and look for the early usage

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20 Some DLC usage for the subject heading Cooperative Ministry 245 Cooperative ministry : hope for small churches, c Sharing more than a pastor, c Cooperating congregations : portraits of mission strategies, c Tri-county ministry, North Dakota -- North Central cluster, West Virginia -- Upper Sand Mountain Parish, Alabama -- Milwaukee strategy, Wisconsin -- Mission at the eastward, Maine

21 D.Min. headings Cooperative ministry – means multiple churches sharing one pastor

22 D.Min. headings “Developing a vision for ministry at First Church” NOT Vision -- Religious aspects LC usage for Vision -- Religious aspects: 245 Seeing / Kathleen Meyer, A young child expresses gratitude to God for the sense of sight which allows us to enjoy so many things. 245 Word and light : seeing, hearing, and religious discourse, c Language and languages ǂx Religious aspects. 650 Vision ǂx Religious aspects. 650 Hearing ǂx Religious aspects.

23 D.Min. headings “Developing a vision for ministry at First Church” Perhaps these headings might fit the book Strategic planning First Church $x Planning. Mission statements. Mission of the Church – (Eric will talk about this heading later)

24 Spirituality, etc. Religious life ǂi Here are entered general works descriptive of, or seeking to foster, personal religious and devotional life. Works on the religious life of Christians are entered under ǂa Christian life. ǂi Works on the religious life of Jews are entered under ǂa Jewish way of life. ǂi Works on the religious life of members of other religions or sects are entered under ǂa Religious life ǂi with subdivision for the religion or sect. Works on the religious life of other specific classes of persons are entered under headings of the type [class of persons]--Religious life, e.g. ǂa Christian women--Religious life; Jewish soldiers--Religious life; Muslim children--Religious life; Prisoners--Religious life.

25 Spirituality, etc. Christian life - broad term, includes actions and inner growth and spiritual practices 680 – see note on Religious life

26 Spirituality, etc. Spirituality - Christian inner growth / relationship with God ("Buddhist spirituality", but not Christian spirituality) 680 ǂi Here are entered works that describe the proper relationship to God or present a history of it within a particular Christian denomination. Spiritual life - practicing spiritual disciplines, often misapplied 680 ǂi Here are entered works recommending religious practices by which individuals may attain the proper relationship to God or may attain their religious objectives. Spiritual formation - Was originally used for spiritual growth in Catholic seminaries; currently a buzz word; I tend to reserve this word for more holistic, life-long spiritual growth. 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the development of spiritual disciplines and spiritual growth. Works on the process of teaching and training for growth in Christian discipleship are entered under ǂa Discipling (Christianity).

27 Spirituality, etc. Spiritual formation - Was originally used for spiritual growth in Catholic seminaries; currently a buzz word; I tend to reserve this word for more holistic, life-long spiritual growth. 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the development of spiritual disciplines and spiritual growth. Works on the process of teaching and training for growth in Christian discipleship are entered under ǂa Discipling (Christianity). Spiritual exercises – texts to use when engaging in devotional practices Faith development - more social science research term

28 Spirituality, some related headings Spiritual healing - was established for physical ailments (i.e. back problems, one leg long than another, cancer tumor) healed by spiritual means (i.e. prayer). It has come to mean in popular culture: inner healing, healing of a person's spirit. So the LCSH term "Spiritual healing" seems to be used in practice for both topics. I've given up trying to differentiate the two. 450 Divine healing 450 Faith-cure ǂw nne 450 Faith healing 450 Spiritual therapies 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the use of faith, prayer, or sacramental means to treat illness. Works on the use of psychological or psychic means to treat illness are entered under ǂa Mental healing. 150 Spiritual warfare 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the struggle of individual Christians against suffering, temptation, and doubt as expressions of Satan's work, particularly from a Pentecostal or evangelical point of view.

29 Preaching and Sermons “Sermons” Common usage: $v Sermons may be used after denominations and any topic, including Bible passages. Catholic Church $v Sermons. Sparrows $v Sermons. Bible. $p N.T. $p Matthew VI $v Sermons.

30 Preaching and Sermons There are some explicit terms for collections of types of sermons or analysis about those types of sermons: Sermons, American Sermons, English (but Hymns, English ǂz United States !) Sermons, American ǂx African American authors Sermons, American ǂx Women authors Teaching sermons (but Doctrinal preaching, see below) Monologue sermons Dialogue sermons Church year sermons Lenten sermons Canonization sermons

31 Preaching and Sermons Books of/about “Sermons” - Less common usage: $v Sermons may be used also after people for sermons ABOUT the person (not by). John the Baptist $v Sermons. Books analyzing (about) types of sermons get $x; (but many catalogs do not differentiate , and may confuse patrons. ) A statistical analysis of 1000 Presbyterian sermons Presbyterian Church $x Sermons.

32 Preaching Uncoordinated headings: “Arrays” Preaching. Suffering ǂx Religious aspects ǂx Christianity Some denominations are explicitly established: Methodist preaching Lutheran preaching but not Church of the Nazarene preaching

33 Preaching Some forms/styles are explicitly established: Narrative preaching Doctrinal preaching Biographical preaching Extemporaneous preaching Topical preaching but not Expository preaching; I use Preaching / Exposition (Rhetoric)

34 Preaching African American preaching but not Korean American preaching Preaching to Asian Americans Preaching to Hispanic Americans Preaching to Youth but not Preaching to African Americans

35 Preaching Other topics related to preaching: Homiletical illustrations Children's sermons Hindu sermons Lectionary preaching Sermons, German ǂv Translations into English. Hint: in OCLC Connexion do an Authority record, subject heading, keyword search for: Preach* or perhaps search for Sermon* to see the possibilities.

36 Denominations Pattern heading: Catholic Church Subject Cataloging Manual: H 1187 Corporate body names: Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Southern Baptist Convention Denominational family names, and polity matters: Pentecostal churches (mostly congregational in polity, so lower case "c") Reformed Church (considers itself globally "one church," so capital "C") People: Presbyterians Methodists

37 Denominations Under both corporate body denominations and denominational families, you may use ǂx Doctrines for their theology, but NOT under the people. United Methodist Church (U.S.) ǂx Doctrines. Holiness churches ǂx Doctrines. NOT Methodists ǂx Doctrines. OK Methodists ǂx Religious life. NOT United Methodist Church(U.S.) ǂx Theology ǂx Theology 680 ǂi Use as a topical subdivision under names of individual religions and monastic orders and under uniform titles of sacred works.

38 Denominations NOT United Methodist Church(U.S.) ǂx Theology ǂx Theology 680 ǂi Use as a topical subdivision under names of individual religions and monastic orders and under uniform titles of sacred works.

39 Denominations There are unusual headings because of polity/government: Episcopal Church - for U.S. or Anglican Communion - for collective/global or unidentified LC usage is always Christian life ǂx Anglican authors. (not Episcopal authors) but Spiritual life ǂx Episcopal Church. is OK Baptists is both "people" and "church," not Baptist churches Mennonites - is both "people" and "church" Methodist Church - collection for family of churches Methodists - people Methodism - probably the tradition, practices and popular beliefs

40 Denominations Quakers 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the persons belonging to the Society of Friends. Works on the Society of Friends as a religious denomination are entered under ǂa Society of Friends. Church buildings - architecture, church decoration, etc. Methodist church buildings - some denominational are explicitly established NOT Church buildings ǂx United Church of Canada, etc 

41 Denominations Sects (LSCH speak for "denominations") Cults (for New religious movements, even if they are not coercive) Denominational minutes ǂx Government. Methodist Church (U.S.) ǂb Central Illinois Conference ǂx Government. Some catalogers add ǂv Periodicals or ǂv Congresses.

42 Worship – -includes private and family worship Public worship – - is often a more precise heading Catholic Church ǂx Liturgy – - ABOUT Catholic liturgy Catholic Church ǂx Liturgy ǂv Texts – - actual prayers, etc.

43 Liturgics 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the historical and theological study of liturgies. Collections of procedures prescribed for public worship in accordance with authorized or standard forms are entered under ǂa Liturgies. ǂi Collections of services of any type for use in public worship are entered under ǂa Worship programs. 360 ǂi subdivision ǂa Liturgical use ǂi under uniform titles of sacred works, e.g. ǂa Bible--Liturgical use; ǂi also subdivision ǂa Liturgy ǂi under ǂa Judaism; ǂi under individual Jewish and Christian sects and rites; under names of individual Christian monastic and religious orders; and under individual Jewish and Christian ceremonies, rituals, holidays, etc., e.g. ǂa Catholic Church--Liturgy; Judaism--Ari rite--Liturgy; Jesuits--Liturgy; Seder--Liturgy; Good Friday-- Liturgy; ǂi and subdivision ǂa Rituals ǂi under names of individual religions and sects other than ǂa Judaism ǂi and Jewish and Christian sects, e.g. ǂa Buddhism--Rituals

44 Hymnals Hymnals usually get two headings: (See H1917 and H1160) Denomination ǂv Hymns. Hymns, English ǂz United States. Christian hymns, just use Hymns,, non-Christian religions get: Buddhist hymns, Japanese etc.

45 Other sacred music headings Gregorian chants (see cross refs) Music in Christian education Contemporary Christian music Church music Psalmody Sacred vocal music Sacred music Choruses, Sacred Revival hymns Gospel music Choral conducting Choral singing Children's choirs Music in worship 680 ǂ i Here are entered discussions as to the desirability, etc. of having music in the church. Synagogue music (see subdivisions and cross refs.)

46 Sacraments Lord's Supper ǂx Baptism ǂx Confession ǂx Catholic Church (is used for Sacrament of Reconciliation, and what was called the Sacrament of Penance or Confession. This is an example of older terminology that has been kept for consistency; some global changes have been made to newer terminology, other old terms have been kept.)

47 Prayer, Meditation, etc. Prayer – about prayer, a topic, how to Prayer ǂx Christianity – – It’s a relatively new practice to specify the religion after prayer, so watch out when coping older records. Now, it is good practice to add the religion. Prayers – texts of prayers, not divided by religion or language.

48 Prayer, Meditation, etc. Meditation 680 ǂi Here are entered works on mental prayer as a method of promoting the spiritual life. Collections of thoughts on spiritual truths for use in meditation are entered under ǂa Meditations. Meditation ǂx Christianty, etc. Meditation ǂx

49 Prayer, Meditation, etc. ǂv Meditations ǂv Devotional literature ǂv Prayers and devotions

50 Prayer, Meditation, etc. ǂv Meditations 360 ǂi subdivision ǂa Meditations ǂi under religious subjects, e.g. ǂa Bible--Meditations; Lord's Supper— Meditations

51 Prayer, Meditation, etc. ǂv Devotional literature 680 ǂi Use as a form subdivision under uniform titles of sacred works for devotional literature on those works. i.e. Bible – N.T. –John –Devotional literature.

52 Prayer, Meditation, etc. ǂv Prayers and devotions 485 ǂv Prayer-books and devotions ǂw nne 680 ǂi Use as a form subdivision under names of individual religious and monastic orders and under individual religions, individual Christian denominations, classes of persons and ethnic groups for whose use the prayers are intended; under names of individual saints, deities, etc., to whom the devotions are directed; and under topical headings for prayers and devotions on those topics.

53 Prayer, Meditation, etc. e.g. Mothers ǂv Prayers and devotions Assemblies of God ǂv Prayers and devotions Islam ǂv Prayers and devotions Mary, ǂc Blessed Virgin, Saint ǂv Prayers and devotions Serials librarianship ǂv Prayers and devotions

54 Prayer, Meditation, etc. ǂv Devotional literature sacred works ǂv Meditations religious subjects ǂv Prayers and devotions Almost any topic or group of people

55 Biography There are biographies of lay people under the "people" heading, clergy under the "church" heading Presbyterians ǂv Biography. (for a lay person, or collective mixed lay/clergy) Presbyterian Church ǂx Clergy ǂv Biography. There are bishops, but not archbishops: Catholic Church ǂb Bishops ǂv Biography.

56 Biography Baptists is both "people" and "church," not Baptist churches Baptists ǂv Biography. - for lay people Baptists ǂx Clergy ǂv Biography - for clergy

57 Biography Festschrift is a collection of essays to honor a person. The person is both subject and author Friede, Eric Theological libraries Friede, Eric – Beverly Hills

58 Theologians Biographies are assigned the person’s name, denomination, and/or their profession. Classified under their denomination, religious order, etc. (BX) or Christian biography (BR1720; BR1725) i.e. “Beza : his life and thought” BX9419.B Bèze, Théodore de, ǂd Reformed Church ǂv Biography Theologians ǂv Biography.

59 Theologians thought: topic or biography? i.e. “The concept of Church in the thought of Beza” LC – BV598 or BV600 Other libraries perhaps: BX9419.B4 … Bèze, Théodore de, ǂd Church ǂx History of Doctrines ǂx 16 th century Reformed Church ǂx Doctrines.

60 Education Church and education 680 ǂi Here are entered general works on the relation of the church to education. Works on instruction in the Christian religion in churches, schools, and homes are entered under ǂa Christian education. ǂi Works on religious or secular instruction provided by a particular denomination are entered under the name of the denomination with subdivision ǂa Education, ǂi e.g. ǂa Catholic Church--Education.

61 Education Christian education 680 ǂi Here are entered works dealing with instruction in the Christian religion in schools and private life. Works on the relation of the church to education in general, and works on the history of the part that the church has taken in secular education are entered under ǂa Church and education.

62 Education Christian education ǂv Textbooks for adults, [children, etc.] ǂx Anglican, [Baptist, etc.] Sometimes misused: Christian education ǂx Study and teaching 680 ǂi Here are entered works on Christian education as a subject for study in the curriculum for the training of clergy, and of directors and professors of Christian education.

63 Education Sunday schools Christian education of slow learning children Intergenerational Christian education Games in Christian education Jesus Christ ǂx Teaching methods Christian education ǂx Teacher training Sunday school superintendents

64 Education Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) ǂx Education OK Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) ǂx Education (Higher) NO, a mistake Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) ǂx Study and teaching (Higher) Maybe?

65 Education ǂx Education 680 ǂi Use as a topical subdivision under names of individual religions and monastic orders, and under individual Christian denominations, classes of persons, and ethnic groups. Education, Higher 360 ǂi subdivision ǂa Education (Higher) ǂi under classes of persons and ethnic groups; and subdivision ǂa Study and teaching (Higher) ǂi under names of individual corporate bodies, names of places, ethnic groups, and topical headings

66 Miscellaneous headings - Women Ordination of women Women church officers Women religious leaders Church work with women Women in church work Women in the Methodist Church Women ǂx Religious aspects Feminist theology Womanist theology Preaching to women Sermons, American ǂx Women authors

67 Miscellaneous headings - ethnic aspects Asian American churches Hispanic Americans ǂx Religion or Religious life Church work with... – must be established Can you think of other options ?

68 Miscellaneous headings - Science / Creation Religion and science Bible and science Creation (Theology about the beginning of the world.) Natural theology (What we know about God without revelation/Bible)

69 Miscellaneous headings - Science / Creation Creationism 680 ǂi Here are entered works on the doctrine that the universe was created by God out of nothing in the initial seven days of time and that all biological species were created rather than evolving from preexisting types through modifications in successive generations.

70 Miscellaneous headings - Science / Creation Evolution (Biology) ǂx Religious aspects ǂx Christianity. Physical sciences ǂx Religious aspects ǂx Christianity. NOT Christianity and science 

71 Miscellaneous headings If the title says "the gospel", perhaps use Salvation ǂx Christianity Grace (Theology) Christianity ǂx Essence, genius, nature

72 Miscellaneous headings Evangelistic work – includes witness bearing, revivals, and other methods Witness bearing (Christianity) – how to share ones personal faith, often one-on- one. I don’t know of a good subject heading for books that are testimonies. Sometimes: Christian converts ǂv Biography fits.

73 Questions / Discussion


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