Presentation on theme: "Baby Pictures Read Luke 2:22-38 This is a picture of baby Jesus. What does it reveal about Jesus?"— Presentation transcript:
Baby Pictures Read Luke 2:22-38 This is a picture of baby Jesus. What does it reveal about Jesus?
“ Their ” purification in early MSS but “ her ” purification in later MSS Conforms to Leviticus 12:1-8 Luke interprets Jesus ’ presentation as an act of dedication to the service of God
Simeon was an old man Consolation of Israel = fulfillment of Messianic hopes Paul ’ s rule of thumb to distinguish true revelation by the Holy Spirit from false Read 1 Cor. 12:1-3 The Lord ’ s Christ = God ’ s Messiah = God ’ s anointed one Simeon came to temple at the right moment (God-incidence) What would you consider a God-incidence in your life?
Analogous to a master freeing a slave Simeon saw salvation for all people not just Jews Simeon now content to die What do you most want to see or do before you die?
V.33 Does your Bible say Joseph or father? Why were they astonished? Declaration that Jesus was to be a revelation to the Gentiles as well as the Jews
V. 34-35 Simeon blessed both parents but prediction only to Mary Joseph died so only Mary suffered grief of Jesus ’ death Men reveal their true nature by their attitude toward Christ Has God ever brought a Simeon to confirm something in your life? Do you think Mary and Joseph really understood what was going to happen to Jesus?
V. 36-38 Anna was an 84 year old woman Many people, then as now, looking for a different Messiah How does Anna’s view of a Messiah differ from yours?
How do you feel about the fact that you were or were not dedicated or baptized as an infant? How did your parents help you mature spiritually?
INFANT BAPTISM Scholars disagree on the date when infant baptism was first practiced. Some believe that first-century Christians did not practice it. Others believe that they did. Writings of the second and early third century indicate that Christians baptized infants. From at least the third century onward Christians baptized infants as standard practice, although some preferred to postpone baptism until late in life, so as to ensure forgiveness for all their preceding sins.
Why do we have infant baptism? Baptism was greatly affected by Augustine’s controversy with Pelagius over the doctrine of original sin defined by Augustine around 400CE. The doctrine of original sin made it vital for the church to believe in the necessity of baptism for salvation. People took this to imply that unbaptized infants went to hell or at least in limbo on the borders of hell. The high rate of infant mortality during this period led to baptism being carried out within minutes of birth often by midwives How do you feel about midwives baptizing babies?
What is original sin? Augustine of Hippo taught that original sin was both an act of foolishness and of pride and disobedience to God of Adam and Eve. Having committed this particular sin human nature was henceforth transformed. Adam and Eve, via sexual reproduction, recreated human nature. Their descendants now live in sin. Do you believe in the concept of original sin?
Pelagius denied Augustine’s concept of original sin. According to Pelaguis, Adam's sin was "to set a bad example" for his progeny, but his actions did not have the other consequences imputed to Original Sin. Pelagianism views the role of Jesus as "setting a good example" for the rest of humanity (thus counteracting Adam's bad example) as well as providing an atonement for our sins. In short, humanity has full control, and thus full responsibility, for obeying the Gospel in addition to full responsibility for every sin. How do you feel about Pelagius’ view of original sin?
Pelagius was declared a heretic and banished from Rome. The doctrine of original sin posed a real problem in dealing with the birth of Christ, so the Catholic Church came up with the doctrine of Immaculate Conception? What is the doctrine of Immaculate Conception? The doctrine states that, from the first moment of her existence, Mary was preserved by God from the Original Sin and filled with sanctifying grace that would normally come with baptism after birth. Catholics believe Mary "was free from any personal or hereditary sin. Immaculate Conception was not recognized as a dogma of the Catholic Church until 1854.
Water Baptism Water baptism is a symbolic burial, by which the new Christian publicly declares they have died, and are now beginning a new life, in Christ. Water baptism is a statement of faith: my old life is behind me -- I am a new person, with a new life. Water baptism is a sign of repentance -- repentance means change -- a change so drastic that the old person is "buried.” It does not make you acceptable to God. As a work of righteousness, trying to obtain a good standing with God, it is worthless.
Water baptism is a way of giving testimony to what has happened inwardly, and a clear commitment to turn from the old life. Water baptism outwardly demonstrates what has happened inwardly. Water baptism helps you to grasp the reality of the spiritual truth that the old "you" has died. Water baptism is only as important as the participant believes it to be. Water baptism is their confession, and a public commitment. Unless the person really believes they died, there is no need for a burial. It is not something we must do to impress God, but something to impress on our mind what happened to us inwardly. Water baptism is for our benefit -- not God's.
Relation of spirit to the soul Soul - Greek psyche or Hebrew nephesh means breather Spirit - Greek pneuma or Hebrew ruach means breath Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. What do you get from this verse?
There are no verses in the Bible that say the soul is immortal. What makes the soul immortal is the Holy Spirit. Just as the physical body needs air to survive, the soul (breather) needs the Spirit (breathe) to survive. John 3:7 Jesus answered, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
Spirit Baptism John 1:33 "I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, `He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.' Based on what you know about original sin, water baptism, and spirit baptism, do you feel that infant baptism is necessary for salvation?
For me, baptism in the Spirit is necessary for salvation, and water baptism is something that we should want to do to show others the change that has happened on the inside but not necessary for salvation. So what is the difference between infant baptism and believer's baptism in the Methodist church?
In infant baptism, God claims the child with divine grace. Clearly the child can do nothing to save himself or herself, but is totally dependent on God's grace, as we all are — whatever our age. In believer's baptism, the person being baptized is publicly professing her or his own decision to accept Christ. Believer's baptism is an ordinance, not a sacrament. United Methodists baptize people of all ages who have not previously received the sacrament. Even when the people being baptized are believing adults and are ready to profess their faith, our emphasis is upon the gracious action of God rather than upon the individual's decision.
Here we have baby pictures of Jesus (birth, temple, Wise men) No details of what he looked like Little detail about what he wore No physical details of Jesus anywhere (picture on wall) We know description of others (Zacchaeus for example) Customary ritual in temple made special by Simeon and Anna Response from shepherds, wise men, Simeon and Anna was not oh what a cute baby, but a recognition of who He is
Pictures of Jesus tell us not what he looked like but who he is Get a volunteer. Who are you? Name does not tell who we are
Jesus tells us who He is with the I AM verses in John. John 11:25 – Resurrection John 10:9 – Door (an entrance and an exit) John 14:6 – Way and truth (Alice and the Cheshire cat) John 8:12 – Light (people may prefer the darkness because it asks too much to walk in the light) John 6:35 – Bread (sustains us, restores us) John 10:11 – Shepherd (leads the way)
Thomas Carlyle said “ It is not what we have nor even what we do, but who we are that gives us our kingdom. ”