Class 7 Agenda Hand in a Purposeful Questions Worksheet homework for the Baptism Study (and all the rest if you’re part of the “catch up” crew) Review the Baptism Study from GTG Dig Deeper as we look at the false doctrines of salvation Dig Deeper into what the early Church wrote about salvation
Baptism Study in GTG “For I will give you words and wisdom that none of your adversaries will be able to resist or contradict.” (Luke 21:15) After preaching about the cross, Peter calls his hearers to repent and be baptized for the forgiveness of sins (Acts 2:38). This study helps establish the link between Christ’s sacrifice and our forgiveness of sins by means of baptism.
We Are Saved By Grace Ephesians 2:8-9 John 3:16 Titus 3:3-5 So get fired up about Salvation!!!! We didn’t earn it through Repentance. We didn’t deserve it via Baptism.
Objections to Baptismal Remission “Baptism is not for salvation, because baptism is a work, and you are saved by grace, not by works.” This appeal to Ephesians 2:8-9 fails because it creates a false dilemma: nowhere in Scripture is Baptism described as a work. Rather it is a work of Christ (Col. 2:11) See Col. 2:11-14, Titus 3:3-5
Objections to Baptismal Remission “Baptism is simply a command to obey.” If Baptism were simply a command like any other, than Jesus would not have distinguished it from His commands in the Great Commission. See Matthew 28:19-20
Objections to Baptismal Remission “Baptism is merely a symbol. It is not effective for salvation.” 1st Peter 3:21 states that the waters of the flood were the symbol (prefigure). Baptism is the fulfillment of what the flood water prefigured. Moreover, “baptism now saves you.”
Objections to Baptismal Remission “Scriptures that speak of baptismal regeneration are referring to baptism of the Holy Spirit, not to water baptism.” – How can seeker obey the command “Repent and be baptized” or “get up be baptized” (Acts 2:38 and 22:16) if these scriptures refer to baptism of the Holy Spirit? – Also, notice the Ethiopian Eunuch’s immediate response to the presentation of the gospel: “Look here’s water! What prevents me from being baptized?”
Objections to Baptismal Remission “You are saved by believing not by being baptized.” – Of course John 3:16 and many other Scriptures clearly tie salvation to belief. However, belief and baptism are inseparable. See John 3:5 within the context of John 3:16; – Plus reference Mark 16:16, Gal. 3:26-27, Col. 2:12, Acts 16:30-34, Mark 11:29-31, Acts 2:41, Luke 7:30 with Matthew 21:23-27 BELIEF BAPTIS M
Objections to Baptismal Remission “The thief on the cross didn’t need to get baptized.” Mark 2:5-12
Digging Deeper via the Early Church (Why Study the Early Church?) Some of the main Early Church writers were direct disciples of the Apostles Same culture, Same language, and maintained unity on doctrinal essentials Despite persecution, they did not compromise doctrine Despite living in a compromised world, they did not compromise holiness They were attacked by Heretics and successfully defended the faith
Human Links to the NT Authors 185 AD Irenaeus. “For I have a more vivid recollection of what occurred at that time than of recent events …; so that I can even describe the place where the blessed Polycarp used to sit and discourse —also how he would speak of his familiar interactions with John, and with the rest of those who had seen the Lord.” c.15 0 c.10 5
How Did They Interpret “Born of Water and Spirit” Irenaeus c. 180 We are made clean from our old transgressions by means of the sacred water and the invocation of the Lord. We are spiritually regenerated as newborn babes, just as the Lord has declared: “Unless a man is born again through water and the Spirit, he will not enter into the kingdom of heaven.” Tertullian c. 198 “Unless a man has been born again of water and Spirit, he will not enter into the kingdom of the heavens.” These words have tied faith to the necessity of baptism.
“Born of Water and Spirit” Justin Martyr c. 160 They are brought by us where there is water, and are regenerated in the same manner in which we were regenerated ourselves. They there receive the washing with water in the name of God (the Father and Lord of the universe), of our Savior Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit. For Christ also said, “Unless you are born again, you will not enter into the kingdom of heaven.” Tertullian c. 198 Now the teaching is laid down that “without baptism, salvation is attainable by no one.” This is based primarily on the ground of that declaration of the Lord, who says, “Unless one is born of water he has not life.” However, when this is laid down, there immediately arise scrupulous (or rather, audacious) doubts on the part of some.
96 AD Clement of Rome. “And we, too. Being called by His will in Christ Jesus, are not justified by ourselves. Nor are we justified by our own wisdom, understanding, godliness, or works that we have done in holiness of heart. Rather, we are justified by that faith through which, from the beginning, Almighty God has justified all men.” 105 AD Ignatius. “Therefore, let us not be ungrateful for His kindness. For if He were to reward us according to our works, we would cease to be.” 180 AD Irenaeus. “No one indeed while placed out of reach of the Lord’s benefits, has power to procure for himself the means of salvation. So the more we receive His grace, the more we should love Him.” What They Believed About… Salvation by Grace
110-165AD Justin Martyr "Those who are convinced that what we teach is true and who desire to live accordingly are instructed to fast and to pray to God for the remission of all their past sins. We also pray and fast with them. Then we bring them to a place where there is water, and they are regenerated in the same manner in which we ourselves were regenerated. They then receive the washing with water in the name of God (the Father and Lord of the universe) and of our Savior Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit. For Christ said, 'Unless you are born again, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven" More of What They Believed About… Baptism
110-165 AD Justin Martyr “There, the one who refuses to be baptized is to be condemned as an unbeliever, partially on the basis of what Jesus told Nicodemus…. He that, out of contempt, will not be baptized, shall be condemned as an unbeliever, and shall be reproached as ungrateful and foolish. For the Lord says: 'Except a man be baptized of water and of the Spirit, he shall by no means enter into the kingdom of heaven.' And again: 'He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved but he that believeth not shall be damned.'" More of What They Believed About… Baptism
150-200 AD CLEMENT "Being baptized, we are illuminated; illuminated, we become sons; being made sons, we are made perfect; being made perfect, we are made immortal... This work is variously called grace, and illumination, and perfection, and washing. Washing, by which we cleanse away our sins; grace, by which the penalties accruing to transgressions are remitted; and illumination, by which that holy light of salvation is beheld, that is, by which we see God clearly." More of What They Believed About… Baptism
185 AD IRENAEUS "This class of men have been instigated by Satan to a denial of that baptism which is regeneration to God, and thus they have renounced the whole faith….for the baptism instituted by the visible Jesus was for the forgiveness of sins… but there are some of them (Gnostics) who assert that it is unnecessary to bring persons to the water. Rather, they mix oil and water together, and they place this mixture on the head of those who are to be initiated…This they maintain to be redemption … Other (heretics), however, reject all these practices, and maintain that the mystery of the unspeakable and invisible Power should not be performed by visible and corruptible creatures….These claim that the knowledge of the unspeakable Greatness is itself perfect redemption." More of What They Believed About… Baptism
185 AD Irenaeus "Christ will not die again on behalf of those who now commit sin because death shall no more have dominion over Him.... Therefore we should not be puffed up.... But we should beware lest somehow, after [we have come to] the knowledge of Christ, if we do things displeasing to God, we obtain no further forgiveness of sins but rather be shut out from His kingdom" 203 AD Tertullian “Grace with the Lord, when once learned and undertaken by us, on should never afterward be canceled by repetition of sin.” What They Believed About… “One Saved Always Saved”
Homework for Next Class 8 Complete a Purposeful Question Worksheet for the Church and Holy Spirit Study/Studies Memorize all GAS Ask a friend to study the Bible in fellowship today Ask a new friend to study the Bible with you this week!!!