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Christian Sacraments SCTR 19 – Religions of the Book Prepared by Sean Hind.

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Presentation on theme: "Christian Sacraments SCTR 19 – Religions of the Book Prepared by Sean Hind."— Presentation transcript:

1 Christian Sacraments SCTR 19 – Religions of the Book Prepared by Sean Hind

2 What is a Sacrament? Definitions: Latin: sacramentum; Greek: mysterion Rites/rituals performed in/by the Church, to convey God’s “grace” to believers Number of Sacraments? Catholics & Orthodox Christians: seven Most Protestants: only two (Bapt. & Euch.) Aspects of each Sacrament: Effects & Ministers Biblical Basis Central Words & Actions

3 Types of Sacraments Sacraments of Initiation: Baptism Confirmation Eucharist Sacraments of Healing: Penance/Reconciliation Anointing of the Sick Sacraments of Vocation: Marriage/Matrimony Holy Orders

4 Baptism Effects: Gk. baptizo = “dipped/immersed” in water. Becoming a member of Christ’s Church. Having one's sins forgiven. Ministers: Bishops Priests Deacons Anyone! (in case of urgent need)

5 Central Words & Actions Baptism Words: "I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” Actions: Full immersion in water, or pouring water over head Sprinkling or dabbing? Infants? or only Adults? Other symbols: anointing; candles, white garment

6 Biblical Basis: Baptism Jesus’ Commands: Matt 28:19 Evangelists’ Theology: John 3:22; 4:1-2 Early Church Practice: Acts 2:38-41; 10:47-48 Etc.

7 Eucharist Effects: Spiritually nourished by body & blood of Christ. United "in communion" with Christ & community. Gk. Eucharistia = “thanksgiving” prayer Ministers: Bishops Priests

8 Jesus’ Last Supper: Mark 14:22-25 Matt 26; Luke 22; 1 Cor 11 Gospel Theology: John 6:48-58 Early Xn Practice: Luke 24:35 Acts 2:42; etc. Biblical Basis: Eucharist

9 Words: Long prayer of “Thanksgiving” Esp. the Words of Institution: “This is my body…” “This is my blood…” Actions: Bread and wine blessed by minister; received/shared by communicants. Central Words & Actions Eucharist

10 Effects: Strengthened by the Holy Spirit. “Confirmed” in the fullness of Christian faith. Ministers: Bishops Priests (in some cases) Confirmation

11 Jesus: John 20:22 Apostles: Acts 8:17; 19:6 Acts 10:44-48 Biblical Basis: Confirmation

12 Words: "(Name), be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit.” Actions: Bishop lays his hands on the head of the confirmed Central Words & Actions Confirmation

13 Effects: Forgiven of one's sins Reconciled to God Reconciled to others Ministers: Bishops Priests Penance/Reconciliation

14 Jesus: Forgive! John 20:23 Matt 16:19; 18:18 James: Confess! James 5:16 Biblical Basis Penance/Reconciliation

15 Words: "I forgive you of all of your sins, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit" Actions: confesses his sins expresses contrition proposes amendment Central Words & Actions Penance/Reconciliation

16 Effects: Being strengthened in time of illness. United in prayer with the community. Physically/psychologically healed? Ministers: Bishops Priests Anointing of the Sick

17 Disciples anoint the sick: Mark 6:7-13 Call elders to pray/anoint: James 5:14-16 Biblical Basis Anointing of the Sick

18 Words: "Through this holy anointing may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit. May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up." Actions: Anointing sick person’s forehead &hands with blessed oil Central Words & Actions Anointing of the Sick

19 Effects: United in eyes of God & church. Legally recognized as a couple. Ministers: The couple themselves! Clergy are merely witnesses! Matrimony/Marriage

20 God creates M & F: Gen 2:24 Jesus vs. Divorce: Mark 10:2-12; Matt 19:1-9 Paul on spousal unity: Eph 5:22-33; 1Cor 7:10-16 Biblical Basis Matrimony/Marriage

21 Words: "I, (name), take you, (name), to be my husband/wife. I promise to be true to you…” Actions: Husband & wife publicly promise fidelity & love. Optional: exchange of rings, lighting of candles, etc. Central Words & Actions Matrimony/Marriage

22 Effects: Becoming "ordained" clergy, in leadership “orders”: Bishops Priests Deacons Ministers: only Bishops Holy Orders

23 Jesus chooses Apostles: Mark 3:13-19; etc. Laying on of Hands: Acts 6:6 1 Tim 4:14; 5:22 2 Tim 1:6 Biblical Basis Holy Orders

24 Words: "Prayer of Consecration” Actions: Laying hands on ordinand’s head Anointing hands with holy oil Several other symbolic gestures Central Words & Actions Holy Orders

25 Summary Seven Sacraments (Cath.) : Baptism Eucharist Confirmation Penance/Reconciliation Anointing of the Sick Matrimony/Marriage Holy Orders Two Sacraments (Prot.) : Baptism Eucharist

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