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Chapter 10 Citation Form Citation = a legal address.

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1 Chapter 10 Citation Form Citation = a legal address

2 Basic State Citation Form Long Form: Smith v. Jones, 132 Colo 563, 436 P.2d 205 (1998) Long Form: Smith v. Jones, 132 Colo 563, 436 P.2d 205 (1998) State cases can have two addresses State cases can have two addresses Official Address (comes first): 132 Colo. 563 Official Address (comes first): 132 Colo Colo Colo.563 VolumePublication Page VolumePublication Page Unofficial Address (follows official): 436 P.2d 205 (1998) Unofficial Address (follows official): 436 P.2d 205 (1998) 436P.2d205 (1998) 436P.2d205 (1998) VolumePublication PageCourt and year VolumePublication PageCourt and year Short Form: Smith v. Jones, 436 P.2d 205 (Colo. 1998) Short Form: Smith v. Jones, 436 P.2d 205 (Colo. 1998) Unofficial Address only (no official available) : Unofficial Address only (no official available) : 436P.2d205 (Colo. 1998) 436P.2d205 (Colo. 1998) VolumePublication PageCourt and year VolumePublication PageCourt and year

3 §10.1 State Long Form Citation §10.1 State Long Form Citation State Cases: Long Form State Cases: Long Form Title: Smith v. Jones or Smith v. Jones Title: Smith v. Jones or Smith v. Jones Underline or italicize Underline or italicize Official Cite: State Reports Official Cite: State Reports State abbreviations = old postal abbreviations State abbreviations = old postal abbreviations Supreme Court v. Appellate Court: Supreme Court v. Appellate Court: Appellate courts are specified (e.g., Tenn. Ct. App.) Appellate courts are specified (e.g., Tenn. Ct. App.) State Supreme Court decisions = state abbr. State Supreme Court decisions = state abbr. (e.g., Tex. = Texas Supreme Court decision) Unofficial Cite: Regional Reporters Unofficial Cite: Regional Reporters = parallel cite (e.g., 369 P.2d 419) = parallel cite (e.g., 369 P.2d 419) Year (case decided) Year (case decided) Smith v. Jones, 121 Kan. 288, 369 P.2d 413 (1979)

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5 §10.2 State Short Form Citation State Cases: Short Form State Cases: Short Form Smith v. Jones, 369 P.2d 418 (Kan. 1979) Smith v. Jones, 369 P.2d 418 (Kan. 1979) Title: Smith v. Jones Title: Smith v. Jones Publication: Regional Reporter Publication: Regional Reporter Court: Identify court in parenthesis with year Court: Identify court in parenthesis with year Consolidated Reports: Consolidated Reports: = Supreme Court and Appellate Court decisions N.M. Supreme Court: Smith v. Jones, 283 N.M. 583, 628 P.2d 493 (1988) N.M. Supreme Court: Smith v. Jones, 283 N.M. 583, 628 P.2d 493 (1988) N.M. Appellate Court: Smith v. Jones, 283 N.M. 583, 628 P.2d 493 (N.M. Ct. App. 1988) N.M. Appellate Court: Smith v. Jones, 283 N.M. 583, 628 P.2d 493 (N.M. Ct. App. 1988)

6 Basic Federal Citation U.S. Supreme Court Title, ___ U.S. ___, ___ S.Ct. ___, ___ L. Ed. 2d ___ (Year) U.S. Court of Appeals Title, ___ F.2d ___ (# Cir. Year) U.S. District Court Title, ___ F. Supp. ___ (District Year) US Supreme Court US Circuit Court Court of Appeals US District Court Trial Court

7 §10.4 Federal Case Citation Federal Case Publications Federal Case Publications U.S. District Court = F. Supp. (e.g., Nev., E.D.N.J.) U.S. District Court = F. Supp. (e.g., Nev., E.D.N.J.) Akers v. Lewis, 462 F. Supp. 531 (D. N.M. 1976) Akers v. Lewis, 462 F. Supp. 531 (D. N.M. 1976) U.S. Circuit Court = F. 2d (# Cir.) U.S. Circuit Court = F. 2d (# Cir.) Lewis v. Akers, 663 F.2d 261 (10 th Cir. 1977) Lewis v. Akers, 663 F.2d 261 (10 th Cir. 1977) U.S. Supreme Court = U.S. Supreme Court = Akers v. Lewis, 516 U.S. 331, 694 S. Ct. 265, 112 L. Ed 2d 871 (1978) Akers v. Lewis, 516 U.S. 331, 694 S. Ct. 265, 112 L. Ed 2d 871 (1978) U.S. Reports (U.S.) U.S. Reports (U.S.) Supreme Court Reporter (S. Ct.) Supreme Court Reporter (S. Ct.) U.S. Supreme Court Reports, Lawyer’s Edition (L. Ed.) U.S. Supreme Court Reports, Lawyer’s Edition (L. Ed.) Short Form: Akers v. Lewis, 516 U.S. 331 (1978) Short Form: Akers v. Lewis, 516 U.S. 331 (1978)

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9 §10.8 Other Federal Case Citations Bankruptcy Reporter: Bankruptcy Reporter: Smith v. Jones, 287 B.R. 423 (D. Colo. 1983) Smith v. Jones, 287 B.R. 423 (D. Colo. 1983) Federal Rules Decisions: Federal Rules Decisions: Smith v. Jones, 341 F.R.D. 938 (D. Neb. 1983) Smith v. Jones, 341 F.R.D. 938 (D. Neb. 1983) Military Justice Reporter: Military Justice Reporter: Smith v. Jones, 125 M.J.R. 637 (D. Idaho 1983) Smith v. Jones, 125 M.J.R. 637 (D. Idaho 1983) Federal Appendix: Federal Appendix: Smith v. Jones, 21 F. App’x 583 (D. Colo. 1983) Smith v. Jones, 21 F. App’x 583 (D. Colo. 1983)

10 §10.10 State Statutory Citations State Statutes State Statutes Statutes are arranged TOPICALLY Statutes are arranged TOPICALLY (Transportation, Evidence, Crimes) (Transportation, Evidence, Crimes) Statutory Citation: C.R.S. § (1)(a) (1999) Statutory Citation: C.R.S. § (1)(a) (1999) C.R.S. § (1)(a) (1999) C.R.S. § (1)(a) (1999) PublicationTitle/Chapter/Section Number (year) PublicationTitle/Chapter/Section Number (year)

11 §10.11 Federal Statutory Citation Federal Statutes Federal Statutes 28 U.S.C. §1204 (1984) U.S.C.United States Code (official) U.S.C.United States Code (official) U.S.C.A.United States Code Annotated U.S.C.A.United States Code Annotated U.S.C.S.United States Code Service U.S.C.S.United States Code Service Unofficial:U.S.C.A. & U.S.C.S. Unofficial:U.S.C.A. & U.S.C.S. Provides research helps (case annotations, etc.) Provides research helps (case annotations, etc.) Practice Tip: Research in the unofficials, but don’t cite the unofficials!!! Practice Tip: Research in the unofficials, but don’t cite the unofficials!!!

12 §10.12 Citation Rules of Thumb Cite all parallel cites Cite all parallel cites Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 130 P.2d 890 (1989) Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 130 P.2d 890 (1989) Cite the official publication first Cite the official publication first Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 130 P.2d 890 (1989) Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 130 P.2d 890 (1989) Italicize (or underline) title Italicize (or underline) title Smith v. Jones or Smith v. Jones Smith v. Jones or Smith v. Jones Indicate court in parenthesis, if necessary Indicate court in parenthesis, if necessary Jacks v. Morns, 526 P.2d 694 (Colo. Ct. App. 1981) Jacks v. Morns, 526 P.2d 694 (Colo. Ct. App. 1981) Cite the case in full the first time it is cited Cite the case in full the first time it is cited Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 130 P.2d 890 (1989) Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 130 P.2d 890 (1989)

13 Citation Rules of Thumb cont’d Indicate pinpoint citations (quoted page) Indicate pinpoint citations (quoted page) Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 160, 130 P.2d 890, 893 (1989) Smith v. Jones, 240 Nev. 156, 160, 130 P.2d 890, 893 (1989) Supra = above Supra = above Smith, supra at 160 Smith, supra at 160 Id. = case cited immediately above Id. = case cited immediately above Id. At 160 Id. At 160 Infra = below Infra = below Smith, infra at 160 Smith, infra at 160

14 §10.13 Citation Examples U.S. Supreme Court Cases: U.S. Supreme Court Cases: short form: Smith v. Jones, 119 U.S. 476 (1972) short form: Smith v. Jones, 119 U.S. 476 (1972) Long form: Smith v. Jones, 119 U.S. 476, 355 S. Ct. 932, 412 L. Ed. 2d 828 (1972) Long form: Smith v. Jones, 119 U.S. 476, 355 S. Ct. 932, 412 L. Ed. 2d 828 (1972) U.S. Court of Appeals Cases: U.S. Court of Appeals Cases: Jones v. Smith, 365 F.2d 138 (4 th Cir. 1971) Jones v. Smith, 365 F.2d 138 (4 th Cir. 1971) U.S. District Court Cases: U.S. District Court Cases: Smith v. Jones, 289 F. Supp. 726 (D. Nev. 1970) Smith v. Jones, 289 F. Supp. 726 (D. Nev. 1970) Federal Statutes (cite official): Federal Statutes (cite official): 26 U.S.C. §1278 (1976) 26 U.S.C. §1278 (1976) State Cases: State Cases: short form: Smith v. Jones, 526 P.2d 694 (Colo. Ct. App. 1981) short form: Smith v. Jones, 526 P.2d 694 (Colo. Ct. App. 1981) long form: Smith v. Jones, 245 Colo. App. 598, 526 P.2d 694 (1981) long form: Smith v. Jones, 245 Colo. App. 598, 526 P.2d 694 (1981) State Statutes: State Statutes: Colo. Rev. Stat. § (1984) Colo. Rev. Stat. § (1984)

15 In Class Citation Exercises State Cases: State Cases: 1. You have found a case decided by the Texas Supreme Court in 1988, page 578 and volume 798 of the official cite. The case is found on page 890 of volume 657 of the unofficial cite, second series. The case title is Dean v. Stetson. 1. You have found a case decided by the Texas Supreme Court in 1988, page 578 and volume 798 of the official cite. The case is found on page 890 of volume 657 of the unofficial cite, second series. The case title is Dean v. Stetson. 2. The case you wish to cite is Pickard v. Bartschi, decided in It is from the Montana Supreme Court, on page 878 of volume 113 of the official cite; it is found on page 122 in volume 345 of the unofficial publication, third series. 2. The case you wish to cite is Pickard v. Bartschi, decided in It is from the Montana Supreme Court, on page 878 of volume 113 of the official cite; it is found on page 122 in volume 345 of the unofficial publication, third series. Federal Cases: Federal Cases: 1. Your case was decided by a U.S. District Court judge in Nevada. The case is titled Rian v. Hayden, decided in 1999, and found on page 567, volume Your case was decided by a U.S. District Court judge in Nevada. The case is titled Rian v. Hayden, decided in 1999, and found on page 567, volume The title of the case is Scott v. Keith. It was decided in 2003 by the U.S. Court of Appeals in the 9 th Circuit. It is found in volume 345 on page 879, third series. 2. The title of the case is Scott v. Keith. It was decided in 2003 by the U.S. Court of Appeals in the 9 th Circuit. It is found in volume 345 on page 879, third series. 3. The U.S. Supreme Court decided a case entitled Ring v. Stokes in The official cite is volume 567, page 345; The Lawyer’s Co-op cite is page 48, volume 443, second series; the West publication is volume 890, page 765. The court accepted the case by Writ of Certiorari from Maine. 3. The U.S. Supreme Court decided a case entitled Ring v. Stokes in The official cite is volume 567, page 345; The Lawyer’s Co-op cite is page 48, volume 443, second series; the West publication is volume 890, page 765. The court accepted the case by Writ of Certiorari from Maine.


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