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1 Lesson 1 Why Is Food Safety Important? Where Do the Rules Come From?

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Presentation on theme: "1 Lesson 1 Why Is Food Safety Important? Where Do the Rules Come From?"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Lesson 1 Why Is Food Safety Important? Where Do the Rules Come From?

2 2 Magnitude of Foodborne Illness Estimated annual occurrence:  76 million cases of foodborne illness  325,000 hospitalizations from foodborne illness  5,000 deaths from foodborne illness (Mead, et al., 1999)

3 3 Activity: What Is Your Theoretical Chance of Getting a Foodborne Illness This Year?  The population of the U.S. is 295 million people.  295,000,000/76,000,000 = 3.9.  This means that approximately 1 in every 4 (3.9) people will suffer from a foodborne illness during the year.

4 4 The Good News...  500 to 900 billion safe meals are served in food service establishments every year.

5 5 Cost of FBI to an Establishment  Loss of customers and sales  Loss of good reputation  Lawsuits resulting in lawyer and court fees  Increased insurance costs  Lowered employee confidence  Increased absence of employees  Need for re-training employees  Embarrassment

6 6 I need 250 get well cards! HALLMADE CARDS

7 7 Click on speaker to start audioclip. Activity: Personal Account of FBI  Audioclip provides a woman’s experience with botulism that she got from a baked potato that was held too long at room temperature by a restaurant. Used with permission from Oregon State University.

8 8 S.T.O.P. 

9 9 Individuals at Higher Risk for Getting a Foodborne Illness Young children & the elderly Those with weakened immune systems Infants & pregnant women

10 10 Song Activity: U.S.D.A. People, there’s no need to despair If you’re worried ‘bout your food, land, or air I can tell you, that there are people who care There’s no need to be unhappy People, there’s a place you could go Where there’s research on how to make your plants grow And some programs that pay the growers some dough Even when they don’t plant nothing

11 11 U.S.D.A. It’s fun to work with the USDA They are everything An agency could be They look out for you and me It’s fun to work with the USDA Congress legislates Then they regulate They get to make all the rules

12 12 U.S.D.A. If you’re worried ‘bout microbes in your beef FSIS, they’ll provide some relief Their inspectors have sharp authority teeth They’ll put the bad guys out of business Food stamps, yes they handle those too School lunches, here’s some pizza for you And extension, to tell us all that is new It is really quite impressive

13 13 U.S.D.A. It’s fun to work with the USDA They are everything An agency could be They look out for you and me It’s fun to work with the USDA Congress legislates Then they regulate They get to make all the rules

14 14 U.S.D.A. If those Medflies try to get in your way They’ve got APHIS there to enter the fray And they’re armed with malathion to spray So our growers need not worry If disasters come and wipe out the farm Crop insurance is there to lessen the harm If there’s surplus, there’s no need for alarm Thanks to price supports and Congress

15 15 U.S.D.A. It’s fun to work with the USDA They are everything An agency could be They look out for you and me It’s fun to work with the USDA Congress legislates Then they regulate They get to make all the rules

16 16 U.S.D.A It’s fun to work with the USDA They are everything An agency could be They look out for you and me It’s fun to work with the USDA Congress legislates Then they regulate They get to make all the rules

17 17 Idaho’s Food Safety Rules  Idaho Food Code

18 18 Activity: Using the Idaho Food Code  Does a produce stand selling boxes of apples qualify as a “food establishment?”  No (Answer found in Section (B) 36.c.ii) : The term “food establishment” does not include: (ii) A produce stand that offers only whole, uncut fresh fruits and vegetables.

19 19 Activity: Using the Idaho Food Code  Can potentially hazardous food be thawed on the counter?  No (Answer found in Section ): Potentially hazardous food shall be thawed: a. Under refrigeration b. Under running water c. During cooking

20 20 Activity: Using the Idaho Food Code  Is the wearing of jewelry restricted when working in a food service establishment?  Yes (Answer found in Section ): “While preparing food, employees may not wear jewelry, including medical information jewelry, on their arms and hands. This section does not apply to a plain ring, such as a wedding band.”

21 21 Rule Enforcement  The Idaho Food Code is enforced by health inspectors who regularly inspect food establishments. Health inspectors can close establishments that are in violation of the Code.  Inspectors work for one of the seven Idaho Health Districts.

22 22 Idaho’s Training Manual  Idaho Food Safety and Sanitation Manual. Available at:

23 23 Idaho Food Safety and Sanitation Manual Table of Contents:  Microbiology  Foodborne Disease Outbreaks  Food Sources and Protection  Destruction of Organisms  Limiting Bacterial Growth  Employee Hygiene and Health  Equipment and Utensil Cleaning and Sanitation

24 24 Idaho Food Safety and Sanitation Manual Table of Contents continued  Water and Sewage Systems  Physical Facilities  Rodent and Insect Control  Poisonous Materials  (Re) Thinking HACCP  Training Employees  What to Do If Outbreak Occurs  Review and Important Areas of Knowledge

25 25 Activity: Using the Idaho Food Safety and Sanitation Manual  Can potentially hazardous food be thawed on the counter?  No (Answer found in Chapter 5, page 36)  “Potentially hazardous foods must be thawed as fast as possible to limit bacterial growth during the process.” Three methods are acceptable.  Under refrigeration  Under running water  As a part of continuous cooking Thawing at room temperature is not acceptable.  No (Answer found in Chapter 5, page 36)  “Potentially hazardous foods must be thawed as fast as possible to limit bacterial growth during the process.” Three methods are acceptable.  Under refrigeration  Under running water  As a part of continuous cooking Thawing at room temperature is not acceptable.

26 26 Activity: Using the Idaho Food Safety and Sanitation Manual  Can someone who has diarrhea work as a food handler?  No, unless the cause of diarrhea has been determined to be not communicable. (Answer found in Chapter 6, page 40)

27 27 Federal Government Recommendations  Food Code (www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/foodcode.html)

28 28  Food service employees have the responsibility to deliver safe, quality food to the person eating it.  The Person In Charge also has the responsibility of training employees in correct procedures. Responsibilities

29 29 Understanding Check!  The U.S. has very safe food, yet approximately 1 in every _________ people suffers a foodborne illness each year. 4

30 30 Understanding Check!  If a restaurant causes a foodborne illness the results can be Loss of customers Loss of good reputation Lawsuits Increased insurance costs Reduced employee confidence Need to re-train employees Embarrassment

31 31 Understanding Check!  What is the name of the Idaho food safety rules for food establishments? Idaho Food Code


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