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The Model Validation Story 1. You’ve heard this story before August 10, 1996 Accurate and up-to-date models are needed for reliable and economic grid.

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Presentation on theme: "The Model Validation Story 1. You’ve heard this story before August 10, 1996 Accurate and up-to-date models are needed for reliable and economic grid."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Model Validation Story 1

2 You’ve heard this story before August 10, 1996 Accurate and up-to-date models are needed for reliable and economic grid operations and planning WECC required generators to be tested for model validation after 1996 system outages WECC established a formal Generating Unit Model Validation Policy in 2006: Baseline model development, Periodic model validation NERC Reliability Standards MOD-026,-027: Developed from 2007 to 2013 In effect starting July 1, 2014

3 Regulatory Landscape MOD-032 require: Generator Owners to develop and provide accurate models to Transmission Planners MOD-025 require: Generator Owners to verify reactive power capabilities MOD-026, -027 require: Generator Owners to periodically validate generator excitation and governor models Transmission Planners verify model usability 3

4 (a) Baseline Model Development vs. (b) Disturbance-Based Model Validation vs. (c) Disturbance-Based Model Calibration 4

5 (a) Baseline Model Development 5 Equipment Model Verify model structure represents generating equipment Test model components, develop baseline data sets Disturbance data can be used complementary

6 (a) Baseline Model Development Test the limits and capability curves 6

7 (b) Disturbance-Based Model Validation PMU needs to be placed at Power Plant POI 7

8 (b) Disturbance-Based Model Validation Disturbance play-in capabilities are added to GE PSLF in G Power Plant G Controllable Voltage and Frequency Voltage and Frequency MWs and MVARs MODEL

9 (b) Disturbance-Based Model Validation BPA PPMV sequence of GE PSF EPCLs and MATLAB programs BPA-PNNL PPMV Stand-alone data management program Idaho Power Excel macro with PI data link and PSLF interfaces 9

10 (b) Disturbance-Based Model Validation BPA has PMU disturbance monitoring: -Conventional – -12 plants, -130 generators, -21,145 MW of generation -Wind – -11 plants -1,200 MW of generation -Review model performance annually 10

11 Success Stories – Plant A 11 BEFORE-2014AFTER-2015

12 Success Stories – Plant B 12 BEFORE-2014AFTER-2015

13 (c) Disturbance-Based Model Calibration Can PMU data be used for model calibration ? Disturbance-based model calibration – is NOT a replacement for baselining testing – can be used to complement baseline model development – requires engineering judgment – beware of curve fitting gymnastics 13

14 (c) Disturbance-Based Model Calibration EPRI Power Plant Parameter Derivation (PPPD) is most mature, a user group is established including about 30 participants Bernie University of Wisconsin uses a unique approach of pattern matching – which is useful to provide insight in model inaccuracies Others: – MATLAB – Idaho Power developed in-house optimizers – PNNL – Kalman filter – University of Texas – Particle Swarm Optimization – Georgia Tech – super-calibrator 14

15 Wind Power Plant Model Validation and Calibration 15

16 Wind Power Plant Model Validation BPA has nearly 4,900 MW of wind generation interconnected to its transmission system BPA prototyped PMU-based wind power plant validation set-up for multiple wind power plants BPA is collaborating with EPRI, UVIG, NREL research on wind power model validation using PMU data BPA implemented wind models in State Estimator 16

17 3. Wind Power Plant Model Validation 17

18 Plant Performance Monitoring 18

19 Going Beyond the Standards PMU monitoring provides detection of generator abnormalities 19 Unexpected action from plant controller Abnormal runback in reactive power PSS failure

20 Publications DOE Report on Model Validation CIGRE Tutorial CIGRE Paper IEEE Magazine paper ERCOT Technical Conference NASPI Meetings 20


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