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CHAPTER 1: A Preview of Business Statistics to accompany Introduction to Business Statistics fourth edition, by Ronald M. Weiers Presentation by Priscilla Chaffe-Stengel Donald N. Stengel © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Chapter 1 - Key Terms Collection, summarization, analysis, and reporting of numerical findings Statistics - Two Usages –A. The study of statistics –B. Statistics as reported sample measures »1. Descriptive »2. Inferential © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Chapter 1 - Key Terms Inferential Statistics
Types of Variables Qualitative Variables –Attributes, categories »Examples: male/female, registered to vote/not, ethnicity, eye color.... Quantitative Variables – Discrete - usually take on integer values but can take on fractions when variable allows - counts, how many – Continuous - can take on any value at any point along an interval - measurements, how much © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Example: Types of Variables Problem 1.16 For each of the following, indicate whether the appropriate variable would be qualitative or quantitative. If the variable is quantitative, indicate whether it would be discrete or continuous. © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Problem 1.16 a) Whether you own an RCA Colortrak television set b) Your status as a full-time or a part- time student c) Number of people who attended your school’s graduation last year Qualitative Variable –two levels: yes/no –no measurement Qualitative Variable –two levels: full/part –no measurement Quantitative, Discrete Variable –a countable number –only whole numbers © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Problem 1.16, continued d) The price of your most recent haircut e) Sam’s travel time from his dorm to the Student Union Quantitative, Discrete Variable –a countable number –only whole numbers Quantitative, Continuous Variable –any number –time is measured –can take on any value greater than zero © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Problem 1.16, continued f) The number of students on campus who belong to a social fraternity or sorority Quantitative, Discrete Variable –a countable number –only whole numbers © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Scales of Measurement Nominal Scale - Labels represent various levels of a categorical variable. Ordinal Scale - Labels represent an order that indicates either preference or ranking. Interval Scale - Numerical labels indicate order and distance between elements. There is no absolute zero and multiples of measures are not meaningful. Ratio Scale - Numerical labels indicate order and distance between elements. There is an absolute zero and multiples of measures are meaningful. © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Example: Scales of Measurement Problem 1.20 Bill scored 1200 on the Scholastic Aptitude Test and entered college as a physics major. As a freshman, he changed to business because he thought it was more interesting. Because he made the dean’s list last semester, his parents gave him $30 to buy a new Casio calculator. Identify at least one piece of information in the: © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Problem 1.20, continued a) nominal scale of measurement. 1. Bill is going to college. 2. Bill will buy a Casio calculator. 3. Bill was a physics major. 4. Bill is a business major. 5. Bill was on the dean’s list. © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
Problem 1.20, continued b) ordinal scale of measurement c) interval scale of measurement d) ratio scale of measurement Bill is a freshman. Bill earned a 1200 on the SAT. Bill’s parents gave him $30. © 2002 The Wadsworth Group
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