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Cultural Diversity and its Effects on Learning and Teaching Monica A. Devanas Teaching Excellence Center Rutgers University.

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Presentation on theme: "Cultural Diversity and its Effects on Learning and Teaching Monica A. Devanas Teaching Excellence Center Rutgers University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cultural Diversity and its Effects on Learning and Teaching Monica A. Devanas Teaching Excellence Center Rutgers University

2 Diverse Students motivational and learning characteristics of students different from white, middle class males interplay of social and cultural diversity and learning style, curriculum content and instructional style

3 Diverse Students Social relational skills, values, characteristics Information processing orientations and skills Communication patterns Learning styles and strategies Motivational styles Psychological characteristics

4 Cultural, Learning and Motivational Styles Non-traditional –Social interactions –Peer cooperation –Performance –Visual perception –Symbolic expression –Narrative Traditional –Independence –Competition –Verbal skills

5 Cultural, Learning and Motivational Styles Females –affiliation –relationships –collaborative- cooperative interaction Males –separation –autonomy –competitive achievements

6 Learning Styles Relational –holistic, global –intuitive –social –verbal –nonacademic task oriented –affected by opinions –withdraw from drill –style conflicts with school environments Analytical –focus on detail –sequential –impersonal –abstract –academic task oriented –not affected by opinions –persist in drills –styles matches school environments

7 Experiential Learning Model Concrete Experience Testing Implications Observations and of Concepts in New Reflections Situations Formation of Abstract Concepts and Generalizations

8 Experiential Learning Model Concrete Experience Testing Implications Observations and of Concepts in New Reflections Situations Formation of Abstract Concepts and Generalizations

9 Experiential Learning Model Visual Concrete Experience Testing Implications Observations and of Concepts in New Reflections Situations Connected Separate Formation of Abstract Concepts and Generalizations Verbal

10 Learning Styles and Strategies Felder and Soloman Model Active/Reflective Sensing/Intuitive Visual/Verbal Sequential/Global /felder/public/ILSpage.html

11 Effective Teaching Strategies Concrete Experience - readings, examples, fieldwork, problems, observations, simulations, primary texts, films, games

12 Effective Teaching Strategies Concrete Experience - readings, examples, fieldwork, problems, observations, simulations, primary texts, films, games Reflective Observation - logs, journals, discussion, brainstorming, thought/rhetorical questions

13 Effective Teaching Strategies Concrete Experience - readings, examples, fieldwork, problems, observations, simulations, primary texts, films, games Reflective Observation - logs, journals, discussion, brainstorming, thought/rhetorical questions Abstract Conceptualization - lecture, papers, projects, analogies, model building

14 Effective Teaching Strategies Concrete Experience - readings, examples, fieldwork, problems, observations, simulations, primary texts, films, games Reflective Observation - logs, journals, discussion, brainstorming, thought/rhetorical questions Abstract Conceptualization - lecture, papers, projects, analogies, model building Active Experimentation - projects, fieldwork, homework, laboratory, case study, simulations

15 UCLA Freshman Survey rd year sampled: 383,815 students, 668 Two & Four Year Institutions adjusted: 275,811 students, 469 Institutions represent: 1.6 M entering 1st year students

16 UCLA Freshman Survey 82.9% Internet – educational, research tool 65.9% 54.2% chat rooms 72.9% “other” 80.4% play computer games

17 UCLA Freshman Survey private public black colleges in HS 80.1% 41.4% homework

18 UCLA Freshman Survey Interest in: Politics Law 1998 – 25.9%* 3.0%* 1997 – – – 5.4 * record low

19 UCLA Freshman Survey Volunteerism in HS: 1998 – 74.2* 1997 – – 62.0 * record high

20 UCLA Freshman Survey Academic Disengagement: (“bored in class” in HS) 1998 – 37.7* 1997 – – 26.4 * record high

21 Implementing the Principles of Good Practice for Diverse Learning Styles Technology as the Lever

22 Promising Instructional Technologies Visual Materials –artifacts –overhead projector and slides –computer graphic presentation –movies, video, videodisk

23 Promising Instructional Technologies Visual Materials –artifacts –overhead projector and slides –computer graphic presentation –movies, video, videodisk Auditory Materials –tapes –instruments –human voices

24 Classroom Technologies “Smart” Classrooms (HEFT) see, hear, breathe equipment: –overhead, ceiling, 16 mm, slides –VCR, CD/Video disk –computer connections –audio tape player/recorder

25 Video Conferencing “Open your Classroom to the World” languages, cultures, literature, film Students at a Distance Research, Meetings, Seminars

26 “EXTRA-classroom” Instructional Technologies Electronic data bases –library –web-based Graphic Data Statistical Data

27 “EXTRA-classroom” Instructional Technologies Listserv newsgroups/discussion groups “chat rooms” real time web-based materials on-line courses

28 Uses of Communication - Q&A, “virtual” office hours Information distribution - FAQ’s, announcements Course Organization - homework, assignments Content Enrichment

29 Intro to Macro & Micro Economics

30 Biomedical Issues of AIDS

31 Student’s Listserv Discussions megan wrote: just a question to ponder.... how do you think life will change if a cure is found. do you think people will change their attitudes … In respone to megan if there was a cure i think people will have another excuse to hace unprotected sex. I know many people who refuse to use… For the past week or so, I have received many l messages about a conspiracy theory. It bothered me to hear that people had that little faith in their government….. in response to what megan wrote...i think people will still have protected sex because the cure for AIDS is going to be very expensive, and besides … I must say that for those of you who believe that our government would not withhold the cure for AIDS, have to much faith in their government…

32 Listserv Discussion Groups Group 2: Should convicted criminals be required to disclose their HIV status and/or be tested for HIV? Many people agreed that, for the majority of cases, a criminal should not be forced to be tested and therefore disclose their information. Afterall, as someone stated, "having your personal medical records made public is not part of the sentence." Others felt that it would be too expensive to test everyone in prison and that the money could be used elsewhere. The fact is that other inmates would discriminate against the HIV positive person and a great deal of violence would occur. If you think about it, why should criminals be forced to be tested and/or forced to disclose their personal medical history just because they are in jail? Afterall, they don't test you for any other diseases in jail- why only HIV?

33 Conferencing Software Conferencing - Web-Based Discussion –Nicenet (http://www.nicenet.org)http://www.nicenet.org –NetscapeProfessional, Allaire Forum WebCT (https://webct.rutgers.edu/)https://webct.rutgers.edu/ –conferencing –organization –testing

34 Testing Software Half-Baked Potato Software –http://web.uvic.ca/hrd/halfbaked/http://web.uvic.ca/hrd/halfbaked/ –JBC on-line quizzes (multiple choice) –JQuiz (short answers) –Markin (annotate text) PerfectMatch (beta preview) –http://biomedia.bio.purdue.edu/PerfectMatch/http://biomedia.bio.purdue.edu/PerfectMatch/ –match image with concept

35 Precautions for using Instructional Technologies Purpose Evaluation of Effectiveness –teaching –learning Back-up plans Reliance on Infrastrucure

36 “Highly Interactive” Learning Model Bork Model “New Learning Structures” learning and evaluation blended –frequent interaction (20 sec) –Socratic format –memory of learning style

37 Assessment Student survey Instructor satisfaction Attendance Graduates quantitative scores

38 “Seven Principles of Good Practice” Increase Contact Cooperation Active Learning Feedback Time on Task High Expectations Respects Diverse Talents and Ways of Learning Chickering and Ehrmann 1996 IMPLEMENTING THE SEVEN PRINCIPLES: Technology as Lever. AAHE Bulletin

39 Teaching Effectiveness Goal Research - Strategies - Assessment “Multicultural Teaching Repertoire” is…. …effective teaching for all students

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