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Building a Comprehensive, Effective, and Successful 1 st -year Engineering Program Rick Freuler First-year Engineering Program Engineering Education Innovation.

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Presentation on theme: "Building a Comprehensive, Effective, and Successful 1 st -year Engineering Program Rick Freuler First-year Engineering Program Engineering Education Innovation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building a Comprehensive, Effective, and Successful 1 st -year Engineering Program Rick Freuler First-year Engineering Program Engineering Education Innovation Center

2 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference2 The "Roadmap" for Today Who is this guy, anyway Introduction & background Early program details Current program description The “Freshman Cornerstone” Observations, Lessons Learned, Impacts Summary

3 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference3 Who Is This Guy Anyway? Rick Freuler is –Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors (FEH) Program Director, Engineering Education Innovation Center –Professor of Practice in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering –ASEE First-year Programs Division Chair –44 th Year Student of Engineering (I was there for the 1968 football season and Rose Bowl.)

4 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference4 Introduction OSU’s First-year Engineering Program initially developed over an 11-year period from 1992 through 2003 Arose from concern about student retention in engineering –In 1988 the retention to a degree in Engineering at Ohio State was only 38% Survey of Ohio State alumni in industry Ohio State part of Gateway Coalition –Agreed to adapt or adopt the Drexel E4 model

5 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference5 Early Efforts The Drexel E4 Program – –Combined Chemistry with Biology –Combined Math with Physics. –Engineering had both a lecture portion and a hands-on lab portion. –Humanities were combined with communication, both technical and non-technical components. E4 Program Results - –>60% retention results and feedback co-op employers was very positive.

6 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference6 OSU's "Gateway" Program OSU adaptation of Drexel's E4 involved select and dedicated faculty from two Colleges (ENG and MPS) Engineering Mechanics combined with Math –Accelerated Calculus –Statics, Particle Dynamics, Rigid Body Dynamics Engineering Graphics, Programming Engineering hands-on lab each quarter

7 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference7 Current OSU First-Year Engineering Program First-year Engineering now offered in four course sequences for first-year students: –Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) –Fundamentals of Engineering for Scholars (FES) –Fundamentals of Engineering for Transfers (FET) –Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors (FEH) All sequences include hands-on labs, with engineering "up-front" and team-based design/build introduced early and often

8 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference8 Early Timeline for 1st-Year Program Year Activity (Students) 1992 Planning for Gateway 1993 Pilot 1 (30) 1994 Pilot 2 & 3 (38 & 65) 1995 Pilot 4 & 5 (37 & 64) 1996 Pilot 6 (64) 1997 FEH Approved (71) 1998 FEH (105) 1999 FEH (173) 2000 FEH (218) 2001 FEH (252) 2002 FEH (250) … 2011 FEH (452) Year Activity (Students) 1997 Planning for FE 1998 Pilot 1 (105) 1999 Pilot 2 (275) 2000 FE Approved (681) 2001 FE (~800) 2002 FE (~1,050) … 2011 FE/FES (~1,700)

9 First-year Engineering Program Enrollment Trends

10 Yes…There is a Well Defined First- Year Engineering Honors Program 1 st year program option offered only for University Honors designated students A tightly-coupled year- long course sequence in engineering fundamentals Coordination among the core first-year classes of engineering, math, and physics 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

11 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference11 Comparing First-Year Sequences FEH Emphasis on hands-on learning and design Coordination among the FEH core classes More challenging Students take a 3-course sequence of Honors Engineering (ENG H191, ENG H192, & ENG H193) 12 credit hours FE/FES Emphasis on hands-on learning and design No coordination among any freshman classes Challenging Students take a 2-course sequence of engineering (ENG 181 & ENG 183) and usually EG 167 Usually 10 credit hours

12 Yes…You Will Get Connected to the Engineering Faculty in the First Year First-year engineering courses are taught by faculty Hand-picked from among the departments in the College 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference12 These represent the some of the best researchers & teachers Instructional team includes graduate and undergraduate students

13 Yes…You Are Going to Design and Build During the First Year! Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors (FEH) –Autonomous Robot Design –Nanotechnology Fundamentals of Engineering (FE/FES) –Rollercoaster Design –Nanotechnology –Advanced Energy Vehicle 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

14 Cornerstone Design Projects FE Roller-Coaster FE/FES Advanced Energy Vehicle (AEV) FEH Robot FEH/FE Nanotechnology

15 Cornerstone Common Elements Typical Project Goals Students will have… Hands-on engineering design/build experience A team-based project with peer evaluation Laboratory activities –Measure, record, analyze, and present –Build, test, modify, test, demonstrate, and report Multiple opportunities to improve –Self-learning ability –Ability to work with a team –Ability to communicate effectively 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

16 Cornerstone Common Elements Typical Learning Objectives Students will… Complete a term-length, design-build project which serves as a cornerstone experience Be able to visualize and present objects in systems in three-dimensions Develop professional skills for success in engineering Have an introductory level of knowledge of project management 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

17 Assessing the Design Experience Elements of the design experience –Identifying solution options –Identifying constraints –Performing research –Performing analysis –Evaluating analysis (making a decision) –Implementing design decision –Performing project management 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

18 Assessing the Design Experience Survey to gather data on time spent and iterations on activities Anonymous No effect on grades Weekly updates Student teams were asked to indicate: Amount of time spent Number of participants Number of times revisited 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

19 Observations & Lessons Learned % Total Time Spent - AEV Reasonably full set of activities for most any design project Measureable amount of exposure to each design activity No less than 8% time in any one activity 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

20 Observations & Lessons Learned More complex design projects require more visits and revisits to specific design activities Such multiple visits highlight and reinforce the iterative nature of design Weekly Visits - ROBOT 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

21 Impact of First-year Engineering Program on Retention to Degree

22 Cornerstone Design Projects FE Roller-Coaster FES Advanced Energy Vehicle (AEV) FEH Robot FEH/FE Nanotechnology

23 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference23 Summary A First-year Engineering Program that is Comprehensive Effective Successful

24 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference24 Comprehensive Uniformly required of all students in all COE majors Four sequences to accommodate all students –University Honors students –University Scholars students –Standard track students –Transfer students Variety of hands-on lab activities and cornerstone projects to appeal to all majors Portable to OSU regional campuses

25 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference25 Effective Students- Have a good understanding of what engineering is all about Have a positive attitude toward engineering Are better informed when selecting a major Are better prepared for entry into their major Receive a foundation on which to build rest of college career in engineering Get connected to other students, faculty, the College, and the profession

26 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference26 Successful Retention of students into second year is up 6-year graduation rates are up (to ~60%) Helps recruit the better and the best students Acknowledged as one of the top first-year programs in the country Industry recognizes the teamwork and leadership skills developed in students Industry is now contributing advancement funding & gifts-in-kind to the 1 st -year program

27 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference27 Acknowledgements NSF funded the Gateway Engineering Education Coalition for early development Ohio State’s College of Engineering for support, equipment, and renovated space All of the faculty, staff, and students who contributed to the program development All of the EEIC faculty, staff, and students who teach and facilitate program delivery

28 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference28 Comments or Questions and Contact Info Rick Freuler Fundamentals of Engineering for Honors Bob Gustafson Engineering Education Innovation Center Cliff Whitfield FES AEV Design Project Course

29 OSU FIRST-YEAR ENGINEERING CLASSROOMS 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference29

30 30 Space Renovation Summer 2000 & Summer 2001 Existing space was renovated to produce One 72 seat computer classroom Three 36 seat computer classrooms Three hands-on labs - each with 9 benches for 9 teams of 4 students 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

31 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference31 Classrooms and Laboratory Rooms In the classroom two students sit side-by-side and across from two other students Provides for teams of 4 students, each with easy individual access to a computer

32 Classrooms – 36 Seats or 72 Seats

33 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference33 Laboratory Rooms – 36 Students

34 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference34 72 Seat Classroom – Isometric View

35 THE FEH ROBOT DESIGN PROJECT 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference35

36 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference36 Key Features of the FEH Robot Design-Build Project There is a new robot scenario and obstacle course each year There is an alternative project each year Both students and faculty have input to team selection Students work in four person teams and develop their own working agreements The robot competition is done in public – arena or field house is rented

37 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference37 Key Features of the FEH Robot Design-Build Project Design-build project uses skills and knowledge developed in earlier quarters Project planning, management, and documentation are key concepts These elements constitute about 80 percent of grade; 20 percent is on robot performance Final report has a solid model and dimensioned drawings

38 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference38 Key Features of the FEH Robot Design-Build Project Weekly review by teaching team of robot and project notebook Peer evaluation at 4th, 7th, and 10th week Peer evaluation affects course grade Documentation includes progress report, draft and final written reports, project notebook, and oral presentation Math, Physics, and Engineering faculty meet weekly

39 Robot Competition Venue

40 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference40 The Individual Competition –Gauge performance vs. other teams –Used to seed teams in final competition –Motivates students to make last-chance revisions Individual (8 th week of class)

41 The Final Competition Head-to-head (9 th week of class)videovideo

42 Team Project Oral Presentation 30 March KEEN 2012 Regional Conference

43 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference43 Observed Success: Some Statistics Based on comparison with a matched control group, those who complete FEH will usually: Start into their majors 1 quarter earlier Graduate in 4.3 rather than 4.8 years Participate in a co-op or internship (80% of FEH versus 50% of control) Be more likely to become leaders in student organizations (FIRST)

44 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference44 Observed Successes: Entry to Major

45 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference45 Observed Success: More Statistics Based on comparison with a matched control group, those who complete FEH will usually: Have better grades in subsequent math and physics courses Have higher GPAs with an upward trend after three quarters Be more likely to stay with engineering

46 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference46 Observed Successes: Retention In Engineering Results

47 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference47 FEH Enrollment Growth

48 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference48 Recognition and Industry Response College of Engineering gave FEH the Boyer Award for Excellence in Teaching Innovation Several FEH instructors have been awarded the MacQuigg Award for Teaching Excellence Industry involvement –Example: P&G Product Launch exercise –Example: Alcatel-Lucent lectures to all sections each year –Industry willing to take FEH students after first year for Co-op and Internship

49 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference49 Recognition and Industry Response Companies which have been involved: –Alcatel-Lucent, American Electric Power, Arvin Meritor, Autodesk, Caterpillar, DaimlerChrysler, Eaton, Exxon-Mobil, Ford, Honda, Lockheed-Martin, Mabuchi, Microsoft, National Instruments, Procter & Gamble, Raytheon, Shell, and Texas Instruments Ohio State President has attended robot competition

50 HOW THE FEH H193 ROBOT PROJECT COURSE WORKS 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference50

51 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference51 Teaching ENG H193 Lecture sessions –Include design techniques, calculations, documentation methods, reporting methods, laboratory tools and techniques –Less than 1/3 of class meeting time Lab sessions –Occupies majority of class time –Professor, graduate (GTA), & undergrad teaching assistants (UTA) available to answer questions

52 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference52 Operational Details Scenario / Project specification Robot course Robot controller Materials made available to students Capable support systems

53 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference53 The Scenario Changed each year Developed by team of faculty, GTAs and UTAs Involves simulation of a real world problem Robots introduced as solution to problem Revealed on 1st day

54 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference54 Project Specifications Designed to allow creativity within specific constraints Developed using a team approach –Faculty members & TAs –TAs provide input via past experience

55 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference55 The Robot Course Built by UTA “Course Team” Constructed during first two quarters Materials and quality of construction determine project level of difficulty –Driving surfaces, ramp location and materials, electrical components –Keep difficulty uniform throughout course –Production-quality working drawings Monitor wear on course during use Set up course on competition day

56 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference56 The Robot Course

57 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference57 The Robot Controller MIT Handy Board –68HC11 CPU (2 Mhz) –32k RAM –16 inputs (digital/analog) –4 motor outputs –16 x 2 LCD Screen –Programmed via Interactive C – similar to Java VM Interpreted execution Multitasking

58 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference58 The “Company Store” Primary outlet for parts and supplies –Structural materials, motors, gears, wheels, electrical components, sensors –Open during most open lab times Catalog distributed to students and available online Staffed by UTAs Team budget & store inventory are tracked via online web application

59 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference59 The Support Systems Open labs & "Company Store" –At least two UTAs and one GTA Normal class time –Two UTAs, one GTA, one faculty member –More TAs typically intersect in adjacent rooms Instructional Lab Supervisors –Available during day Machine shop –Use of tools and training via UTA

60 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference60 The Support Systems Online –Message board or AIM staffed by GTAs Weekly staff meetings –Include Math, Physics, Statics, & Eng staff –Coordinate activities to not overload students Weekly anonymous student journals Weekly progress reviews with teams

61 30 March 2012KEEN 2012 Regional Conference61 In Summary… –Comparable to junior- or senior-level project –Experience beneficial throughout collegiate career and beyond Operational support via past students Continuous feedback via present students H193 provides an exciting hands-on design/build experience ENG H193 is a unique first-year experience


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