Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Cold War Origins and development. But first, what’s wrong with this?  “In the tense atmosphere of Cold War confrontation between the two military superpowers...

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Cold War Origins and development. But first, what’s wrong with this?  “In the tense atmosphere of Cold War confrontation between the two military superpowers..."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cold War Origins and development

2 But first, what’s wrong with this?  “In the tense atmosphere of Cold War confrontation between the two military superpowers... no European nation could hope to play more than a subordinate role.”

3 Britain  1945 –2 nd biggest navy, world empire, partner w/ US and USSR  Deal w/ Communist threat (internal, external)  Deal with USSR as new superpower  (1943 Post Hostilities Planning Committee)

4 Britain action plan  protect western Germany (not Poland)  Restore economy  Maintain image as world power  Protect Mediterranean  Secure US aid (milit & financ)

5 France  1945 – Communist party 23% of vote  Deal w/ Comm threat (internal, external)  Deal with USSR as aggressive superpower (Stalin = Attila the Hun)  Restore economy  Cling to empire  Prevent Germany from threatening ever again

6 USSR  Devastated by western invasions  Need buffer against enemies, all directions  Restore economy  Stalin paranoid

7 Don’t trust wartime allies  Truman 6/1941 “If we see that Germany is winning, we ought to help Russia and if Russia is winning we ought to help Germany and that way let them kill as many as possible.”

8  Lend-Lease ended 1945 (paperwork lost)  1947 Truman Doctrine aid Turkey, Greece far far away from US borders, so real purpose?

9 Clash  Central Euro security  Econ systems, Pol systems inherently “missionary”

10  Britain nuclear 1947  Fr, GB accepting Marshall Plan money  Communists expelled from gov’ts as condition of aid (what look like from USSR P.O.V.?  Colonial wars – Vietnam vs. France

11 US lured onto Euro soil  1948 Brussels Treaty – West Euro defense alliance  NATO 1949 secure US alliance   from USSR P.O.V, think “reverse Cuban Missile Crisis”

12  Brit gov’t – must show dem’cy/captlism > Comm  promoting through educ and media, labor unions  France chaotic series of gov’ts (multiparty parliament), intellectual elite sympathetic to Communists  needed to avoid hardline anti- Communism

13  Need Western Germy, rebuild, tie to Western Euro – even allow rearmament! (pay for own def)  Brit aid Berlin Airlift (roughly ¼ of all tonnage)  created sympathy, heroes, martyrs

14 From Soviet POV  Marshall Plan political ploy 1947  Monroe Doctrine since 1823   Anti-communist leaders purged, jailed, forced out 1947   Jan Masaryk of Czech “fell” out window  Ital, Fr Comms accused of being too soft  became more militant, forcing divisions

15  Dismantled Germ industry, sent to USSR  Took workers, engineers, scientists  (US enlists many former Nazis as spies)  Berlin blockade 1948, expected no resistance (like elsewhere in East Euro)

16 Media  brought conflict into everyday life  Voice of America 38 langs, jammed by Soviets  Spy novels (incl. James Bond)  1984  Soviets controlled all media in East Euro   perception, assumption of Other

17 Proof that Europe was dead  No bridges left on Rhine river  Germany 70,000 villages + >1000 cities shambles  Germ civilians targeted (Brit nighttime area bombing)  Starv everywhere  Britain 1946-47 winter fuel short = death  Italian bakers sold bread by slice  GB ration bread 1946-48

18 St. Lo, France

19  Lack of money  barter common  Children fight for food from Allied soldiers in Germany  London bombed, missile attacked  GB econ drained

20 London

21 Berlin

22 Dresden (firebombed)

23 Google Earth, Warsaw

24 Still devouring self after war “over”  40m? Euro refugees  Germ refugees from east “unwanted, even hated”  USSR sent Soviet POWs, etc. to camps or executed (“contaminated)  10ks collaborators executed on spot

25  Civil War in Greece (conservative monarchy/military dictatorship vs. popular/Comm revolt) – war continues  Holocaust survivors persecuted, kept in camps, experience denied  Soviet prewar pop level not until c. 1955

26  Decolonization showed Euro unable to hold empires in current forms  (East Asian colonies occupied by Japan)


Download ppt "Cold War Origins and development. But first, what’s wrong with this?  “In the tense atmosphere of Cold War confrontation between the two military superpowers..."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google