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© Boardworks Ltd 2005 1 of 19 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. © Boardworks Ltd 2005 1 of 19 Product Design Evolution of Product Design
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 2 of 19 Learning objectives © Boardworks Ltd 2005 2 of 19 Learning objectives To learn about the role of product designers and how product design evolves over time in response to market trends and technological developments. To understand the difference between evolutionary change and revolutionary change. To learn how manufacturing processes have developed over time. To appreciate that society and design are interrelated. To learn about different designers and design movements.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 3 of 19 Product designers spend their time developing solutions to design problems. Product designers must meet people’s genuine needs, wants and desires if their products are to be successful. Product design is the process by which designers explore needs and develop a solution within a timescale and budget. Most products develop in an evolutionary way. They slowly change into new forms over time, as designers produce variations on existing designs. However, some products develop in a revolutionary way. An innovation results in a wholly new and original product that can have a big effect on society. What is product design?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 4 of 19 Evolution or revolution? Is each stage an evolution or a revolution in calculator design? Abacus Mechanical calculator Electronic calculator Modern scientific calculator Copyright 1997-2005
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 5 of 19 Products are developed in response to two main influences: Market pull A need or desire emerges in society. This prompts designers to search for a solution to this ‘gap in the market’. Technological push New developments in technology or improvements in knowledge stimulate new solutions to existing problems. For example, the increase in RSI (repetitive strain injuries) led to a need for padded mouse mats. For example, new technology has led to mp3 players replacing personal CD players. Evolution of product design
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 6 of 19 Market pull often causes products to develop in an evolutionary way. Evolution of product design Consumers create the demand. Products usually evolve gradually from one form to another. The technology driving the product usually exists already. Products created from a market demand are often re-styled versions of older products. A new technology becomes available. This technology offers new ways to solve problems, and creates opportunities to make wholly new products. New products are made which were not possible before the technological advancement. Technological push tends to cause revolutionary development.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 7 of 19 Evolution of product design
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 8 of 19 Developments in manufacturing processes Industrial revolution. Factories using powered machinery. High tech CAM. Flexible machinery. Increasing automation. Production lines in use. Products made in volume. Electronics invented. Specialist manufacturing equipment. Mass production. Evolution of product design Simple hand tools. One-off products. Steam power. One-off products made easier.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 9 of 19 Social impact Technology and society are closely linked. Fashion and trends often inspire changes in product design. For example, artistic movements such as pop art in the 1960s can lead to innovative new designs. Evolution of product design Since fast food restaurants became popular in the early 1980s, many common products have become disposable. Because fashion changes so quickly, we like to be able to change the look of a product without changing the function. For example, changeable casings can be bought for many mobile phones. The Egg chair by Peter Ghyczy.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 10 of 19 Design movements On the following slides, you will learn about some famous designers and design movements. Think about what inspired each movement or designer. Was it society, technology or new materials?
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 11 of 19 The Arts and Crafts Movement (mid 19 th Century) Some Victorian designers, led by William Morris, rejected the ideas of the industrial revolution. They believed that automation and mass production separated designers from their products, and that the crafts and workmanship of the past were dying out. These designers preferred to design and make products that were original and hand-crafted. The Arts and Crafts Movement produced designs based on forms in nature, such as animals and plants. Making the designs required highly skilled workers, so most of the products were too expensive for the average person to buy. Design movements
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 12 of 19 Design movements "Have nothing in your houses that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful." William Morris, 'The Beauty of Life' 1880. ©NTPL/Andreas von Einsiedel
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 13 of 19 Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928) Mackintosh trained as an architect and interior designer in Glasgow, Scotland. He didn’t like the fussy and over-decorated Victorian style that dominated the early Arts and Craft Movement. Design movements Mackintosh preferred to incorporate geometric shapes into his design. Jewellery based on Mackintosh’s designs Much of his work is based around contrasting monochrome colours and the creative use of empty space. He developed what is known as the ‘Glasgow Style’.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 14 of 19 Bauhaus The Bauhaus was a German art and architecture school which existed from 1919 to 1933. It was founded by Walter Gropius, a German architect. The Bauhaus wanted to design and manufacture products, architecture and print that was functional, cheap and compatible with mass production techniques. They believed strongly in honesty of materials and that a product’s function should be reflected in its aesthetic qualities. New materials and manufacturing processes provided a catalyst for much of their work. Design movements
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 15 of 19 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) Mies van der Rohe was the director at the Bauhaus in its final years. He was trained as a stone carver and worked under many successful designers and architects before settling at the Bauhaus. Design movements In 1937, he moved to Chicago where he designed many modern buildings and became a successful and world renowned architect and interior designer. He experimented with materials to create new designs but he held strong to his functional Bauhaus roots. Copyright Bonbon Trading 2005.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 16 of 19 James Dyson (1947–) James Dyson is a modern designer and inventor. He designed and developed several products in the 1970s, but he is most famous for his innovative re-design of the vacuum cleaner. Dyson found that the filters in his factory spray room kept clogging up. He began to experiment with cyclone suction technology and then went on to apply what he had learned to vacuum cleaners. James Dyson believes strongly in physical modelling at an early stage of a product’s development – he made over 5000 prototypes before the first DC01 came off the production line. Designers
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 17 of 19 The Ballbarrow was one of Dyson’s early designs. Designers In 1983, Dyson launched his first vacuum cleaner – the G-Force. It was priced at $2,000! The DC01 was launched in Britain in 1993. It was the fastest selling vacuum cleaner ever made in the UK. Dyson has continued to develop his designs – his latest vacuum, The Ball, has an 8-cyclone system and rests on a plastic ball, making it more manoeuvrable.
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 18 of 19 Design quiz
© Boardworks Ltd 2005 19 of 19 Key points © Boardworks Ltd 2005 19 of 19 Key points Designers respond to the needs of society. Evolutionary changes in product design happen slowly, and are usually driven by market pull. Revolutionary changes in product design are sudden and are usually caused by technological push. Design and society are closely linked – designers respond to changes in society, and cause changes in society with their products. There have been many important design movements, designers and inventors.
Design Movements Arts & Crafts Art Nouveau Art Deco Bauhaus Modernism De Stijl Memphis Post Modernism.
© Boardworks Ltd of 5 Flash activity. These activities are not editable.Web addresses Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Icons key: Product.
Mies Van Der Rohe Modernism Late 19 th Century/Early 20 th Century.
Designers and designing. Exam expectations Issues associated with how we design and famous designers are regularly tested in the written paper.
© Boardworks Ltd of 14 CAD and CAM These icons indicate that detailed teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. For.
Investigating the Design Context p.1 Context: Designer Influences Important Features I need to find out more information about existing MP3 speaker products.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Resistant Materials Industrial Practices These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in.
Product evolution Brian Russell. Exam expectations Issues associated with product evolution are regularly tested in the written paper. You should be able.
Designers and designing Brian Russell. Exam expectations Issues associated with how we design and the work of famous designers are regularly tested in.
Design Movements Brian Russell. Exam expectations Issues associated with twentieth century design movements are regularly tested in the written paper.
© Boardworks Ltd of 4 Project 7: Pop Art Artists and Movements © Boardworks Ltd of 4 Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting.
The man behind one of Design Icons of the 21 st Century Sir James Dyson, a British inventor, industrial designer and founder of the Dyson Company. He.
© Boardworks Ltd of The Business Context in which Organizations Operate Unit 1: Business Purpose 1.2 The Business Context in which Organizations.
CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH “ A genius ahead of his time”
© Boardworks Ltd of 12 © Boardworks Ltd of 12 Food Technology Food Production Systems These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful.
Design Movements Objective: Understand the transition from crafted products to mass production, and the effect on styling.
© Boardworks Ltd of The Classification of Business Activities Unit 1: Exploring Business Purposes 1.2 The Classification of Business Activities.
BAUHAUS. What was it? ■ The Bauhaus movement began in 1919 when Walter Gropius founded a school with a vision of bridging the gap between art and industry.
© Boardworks Ltd of 19 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates the.
ROOTS OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE II. The Arts & Crafts Movement: In England, there were still men of great influence who resisted the use of iron in architecture.
© Boardworks Ltd of 29 © Boardworks Ltd of 29 Product Design CAD/CAM These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are.
Ergonomics and Anthropometrics Y7 Chair styling. Memphis A design school with wacky ideas! A design school with wacky ideas! They used lots of colours.
© Boardworks Ltd of 5 © Boardworks Ltd of 5 Product Design CAD/CAM These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are.
Design Movements Different styles, fashions and development of new materials and manufacturing methods has heavily influenced by designer it experiment.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Introducing Graphic Products These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes.
© Boardworks Ltd of 7 Project 7: Pop Art Introduction and Stimuli © Boardworks Ltd of 7 Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the.
RRO EPS DCU PRODUCERS. Understand what is production What is meant by the chain of production Give examples of chains of production Define Independence.
CRES Mastery Extension Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect. One of his most famous building is called Fallingwater as shown on the right.
Group Design Movement Investigation Your Task; To work in a team to investigate the Bauhaus movement and the impact of this movement on product design.
© Boardworks Ltd of 10 The Marketing Mix Part 1: Product, price and place Marketing and Sales.
Designers EdExcel A2 Theory. Characteristics in terms of design styles, philosophy and influences on design culture of the following designers and design.
© Boardworks Ltd of 8 Project 8: Landscapes & Cityscapes Artists and Movements part 2 © Boardworks Ltd of 8 Icons key: For more detailed.
[5.4] Stakeholders and Invention & Innovation Essential idea: There are three key roles in invention and innovation, and these can be shared by one or.
© Boardworks Ltd of 17 Resistant Materials Evaluation Techniques These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available.
S3/4 Craft and Design Aesthetics. What is Aesthetics? Aesthetics is the word used when explaining or thinking about the appearance of an object. Creating.
Chapter 1 Why Study Technology? Unit 1 The Nature of Technology.
Cameron Salisbury. Various Bauhaus inspired artwork Bauhaus Café Bauhaus inspired furniture Interior Bauhaus Menu.
© Boardworks Ltd of 32 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that.
© Boardworks Ltd of 5 This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions,
© Boardworks Ltd of 6 Resistant Materials Woods These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page.
© Boardworks Ltd of 7 Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation Teacher’s notes (in Notes Page)Accompanying.
MEANING IN DESIGN 1 QUICK VIEW ON HISTORY
Postmodernity in architecture is said to be heralded by the return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of.
TADOA ANDO Design Era He was born on September 13, 1941 in Osaka, Japan. He was first inspired to become an architect after he saw a Frank Lloyd Wright.
Using your m62 template The Industrial Revolution.
ROLE OF MARKETING IB BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT A COURSE COMPANION P
© Boardworks Ltd of 11 The Health and Safety Act.
The Industrial Revolution was a period that began in England in the 1700’s when humanity really began to turn to machines to do their work for them.
Industrial Manufacture Objectives To understand and reinforce knowledge on the scales of manufacture Know what scales of production particular products.
© Boardworks Ltd of 6 Business: Unit 3 Teacher’s notes included in the Notes PageFlash activity. These activities are not editable. Icons key: For.
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