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Periods of British Lit Celtic > 50BCPreliterate, pagan Roman50BC – 450ADCaesar, infrastructure, Latin Anglo-Saxon450 – 1066Angle-land, kingdoms, Latin,

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Presentation on theme: "Periods of British Lit Celtic > 50BCPreliterate, pagan Roman50BC – 450ADCaesar, infrastructure, Latin Anglo-Saxon450 – 1066Angle-land, kingdoms, Latin,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Periods of British Lit Celtic > 50BCPreliterate, pagan Roman50BC – 450ADCaesar, infrastructure, Latin Anglo-Saxon450 – 1066Angle-land, kingdoms, Latin, Old Eng. Medieval1066 – 1485Normans, French, Middle English Renaissance1485 – 1660Rebirth, humanist, intellectual Elizabethan1558 – 1603Spencer, Marlowe, Sydney, Shakes, Bacon Jacobean1603 – 1649Kings James/Charles, Donne, Cavaliers Puritan1649 – 1660No fun, Cromwell dictator, Milton, Bunyan Restoration1660 – 1702Fire, plague, first novels 18 th Century1702 – 1798Enlightenment/Reason, non-fiction Romantic1798 – 1832Anti-Enlightenment, Lyrical Ballads Victorian1832 – 1914First Reform Law, Scott’s death 20 th Century1914 >Anything goes, Modernism, wars

2 Anglo Saxon ( ) Beowulf: British epic about what makes a good warrior, king, Anglo- Saxon values, good and evil Historical Beowulf ~500 AD, told ~800, written ~1000 in Old English/Anglo-Saxon All translations from same source document Bede: History of the English Church and People (Caedmon of Whitby) Alfred: d.899 King committed to writing in vernacular versus Latin

3 Medieval ( ) Chretien d’Troyes: late 12 th century, Arthurian Romances (Yvain), French Lion in Winter: modern play about Henry II and his family in 1185, eve of crusades Chaucer: d.1400, Canterbury Tales, Middle English, frame story was to contain 120 tales (Prologue, Knight’s, Pardoner’s, Reeve’s, Wife of Bath’s) Malory: d.1471, Morte d’Arthur, collected stories of Arthurian legend, PROSE!, sets forth English stance on chivalry, national character

4 Renaissance ( ) Henry VII – VIII, Edward, Mary Columbus, Cabot Thomas More (Man for All Seasons, Utopia) Luther, Reformation, Church of England Sonnets introduced Elizabethan ( ) Jacobean ( ) reigns of James I and Charles I Puritan ( ) English civil war resulted in Cromwell as a military dictator)

5 Elizabethan ( ) Spenser – Fairie Queen Marlowe – Playwright, Faust Sydney – Sonneteer, Defense of Poesy, Astrophel and Stella Shakespeare Francis Bacon – Novum Organum, Of Studies

6 Jacobean ( ) John Donne Early period: conceits, love poems, To a Flea Middle period: to his wife, compass conceit Late period: metaphysical, Death Be Not Proud, No Man Is an Island, Ask Not for Whom the Bell Rings Herbert – Metaphysical poet Andrew Marvell – between metaphysical poets and cavaliers Tribe of Ben (Jonson) Cavalier poets: Suckling, Lovelace, Vaughan

7 Puritans ( ) John Milton: goes blind, VERY IMPORTANT Paradise Lost: English Epic John Bunyan Pilgrim’s Progress: Vanity Fair

8 Restoration/18th Century Not a lot of fiction, poetry or drama Age of science: i.e., Newton Technology: Watt (steam engine) > coal Age of political science: Locke, Hobbs Age of history: Gibbon Biography, dictionary, magazines, philosophy Age of wit, satire, descriptions of real things, ideas

9 Restoration/18th Century John Dryden: Critic : An Essay of Dramatic Poesy (re: Shakespeare) Poet: Mac Flecknoe: Scathing lampoon of contemporary poet; Song for St. Cecelia’s Day Samuel Pepys: Diarist of 17 th Century London, in code Daniel Defoe: Pen for hire Journal of the Plague Years Robinson Crusoe Moll Flanders

10 Restoration/18th Century Jonathan Swift: greatest satirist Gulliver’s Travels: 4 journeys (Lilliputians, Giants, Scientists, Horses) Modest Proposal (to eat Irish babies) Addison & Steele: first magazines Alexander Pope: everything in heroic couplets Rape of the Lock (mock epic) Epigrams (hope springs eternal, a little learning is a dangerous thing, to err is human, to forgive divine, fools rush in where angels fear to tread)

11 Restoration/18th Century Samuel Johnson: first dictionary, critic, lexicographer, wit James Boswell: first great biographer Thomas Grey: poet (Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard)

12 Restoration/18th Century Transitional Figures Robert Burns: National poet of Scotland To a Mouse Auld Lang Syne Sweet Afton William Blake: Poet, printer, artist, print-maker Poems of Innocence and Experience Dante’s Divine Comedy Milton’s Paradise Lost

13 Romantic Period ( ) Begins with Lyrical Ballads Gothic novels pre-date Reaction against rationality of Enlightenment Passion, nature, supernatural, radicalism, REVOLUTION Ends with First Reform Bill, death of Scott, ascendency of Victoria

14 Romantic Poets First Generation William Wordsworth: Lyrical Ballads! Tintern Abbey I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud Samuel Coleridge: Lyrical Ballads Rime of the Ancient Mariner Kubla Khan

15 Romantic Poets Second Generation Lord Byron After Swimming from Sestos to Abydos, She Walks in Beauty, Childe Harold, Don Juan Percy Shelley: politically radical, communes, free love, married Mary, died young and mysteriously Ozymandias, Ode to the West Wind, England in 1819 John Keats: died very young, very promising On first Looking into Chapman’s Homer, Bright Star, The Eve of St. Agnes, Ode to a Nightingale, Ode on a Grecian Urn

16 Romantic Novelists Walter Scott: started out as a poet, felt he could not be more successful than Byron. Practically invents historical fiction – Ivanhoe – Waverly – Rob Roy Jane Austen: Comedic novels about class issues/marriage – Pride and Prejudice – Sense and Sensibility – Persuasion – Northanger Abby – Mansfield Park Mary Shelley: Frankenstein

17 Victorian Poets Alfred, Lord Tennyson: poet laureate after Wordsworth Lady of Shalott, Idylls of the King, Ulysses, Charge of the Light Brigade, In Memoriam Robert Browning: dramatic monologues (My Last Duchess) Matthew Arnold: also a critic (Dover Beach) Thomas Hardy: also a novelist (The Man He Killed, Are You Digging on My Grave?) Elizabeth Barrett Browning: Sonnets from the Portuguese

18 Victorian Novelists Charles Dickens: serialized novels, extremely popular (Great Expectations, Christmas Carol, Tale of Two Cities, Oliver Twist) William Thackeray: Rival to Dickens (Vanity Fair) Charlotte Bronte: Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte: Jane Eyre Robert Louis Stevenson: Treasure Island, Kidnapped, Dr. Jeckel and Mr. Hyde Thomas Hardy: (Three Strangers) Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Return of the Native, Far from the Madding Crowd George Eliot: (Woman) Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner Rudyard Kipling: Kim, Just So Stories, Jungle Book W.H. Hudson: How Green Were My Valleys Joseph Conrad: (The Lagoon) Heart of Darkness, Lord Jim

19 Victorian (Other) Gilbert and Sullivan: operettas (Pirates of Penzance, HMS Pinafore) Lewis Carroll: children’s trippy fantasy/logic fiction (Alice in Wonderland, Through the Looking Glass, The Jabberwocky) Oscar Wilde: playwright (Importance of Being Ernest), novelist (Portrait of Dorian Grey), short stories (The Canterville Ghost)

20 20th Century George Bernard Shaw: deep comedic plays (Pygmalion, Man and Superman, Major Barbara) George Orwell: dystopian social criticism (1984, Animal Farm) Virginia Woolf: Bloomsbury Group: Mrs. Daloway E.M. Forster: Passage to India, Room with a View James Joyce: Dubliners, Portrait of the Artist as A young Man, Ulysses, Finnegan’s Wake Saki: short stories (The Interlopers, Schartz- Metterklume Method)


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