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My Last Duchess  By Robert Browning An explication by Anh-Thu Pham and Amy Chen.

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2 My Last Duchess  By Robert Browning An explication by Anh-Thu Pham and Amy Chen

3 Time Period and Style: Victorian  This poem is composed as a dramatic monologue, a format that Browning is best known for.  The aforementioned Duke of this poem is based on the real Duke of Ferrara, Italy, Alfonso II, whose first wife died just three years of marriage.

4  THAT’S my last Duchess painted on the wall,  Looking as if she were alive. I call  That piece a wonder, now: Frà Pandolf’s hands  Worked busily a day, and there she stands.  Will’t please you sit and look at her? I said 5  “Frà Pandolf” by design, for never read  Strangers like you that pictured countenance,  The depth and passion of its earnest glance,  But to myself they turned (since none puts by  The curtain I have drawn for you, but I) 10

5  And seemed as they would ask me, if they durst,  How such a glance came there; so, not the first  Are you to turn and ask thus. Sir, ’twas not  Her husband’s presence only, called that spot  Of joy into the Duchess’ cheek: perhaps 15  Frà Pandolf chanced to say, “Her mantle laps  Over my lady’s wrist too much,” or “Paint  Must never hope to reproduce the faint  Half-flush that dies along her throat:” such stuff  Was courtesy, she thought, and cause enough 20  For calling up that spot of joy. She had  A heart—how shall I say?—too soon made glad.  Too easily impressed: she liked whate’er  She looked on, and her looks went everywhere.

6  Sir, ’twas all one! My favor at her breast, 25  The dropping of the daylight in the West,  The bough of cherries some officious fool  Broke in the orchard for her, the white mule  She rode with round the terrace—all and each  Would draw from her alike the approving speech, 30  Or blush, at least. She thanked men,—good! but thanked  Somehow—I know not how—as if she ranked  My gift of a nine-hundred-years-old name  With anybody’s gift.

7 Amy Chen

8 Who’d stoop to blame 35 This sort of trifling? Even had you skill In speech – (which I have not) – to make your will Quite clear to such an one, and say, ‘Just this Or that in you disgusts me; here you miss, Or there exceed the mark’ – and if she let 40 Herself be lessoned so, nor plainly set Her wits to yours, for sooth, and made excuse, --E’en then would be some stooping; and I choose Never to stoop. Amy Chen

9 Oh sir, she smiled, no doubt, Whene’er I passed her; but who passed without 45 Much the same smile? This grew; I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together. There she stands As if alive. Will’t please you rise? We’ll meet The company below then. I repeat, The Count your master’s known munificence 50 Is ample warrant that no just pretence Of mine for dowry will be disallowed; Though his fair daughter’s self, as I avowed At starting, is my object. Nay, we’ll go Together down, sir. Notice Neptune, though, 55 Taming a sea-horse, thought a rarity, Which Claus of Innsbruck cast in bronze for me! Amy Chen

10 Annotated Poem – Amy Chen Amy Chen

11 AP Prompt  Organizing the essay by structure: The Duke welcomingly describes his last duchess to the marriage broker but gradually reveals the murder and shifts back to a normal tone as if nothing shocking happened.  Thesis: Browning utilizes a dramatic monologue to reveal the sociopathic characteristics of the speaker in Victorian poem, “My Last Duchess”. Amy Chen

12 Topic Sentences 1. Browning starts the poem with a false persona about the speaker, which contrasts with the end of the poem to create a dramatic effect. 2. The Duke’s passive aggressive tone displays his lack of trust in the Duchess and finally reveals his dignified solution to ending their marriage. 3.The Duke’s carelessness towards the murder at the end of the poem further underscores his sociopathic mindset. Amy Chen

13 References Browning, Robert. My Last Duchess Ferrara. Champaign, Ill.: Project Gutenberg, 199. Print. "What are the Features of Victorian Period Poetry." Web. 21 Jan. 2015.. Amy Chen

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