Presentation on theme: "October 16, 1854 ~ November 30, 1900 Irish journalist, writer, poet and playwright of the Victorian eraVictorian era Aestheticism Known for his biting."— Presentation transcript:
October 16, 1854 ~ November 30, 1900 Irish journalist, writer, poet and playwright of the Victorian eraVictorian era Aestheticism Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and social commentarybiting wit
The Happy Prince The Happy Prince and Other Tales (1888) audio (1) (2) (3) audio(1)(2)(3) The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898)
+ Aesthetic Movement in the 19 th century + Emphasis of aesthetic values more than social- political theme + “Art for Art’s Sake” + “Art should provide refined sensuous pleasure” + John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ocar Wilde Back to Oscar Wilde
+ Queen Victoria’ reign (1837~1901) + Improvement of communication links– stagecoaches, canals, steam ships, railways international travel, trade + The sewage system(1858), a gas network (1880s) in London + On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin (1859) + A period of peace, prosperity, refined sensibilities and national self-confidence + Women in the Victorian Era Women in the Victorian Era
+ Industrial Revolution (1750~1850) + Poverty: population increase+ rapid urbanization overcrowding, slums + Child labor in factories & mines or as chimney sweeper A slum in Glasgow in 1871 A girl pulling a coal tub in mine.
+ Low schooling rate: 20% children in London in 1840 had any schooling + long working hours (64~52 hrs) + Dangerous jobs with low wages: chimney sweeps, scramble under machinery, in coal mine tunnels, errand boys, shoe blacks, selling machines/flowers/cheap goods, apprentices, servants, prostitutes
+ Rebuild the Victorian through Oscar Wilde’s Work -- the Happy Prince + Oscar Wilde’s Social Concerns