5Under Victoria’s RuleThe role of the monarchy changes from giving orders to parliament to advising it.Proper behavior is insisted upon.British Imperialism spreads around the world.Industrial Revolution continues and creates middle class.Wealth and prosperity grow, but so does suffering.
6Under Queen VictoriaMiddle class enjoyed vast new wealth and became educated.Literature shifted from romanticism to realism
7Gothic Fiction Role of Architecture English Gothic writers often associated medieval buildings with what they saw as a dark and terrifying period, characterized by harsh laws enforced by torture, and with mysterious, fantastic, and superstitious rituals.
8Under Queen Victoria Romanticism Romantics influenced early Victorian writers.Early Victorian poets focused on “poetic” subjects.Readers turned to novels that combined elements from both eras.
14Under Queen Victoria Realism Fiction was considered light entertainment.Realism captured everyday life.Realist writers exposed social problems and pretensions.Psychological realism focused on internal realities of the mind.Novels were long and often published serially.
15Gothic Fiction Setting The setting of the Gothic Novel is a character in itself. The plot is usually set in a castle, an abbey, a monastery, or some other, usually religious edifice, and it is acknowledged that this building has secrets of its own. It is this gloomy and frightening scenery, which sets the scene for what the audience should expect.
16Characteristics of Gothic Fiction Virginal MaidenOlder, Foolish WomanHeroTyrant/VillainStupid ServantClownsBandits/RuffiansClergy