Presentation on theme: "Immigration, Urbanization, and Everyday Life,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Immigration, Urbanization, and Everyday Life, 1860-1900 Chapter 19
2 Guiding Questions 1.) How did Immigrants shape American cities? 2.) What were political bosses and why did they gain power in the post Civil War cities?3.) Why did tensions develop between civic reformers and the urban poor?
3 Guiding Questions4.) How did new consumer products and greater leisure time reinforce awareness of class and ethnic differences?5.) What was “Victorian morality”, and why was it under attack by the late 19th Century?6.) How did economic and educational transformations affect the social roles of women?
4 Urbanization Urbanization Immigration Housing (Tenements) Sanitation Social ClassesAmericanization
5 Urbanization Why did Immigrants come to U.S. cities? Old Immigrants New ImmigrantsCastle Garden ( )Ellis IslandAngel IslandSteerage
6 Urban Society Ethnic Neighborhoods Language Barriers Irish Immigrants Irish-AmericanGerman-AmericanJewish-AmericanItalian neighborhood, Mulberry Street, New York
9 Everyday Life The Victorian Code The American Woman’s Home Catherine BeecherProper MannersHow did women respond to the Victorian Code?
10 Everyday Life Department Stores Rowland Macy The Adventure of Shopping Higher EducationLeland Stanford
11 Everyday Life Political Bosses Political Machines Boss William Tweed Tammany HallGraftsThomas Nast
12 Everyday Life Battling Poverty Robert Hartley New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (AICP)Charles BraceNew York Children’s Aid Society
13 Everyday Life The Salvation Army “General” William Booth Josephine Shaw Lowell’s Charity Organization Society (COS)Accusations against the COS
14 Everyday Life The Social Gospel Washington Gladden Walter RauschenbuschThe Federal Council of ChurchesRauschenbusch
15 Everyday Life Settlement Houses Jane Addams Hull House What types of things did the Hull House offer to those in need?
16 Everyday Life Saloons Immigrant Politics Bare-knuckle prize fighting BaseballThe New York KnickerbockersThe National LeagueThe Cincinnati Red Stockings
17 Everyday Life Entertainment Vaudeville Amusement Parks (Coney Island) Dance HallsRagtime
18 Everyday Life The Genteel Tradition Eliot Norton E.L. Godkin The CenturyThe North American ReviewThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884)Mark Twain
19 Everyday Life Public Education in the late 19th Century William Torrey HarrisMandatory Attendance PoliciesHow did the poor react to the new education laws?How did the Catholic Church respond to the new education laws?