Presentation on theme: "Immigration, Urbanization, and Everyday Life,"— Presentation transcript:
1Immigration, Urbanization, and Everyday Life, 1860-1900 Chapter 19
2Guiding Questions 1.) How did Immigrants shape American cities? 2.) What were political bosses and why did they gain power in the post Civil War cities?3.) Why did tensions develop between civic reformers and the urban poor?
3Guiding Questions4.) How did new consumer products and greater leisure time reinforce awareness of class and ethnic differences?5.) What was “Victorian morality”, and why was it under attack by the late 19th Century?6.) How did economic and educational transformations affect the social roles of women?
4Urbanization Urbanization Immigration Housing (Tenements) Sanitation Social ClassesAmericanization
5Urbanization Why did Immigrants come to U.S. cities? Old Immigrants New ImmigrantsCastle Garden ( )Ellis IslandAngel IslandSteerage
6Urban Society Ethnic Neighborhoods Language Barriers Irish Immigrants Irish-AmericanGerman-AmericanJewish-AmericanItalian neighborhood, Mulberry Street, New York
9Everyday Life The Victorian Code The American Woman’s Home Catherine BeecherProper MannersHow did women respond to the Victorian Code?
10Everyday Life Department Stores Rowland Macy The Adventure of Shopping Higher EducationLeland Stanford
11Everyday Life Political Bosses Political Machines Boss William Tweed Tammany HallGraftsThomas Nast
12Everyday Life Battling Poverty Robert Hartley New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (AICP)Charles BraceNew York Children’s Aid Society
13Everyday Life The Salvation Army “General” William Booth Josephine Shaw Lowell’s Charity Organization Society (COS)Accusations against the COS
14Everyday Life The Social Gospel Washington Gladden Walter RauschenbuschThe Federal Council of ChurchesRauschenbusch
15Everyday Life Settlement Houses Jane Addams Hull House What types of things did the Hull House offer to those in need?
16Everyday Life Saloons Immigrant Politics Bare-knuckle prize fighting BaseballThe New York KnickerbockersThe National LeagueThe Cincinnati Red Stockings
17Everyday Life Entertainment Vaudeville Amusement Parks (Coney Island) Dance HallsRagtime
18Everyday Life The Genteel Tradition Eliot Norton E.L. Godkin The CenturyThe North American ReviewThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884)Mark Twain
19Everyday Life Public Education in the late 19th Century William Torrey HarrisMandatory Attendance PoliciesHow did the poor react to the new education laws?How did the Catholic Church respond to the new education laws?