Presentation on theme: "Housing Affordability: Victoria, BC Bernie Pauly RN, Ph.D Associate Professor, School of Nursing Scientist, Centre for Addictions Research of BC January."— Presentation transcript:
Housing Affordability: Victoria, BC Bernie Pauly RN, Ph.D Associate Professor, School of Nursing Scientist, Centre for Addictions Research of BC January 30, 2014
Adequate housing: not requiring any major repairs. Affordable dwellings costs less than 30% of total before-tax household income. Suitable housing has enough bedrooms for household residents ( CMHC, Core Housing Need) Source Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (2009). Research highlight: 2006 Census Housing Series: Issue 2—The Geography of Core Housing Need, 2001-2006. Socio-economic Series. Policy and Research Division. Ottawa, Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation.
‘Tip of the Iceberg’ Sources: Pauly et al., (2013). Facing Homelessness, Victoria: Greater Victoria Coalition to End Homelessenss and CARBC Gaetz, S., et al. (2013). The State of Homelessness in Canada 2013. Toronto. Unsheltered Emergency Sheltered: 1,659 individuals (Pauly et al., 2013) Provisionally Accommodated Insecurely housing (Core Housing Need): 27% of Greater Victorian Renters are paying more than 30% of income for rent 10.9% are paying more than 50% (Severe Housing need). (Gaetz et al, 2013
How easy is it to find a place to live in Greater Victoria? Private Apartment/Townhouse Vacancy Rates by Unit Type 2006-12 (Victoria CMA) Unit Type2006200720082009201020112012 Bach0.4%0.8%0.6%1.3%0.8%1.7%1.3% 1 Bdrm0.6% 0.5%1.6%1.7%2.5%2.9% 2 Bdrm0.4% 0.3%1.1%1.2%1.7%2.9% 3+ Bdrm0.2%0.6%0.9%1.5%1.6%2.4%4.7% Total0.5% 0.4%1.4%1.5%2.1%2.8% Source: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2007-2012). Rental Market Report, Victoria CMA
Bachelor Vacancy Rates Source: Pauly et al., 2013. Facing Homelessness Greater Victoria Coalition to End Homelessness
How much does it cost to rent in Victoria? Private Apartment/Townhouse Average Rent by Unit Type 2006-2012 (Victoria CMA) Unit Type2006200720082009201020112012 Bach$561$589$625$646$665$676$695 1 Bdrm$680$715$764$789$805$818$827 2 Bdrm$875$908$964$1000$1025$1046$1061 3+ Bdrm$1168$1210$1303$1357$1368$1373$1398 Source: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2007-2012). Rental Market Report, Victoria CMA.
How Many Low-priced Units Are in Greater Victoria? Source: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2006-2012). Rental Market Survey and Pauly et al., 2013.
“I was in the city twenty years, I only lived in two places, until they started to increase the rent and we got pushed out because of the rent increase, I couldn’t afford to live there anymore So, so I got pushed out of my home and just months later I was homeless for fifteen months ….so that’s what happened to me.” – Dee Source: Pauly et al., (2013) Facing Homelessness, Greater Victoria Coalition to End Homelessness and CARBC.
Housing Registry: 1477 People Housing Registry Applicant Households by Type (Snapshot as of March 31, 2013) *Housing Registry statistics are based on a snapshot of those on the waitlist on the last day of the fiscal year. Source: BC Housing, Operations Branch, Housing Services Reporting, 4th Quarter Activity - March 31, 2011-2012.
How much does it cost an individual for food and rent? Single Individual (male) - 2013 Minimum wageIA DisabilityIA PPMB Income Assistance (IA) Income $1525.90$963.86$711.29$663.37 Bachelor Apt. Median Rent $695.00 Average monthly cost of food basket in BC $305.92 Remainder for monthly expenses $524.98$-37.06$-289.63$-337.55
“ So you gotta toss up whether you pay your bills, your hydro this month or you eat some food or you give up food to pay your hydro.” - Dee Source: Food Banks Canada. (2012). Hunger Count 2012: British Columbia Summary of Findings.
Subsidized Units/Rental Supplements In 2012/13, NO new subsidized units have been added for homeless or Aboriginal peoples. 88 were added for families and seniors but some units deactivated. NO new funding for rent supplements for homeless individuals. Current Total: 150 Source: BC Housing. (2013). Homelessness Services System.
Eroding Foundations…. Withdrawal of federal government e.g. CMHC Privatization of Housing Market (1993) Rising Market Rents Aging Housing Stock Loss of Affordable Housing stock (Gentrification)
The “New Poverty” “Homelessness is a result of a series of ‘dehousing’ policies” Hulchanski, 2005
Re-Building the Foundation Increase Rent Supps Raise BC Housing Shelter Allowance Increase # of Subsidized and Supportive Units Broaden Reach of Rental Assistance Programs National Housing Strategy Housing First: Evidence Based and Effective. Cooperative Housing