Presentation on theme: "History of Floral Design"— Presentation transcript:
1History of Floral Design Mrs. Jennifer Crutchfield
2Why is it important to understand history of floral design? To understand how designs from historical periods influence contemporary designs.What will you learn?Be able to identify origins of floral designs.Identify characteristics of mass, line-mass and line designs in history.
3How were flowers used through out history? Used by people to:Express their feelingsEnhance their surroundingsCommemorate important rituals and observances.Personal Adornment
4History Reveals Two Different Styles of Flowers. European or Occidental Style- Started in Egypt and was later developed by EuropeansOriental Style- Started in China and later developed by the Japanese
5Oriental StyleUsually large and symmetrical with one or two types of foliage and flowers placed around a central branch.Lightest colors were used at outer portions of design, darker ones kept nearest the base.
6Oriental Style- Line Arrangements Oriental styles emphasized simplicity, containing few flowers and conservative colors, and, as they emphasized lines instead of masses, are known as 'Line Arrangements'.The lotus was sacred because it was the flower of the Goddess Isis.
7Oriental StyleName later changed to Ikebana which means “giving life to the flowers.”
8Oriental StyleCharacterized by minimum use of plant material and careful placement of branches and flowers.Each placement and angle has meaning.This type of arrangement became known as “line arrangement”
12European Style Generally large, round or oval mass of flowers Flower placement is not rigidly dictated as in oriental design
13Floral Designs in European Periods How did the Mass Style Flower Arrangement Evolve? Middle Ages-RenaissanceBaroqueFrenchEnglish-GeorgianVictorian
14Middle Ages Not much is known about floral design This is the period between the ancient and modern times in European history476 to 1450 ADFlowers were an important part of lifeUsed forMedicineAir fresheners flower petals put on ground and walked on to freshen air.Wreaths and GarlandsPersonal AdornmentDecorations
15Renaissance Period in Europe after Middle Ages Flowers are often shown in vases in paintings.Great emphasis is placed on flower meaningMass of flowersRarely see the stemsEach flower does stand outPatterned after the clasical greek and roman Styles
16Baroque Period Era following the Renaissance in Europe Art is no longer just for the church or nobility, it is now accessible to the middle classPaintings show arrangements in everyday settingsMany interiors were overdecorated and gaudyDesigns became more creative and expressive
17French Period (17th & 18th century France) Also known as the “Grand Era”Associated with the courtly lifeEmphasis was on classic design, refinement, and eleganceDesigns were often fan shaped and massed
18English-Georgian Period (18th century England) Named for English Kings George I, II, & IIIFragrance was very important in flower selection because it was thought to rid diseaseEnglish created the nosegay to safeguard from illnessFlowers became part of fashion in hair, around necks, and in décolletageArrangements were formal & symmetricalOften used Nosegay to smell because of bad smells of self and others.
19NosegayMany times the nosegay was given as a gift as each flower had a meaning.You can easily make a nosegay from items from your yard.
20Victorian EraNamed for Queen Victoria who reigned in England from 1837 to 1901Victorian interiors were lavishly decorated in heavy colors and patterns
21Victorian Era: Design Characteristics Time of great enthusiasm about flowers; floral design was taught and recognized as artFirst attempt to establish rules for floral arrangingDescribed as grouping large masses of flowers, foliage, and grasses together to create a design with no center of interestUsually round or oval shaped arrangements
22Victorian Era Characteristics Two or Three Tiered Flower Arrangements.Tight mass of flowers with foliage around edges.
23History influence on today’s floral design. American floral design uses more materials than the Oriental but far fewer than the EuropeanUS floral design is often built around linear patterns, showing the Oriental influence.
24Historical influence on today’s floral design. Most floral designs in the US are referred to as “line mass” and combine Oriental and European ideas
25Student Activity:Select pictures of European, Oriental, and American Floral Designs find at least three pictures of each type of design, label each picture with the type of design that it represents **Remember to also label if the design is a line design, mass design, or a line mass design. Tape the picture on a piece of white printer paper.You may choose to used pictures from interior, home furninshing magazines or the internet.
26Flower Arrangement Activity You will be creating an Oriental Style Line Flower Arrangement.Make a list of the items you will need:1/3 piece of floral foamLow bowl or small desert plateFloral tape2 Branches (any type)10 large Leaves they can be the same as the Leaves From the Branch or they can be hosta leaves, canna lilly.3 Flowers with a large head. You can use Zinia, Carnation, Crepe Myrtal Blooms, RosesPlease try to find flowers in and around your school or yard(Any Found flower will work for this arrangement)
27Quiz:What are some practical reasons for knowing the history of floral art?What are some reasons for changing design styles across time?What are some floral traditions of ancient civilizations?How did European traditions influence American design?
28QuizExplain how the oriental and European floral design styles have influenced the types of flower shop arrangements sold today.What are the two historical types of floral design?How are the two types of floral design different in their looks?Name your favorite period of floral design.