Presentation on theme: "WorkSafe Victoria is a division of the Victorian WorkCover Authority Guidance Note on the Prevention of Bullying and Violence at Work Evaluation results."— Presentation transcript:
WorkSafe Victoria is a division of the Victorian WorkCover Authority Guidance Note on the Prevention of Bullying and Violence at Work Evaluation results – first year of implementation
Background At the launch of the Guidance Note, the Minister for WorkCover announced that its implementation would be reviewed 12 months after the launch “to ensure it is being used effectively and appropriately” The evaluation focused on part one of the Guidance Note – Preventing Workplace Bullying
Background Evaluation questions 1.How effective is the Guidance Note as a tool to: raise awareness; increase knowledge and information; implement prevention measures; and implement resolution procedures? 2.If the Guidance Note is not effective, what are the options? Note: question two conditional on negative answer to question one
Evaluation components The evaluation involved 6 pieces of research: 1.Survey of employees (repeat of 2003 benchmark survey) to measure incidence and changes in perception on bullying in Victorian workplaces 2.Survey of employers – to examine their level of awareness on bullying and how to prevent it 3.In-depth interviews with various stakeholders examining their perceptions on how WorkSafe Victoria deals with bullying
Evaluation components 4.Survey of Bullying Designated Inspectors – examining the adequacy of support and the tools provided to them 5.Detailed case studies – examining how matters are actioned once they are referred to WorkSafe 6.Internal data review – examining calls to OHS advisory service, workplace visits and notices issued
Employee survey A survey of 1000 Victorians aged over 18 who were employed full time, part time or on a casual basis Purpose – to measure employee perceptions on a range of issues about their workplaces and bullying Conducted in March 2004 (follow up from 2003 benchmark survey) What did it involve?
Some results: employee survey Verbal abuse was the most common form of bullying reported Large organisations were more likely to have a bullying policy Only a third of small organisations had bullying policies
Some results: employee survey Slight increase in employees reporting their company had a workplace bullying policy Employees reporting they have personally experienced bullying remains steady Most common reason for bullying stopping was victim leaving the job
Employer survey A survey of 250 employers, conducted in august 2004 Purpose – to measure employer perceptions of the WorkSafe Victoria’s Guidance Note on the Prevention of Bullying and Violence at Work What did it involve?
Some results: employer survey Since the release of the Guidance Note, nearly a quarter of employers surveyed stated bullying had been reported to them According to employers surveyed, the three most common actions taken to manage recent bullying complaints were: investigation; mediation; and disciplinary action According to employers surveyed, the three most common outcomes of a bullying complaint were: issue resolved; employee left; and no repeat offence
Inspector survey A survey of WorkSafe Victoria inspectors who deal with allegations of bullying Purpose – to examine WorkSafe Victoria’s approach to dealing with bullying What did it involve?
Some results: Inspector survey Responding to bullying allegations is time and resource intensive The Guidance Note has been constructive in informing & assisting workplaces but case studies/ examples needed Involvement of management in prevention and issue resolution is critical – lack of involvement generally results in poor outcomes
Some results: Inspector survey We need to clarify WorkSafe’s role and functions to workplace parties Awareness on what can be done to prevent bullying prior to an inspector visiting a workplace was generally low
Themes from evaluation Bullying was more likely to be reported by workers in community services & the health industries Bullying least likely to be reported by workers in manufacturing & construction industries Full time employees were most likely to be aware of company's bullying policy Bullying awareness & incidence
Themes from evaluation Casuals and apprentices were least likely to be aware of company's bullying policy Employers who were aware of the Guidance Note were more likely to rate WorkSafe as effective in dealing with workplace bullying Awareness of the Guidance Note was low in regional Victoria Bullying awareness & incidence
Themes from evaluation A significant proportion of workers are not aware of what actions to take to stop bullying - from employee survey Workers experiencing bullying are more likely to inform internal parties than external parties- from employee survey Victims often leave the organisation in response to being bullied - from employee & employer surveys When bullying occurs
Themes from evaluation According to both the employee & employer surveys only a half to sixty per cent of organisations involved employees in the development of their workplace policy on bullying Employees in small organisations were least likely to have been involved in policy development Employee involvement
What did the evaluation tell us? There is acceptance that workplace bullying is a legitimate OHS issue from both employers & employee representatives There needs to be a greater focus on prevention so bullying is treated like any other OHS issue There is sufficient evidence to confirm that the Guidance Note is being taken seriously and that a code of practice is not warranted Employer associations believe the level of support provided to employers on ‘what compliance looks like’ should increase
What did the evaluation tell us? Not enough employers are involving employees in the development of workplace policies on bullying Overall, the level of employee and employer awareness of bullying has increased WorkSafe's’ enforcement activity in relation to the Guidance Note has increased
WorkSafe Victoria is a division of the Victorian WorkCover Authority WorkSafe & Prevention of Bullying The next 12 months
Actions following evaluation results Inform stakeholders on evaluation findings via WorkSafe Victoria web site Letters promoting the Guidance Note & its prevention approach for bullying will be sent to CEOs in industries with low awareness levels WorkSafe’s operational policy on bullying has been revised and bullying prevention training offered to all inspectors
Actions following evaluation results WorkSafe Victoria will increase prevention activity in relation to workplace bullying PSCS to pilot a more proactive approach to prevention of bullying WorkSafe will schedule a number of regional workshops on bullying prevention and the Guidance Note